A new issue of Europe's World is out. From Rationality, Markets, and Morals, Peter Koller (Graz): On the Legitimacy of Political Communities: A General Approach and Its Application to the European Union; and Peter Bernholz (Basel): How to Safeguard Subsidiarity and Competition in the European Union. The first chapter from Framing Europe: Attitudes to European Integration in Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom by Juan Diez Medrano. An interview with Olivier Ferrand: "Today’s Europe blocks the emergence of tomorrow’s Europe". An excerpt from Europe's Promise: Why the European Way Is the Best Hope in an Insecure Age by Steven Hill (and a look at the 5 myths of Europe). A review of The New Old World by Perry Anderson (and more). From Crooked Timber, John Quiggin on European exceptionalism; and Henry Farrell writes in praise of the European Parliament. Paul Krugman on the making of a Euromess. An article on how Brussels is trying to prevent a collapse of the Euro. Traveling across the EU on a BMW: How are the effects of the economic crisis visible to a motorcyclist riding through Europe? (and part 2) The Nordic model, with its welfare state and high rate of investment in human capital, can, properly implemented, be part of the solution to the global crisis. Claus Offe on lessons learned and open questions: Welfare state building in post-communist EU member states. A review of 1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe by Mary Elise Sarotte. From NYRB, Timothy Snyder on Europe's new walls. Margaret Thatcher's hostility towards an integrated Europe was no secret, but the extent of her isolation from the rest of the continent — even from her admirer Mitterrand — has only recently become clear. A look at why Tony Blair could never have been a satisfactory first President of Europe.


A new issue of Agora is out. Charlotte Higgins on The Iliad and what it can still tell us about war. If the latest numbers from online ad network Chitika are anything to go by, then we may well be on our way to the world of Idiocracy. From Time, what is Robert Gates really fighting for? From TNR, a review of of Bitter Spring: A Life of Ignazio Silone by Stanislao Pugliese (and more); a review of Memoirs of a Fortunate Jew by Dan Vittorio Segre; and Leon Wieseltier on how writers have become the new proles. Sex-Offender City: Florida’s sex criminals are crowding into a handful of neighborhoods. For the Obama administration, there are dangers in doing too much and too little to help the pro-democracy movement in Iran — here is how to chart a safe, effective third way. An interview with James Meek on books on the death of empires (and Lorraine Adams reviews Meek's We Are Now Beginning Our Descent). From Splice Today, Noah Berlatsky on how it doesn't matter what you like — just so long as you recognize the aesthetic failures of bourgeois sentimentalism. The case for academic study of postage stamps: A review of Miniature Messages: The Semiotics and Politics of Latin American Postage Stamps by Jack Child. EJ Dionne on American Decline, the sleeper issue of the 2010 elections. Felix Salmon on world hunger and the locavores. Let us now praise standing in line: The case for our least-favorite activity. The notion that advertising revenue can save content is looking increasingly untenable — drug dealers and bakeries may have had the best business model all along. An excerpt from The Watchers: The Rise of America's Surveillance State by Shane Harris.


From the Journal of Evolution and Technology, John Hickman (Berry): Mapping a Small Moral Universe. From First Things, a review of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Religion: Illusions, Delusions, and Realities About Human Nature by Malcolm Jeeves and Warren S. Brown; and a review of Neither Beast nor God: The Dignity of the Human Person by Gilbert Meilaender. From National Review, Wesley Smith on the top ten bioethics stories of the decade. The New Atlantis' "Futurisms" is a blog critiquing the project to reengineer humanity (or a collection of anti-transhumanist intellectuals). Bioethics and the progressive neocons: Some progressives have progressed so far that they've become technophobic reactionaries. James Hughes on problems of transhumanism (and part 2 and part 3 and part 4). Kyle Munkittrick on how there is no concept of “perfect” in transhumanism. Kris Notaro on transhumanism and phenomenological reduction: What properties of consciousness and mind will remain the same in a posthuman world? Many transhumanists are under the mistaken impression that the world they live in operates like a science fiction novel — it doesn’t. As satisfying as sex and sexuality are, there seems little doubt that, eventually, transhuman minds will discover new forms of pleasure and fulfillment going far beyond what we now get from sexuality (and a response). From IEET, will cognitive enhancement technology make us dumber? Philippe Verdoux investigates; Martine Rothblatt on why cyberconsciousness won’t take aeons to evolve; and are you living in a computer simulation, and will uploaded minds in machines be alive? From Rolling Stone, when man and machine merge: Meet Ray Kurzweil, prophet of the techno rapture.


