The inaugural issue of Indian History is out. Utsav Kumar (ADB): India's Demographic Transition: Boon or Bane? Neer Varshney (Symbiosis): Equality and Social Justice: Is Affirmative Action in India Justified? From Seminar, a symposium on the relationship between science, knowledge and democracy. From Theory Talks, an interview with Siddharth Mallavarapu on international asymmetries, ethnocentrism, and a view on IR from India. India defeats polio: It's one of the biggest public health victories of our time — now we have to keep it from coming back. Vidya Subramanian on the surprising friendship between cricket and military technology. Do you understand me? K. Satchidanandan surveys the culture of translation in India (and part 2). Indian Supreme Court creates “third gender” category for transgenders. G.P. Manish reviews Everyday Technology: Machines and the Making of India’s Modernity by David Arnold. Neo-liberalism and democracy: Prabhat Patnaik on the rise of fascism in Indian politics and the growing popularity of a "messiah" who promises to solve all problems in the "closure" of politics under neo-liberalism. Is India's new prime minister a neo-fascist or a reformer? William Dalrymple investigates. Isaac Chotiner on how the next prime minister is a dangerous man; and on the biggest losers in India's election. With the rise of Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi culminating in this week's election, Pankaj Mishra asks if the world's largest democracy is entering its most sinister period since independence. Adam Ziegfeld on why India’s election isn’t as historic as people think: The BJP's actual support is lower than its win would suggest.