From Vanity Fair, following John Hughes’s sudden death, at age 59, last summer, David Kamp delves into his intense connections and sudden breaks with his Brat Pack actors, as well as the essential anomaly of his brief Hollywood reign (and more and more and more). Eric Holder's War: For the attorney general, remaking the rule of law in a new century is as personal as it is professional. What's the problem with Vancouver that no one's talking about? The spectacle of the Winter Games isn't just ruining sports — it's killing our chance to be happy. Christina Larson on how Tibet is no Shangri-La — and the Dalai Lama is not what you think. Our short attention spans provoke much lamentation, but it’s really nothing new: People have been complaining about the speed and fragmentation of modern life since well before there was a “modern” to complain about. Take a quick look at fangirl history and you will realize that fangirls’ devotion has “made” some of the most significant players in pop culture history. From NYRB, Tony Judt on revolutionaries: "No one should feel guilty for being born in the right place at the right time". A review of You Couldn't Ignore Me If You Tried: The Brat Pack, John Hughes, and Their Impact on a Generation by Susannah Gora. From Against the Current, a review of Emma Goldman: A Documentary History of the American Years: Volume 1, Made for America 1890-1901 and Volume 2, Making Speech Free, 1902-1909; and Ernie Haberkern on the politics of Victor Serge (and a response). From the Vatican's Zenit, is it possible to meet God in the tangled maze of cyberspace? In an iPad world, fascination can distract. My taxi driver spoke Swahili: Ben Wisner on American dreams and Las Vegas nightmares.


From TNR, John Judis on where Barack Obama’s sympathies lie: They ain’t with Main Street (and he's a yuppie); Obama’s politics aren’t anti-democratic — they’re liberal; and a look at Obama’s latest problem: Democrats who still love the Bush tax cuts. Obama’s other deficit: The president needs to tell the truth on taxes, entitlements, and how to really reform health care — before it's too late. From TAP, Mark Schmitt on fantasy-league politics: The recurring dream of an independent candidate or party protects the status quo; and on the problem of too little money in politics: The real concern after Citizens United should be that small donors will stop giving. Victor Davis Hanson on the trouble with elitist theories: Nobody likes to be lectured by those claiming superior wisdom but lacking common sense. Where is the evidence that liberals are more condescending than conservatives? Michael Kinsley wants to know. Michael Hirsh and Daniel Gross on the wisdom of crowds: When populist rage leads to smart policy. American Grotesque: Insane birthers and Glenn Beck-worshipping tea-partiers, proud racists and gun-toting antigovernment loons — they're all here, and they're all angry about something (and more). Jon Avlon on how the birthers began on the Left (and a response). From The Nation, Tea partyers' enthusiasm may be genuine, but let's not forget: this is a right-wing reactionary movement (and more). Stuart Whatley on how the Tea Party Movement is a national embarrassment (and more). Never mind Sarah Palin and the tricornered hats — the tea-party movement is dominated by conspiracist kooks (and more). Color Revolution: EJ Dionne on nativism and the Tea Party movement (and more and more from TNR). What will be our Second Revolutionary War?


Larry Diamond (Stanford): Why Are There No Arab Democracies? From Al-Ahram, where we are in 2010: Collapsing Arab states may well be a pattern in the future if the key fault lines between and within these states are not boldly addressed. A review of The Crisis of Islamic Civilization by Ali Allawi. Where's our Mandela?: Singular, inspiring and resolute leadership is above all what the Arab and Islamic world needs. Issandr El Amrani calls for an end to all the calls for a "new Marshall Plan". An interview with Eugene Rogan on books on the Arabs. Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab, author of Contemporary Arab Thought: Cultural Critique in Comparative Perspective, on the malaise in the post-1967 Arab world. From Al-Masry Al-Youm, an interview with Jeffrey Herf, author of Nazi Propaganda for the Arab World. The first chapter from The Middle East For Dummies by Craig Davis. A review of Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What It Will Mean for Our World by Vali Nasr (and more). From The New Yorker, an article on Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Can an oil-rich nation come to the rescue of a world desperate to find low-carbon energy solutions to combat a rapidly warming planet? The Dead Sea may soon shrink to a lifeless pond as Middle East political strife blocks vital measures needed to halt its decay. Is the term “Persian Gulf” a form of Iranian cartographic imperialism over Arabic-speaking countries? O camel! my camel!: Why the Arab world is re-embracing the poetry of the desert. Arabs are funny: A popular stand-up comedy festival in Jordan proves it.


From Human Rights & Human Welfare, a symposium on Confronting Global Terrorism and American Neo-Conservatism: The Framework of a Liberal Grand Strategy by Tom Farer. Ludwig Minelli has helped more than 1,000 people kill themselves and turned Zurich into the world capital of “suicide tourism”; he says he’s securing a basic human right — others claim he’s a monster and a crook. New research finds a sense of purpose developed during college years sticks with you and helps shape adult behavior. An interview with William Sims Bainbridge, author of The Warcraft Civilization: Social Science in a Virtual World. A look at how political leanings can affect investing. A look at 6 rulers who abused their power in hilariously insane ways. An article on Transnistria, stranger than paradise. An interview with Keith Slotter on books on the FBI and crime. Guess Obama wasn't kidding when he gave all those shout-outs to nuclear power in his State of the Union address. More and more on An Intellectual History of Cannibalism by Catalin Avramescu. A review of Broker, Trader, Lawyer, Spy: The Secret World of Corporate Espionage by Eamon Javers. You're rich, get over it: People who make $250,000 or more a year can afford a tax hike. A look at how abstract thoughts prompt literal physical responses. A review of In and Out of the Working Class by Michael Yates (and more). You can download Human Security Report's "The Shrinking Costs of War". Sotheby's highlights economic disparity: Happy days are here again — for wealthy art collectors. The end of the office and the future of work: We love to hate the workplace, but we’ll miss it when it’s gone.


John Schmitt and Kris Warner (CEPR): The Changing Face of Labor, 1983-2008. The work around: How some supervisors of low-wage workers break the rules to make an unfair system a little bit fairer. A review of Can They Do That? Retaking Our Fundamental Rights in the Workplace by Lewis Maltby. A review of Occupational Ghettos: The Worldwide Segregation of Women and Men by Maria Charles and David B. Grusky. Unions must move Left, they have no alternative: A review of Solidarity Divided by Bill Fletcher, Jr. and Fernando Gapasin (and more). The Good War and the workers: World War II defense contracts raised labor standards — government could use the same leverage in peacetime. A review of Embedded with Organized Labor: Journalistic Reflections on the Class War at Home by Steve Early. For American labor, year one of Barack Obama's presidency has been close to an unmitigated disaster. SEIU’s Civil War: American workers need a labor movement grounded in social justice, not fractured, fighting unions. Making labor legal: Renewing the tradition of using non-white, sub-citizen workers ought to cause considerable stress to those concerned with human rights. David Mulcahey reviews Nice Work if You Can Get It: Life and Labor in Precarious Times by Andrew Ross. From Studies in Social Justice, a special issue on work, insecurity, and social justice. Misunderstanding the anti-union narrative: Many scholars find the theme of corruption in organized laborLINK hard to square with the reigning historiography. Why teach labor history? Union members have played a significant role in democratizing America and humanizing the workplace. A review of Why Is There No Labor Party in the United States? by Robin Archer. Should labor defend undocumented workers?


Exile in Greenville: Liz Phair on what happens when a NASCAR race and an environmental conference converge. Is technology ruining America’s youth? It’s certainly ruining its older generations. What’s old is new again: Just when you thought Iraq was getting better. Proxy War: A look at how Haiti became a battlefield for the great powers. Thomas Sowell on John Rawls and the problems with a more hands-on concept of fairness. Alan Wolfe reviews Intellectuals and Society by Thomas Sowell (and more by Russell Jacoby). From Aestimatio, a review of The Catapult: A History by Tracey Rihll and a review of The Astrolabe by James E. Morrison. Why Orwell Endures: Sad as George Orwell’s early death was, one can’t escape a sense that in some way it was providential. A look at 5 ways techno-gadgetry is bringing out the worst in humanity. Justice, medieval style: Peter Leeson on the case that "trial by ordeal" actually worked. Why does time fly by as you get older? Robert Krulwich wants to know. Andrew Klavan on Culture v. Reality: Can you spot the difference? From Registan, Joshua Foust on Charlie Wilson, father of the Taliban. A look at the 5 most statistically full of shit national stereotypes. Paleography is Important: Don’t mess with a bunch of pissed-off medievalists. Bill Moyers interviews Thomas Frank, editor of The Baffler, on conservatism and the financial crisis. Much as he dislikes thinking about the Boomers, Joshua Glenn is now going to say a few words about them. The history man and fatwa girl: How will David Cameron take news that think-tank guru Niall Ferguson has deserted wife Sue Douglas for Somali feminist Ayaan Hirsi Ali?


From Foreign Affairs, Charles Ferguson (FAS): The Long Road to Zero: Overcoming the Obstacles to a Nuclear-Free World; and Graham Allison (Harvard): Nuclear Disorder: Surveying Atomic Threats (and more by Allison on a nuclear 9/11). Rolf Mowatt-Larssen (Belfer Center): Al Qaeda Weapons of Mass Destruction Threat: Hype or Reality? An excerpt from Atomic Obsession: Nuclear Alarmism from Hiroshima to Al-Qaeda by John Mueller. A review of The Nuclear Express: A Political History of the Bomb and Its Proliferation by Thomas Reed and Danny Stillman. A panel on Red Cloud at Dawn: Truman, Stalin, and the End of the Atomic Monopoly by Michael Gordin. Rick Pearlstein profiles Garry Wills, author of Bomb Power: The Modern Presidency and the National Security State (and more and more and more and more and more and more and more and more and more). A review of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons by Joseph Cirincione. George Shultz, William Perry, Henry Kissinger, and Sam Nunn on how to protect the American nuclear deterrent. The Doomsday Clock keeps ticking: Governments must change nuclear policy, but they won't find the political will unless the public demands it. Joe Biden on the president's nuclear vision). Bruce Slawter on how US nonproliferation policy is linked to civilian nuclear power. An interview with Mohamed ElBaradei, former head of the IAEA. Shane Maddock on the delicate art of nuclear jujutsu. Believe it or not, there are some potential benefits to the United States should Iran build a bomb. Contrary to popular belief, Israel is not afraid of a nuclear attack by Iran; rather, it fears losing its nuclear monopoly in the region and the image of invincibility that comes with it.

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