Jo Lind (Oslo) and Dominic Rohner (Zurich): Knowledge is Power: A Theory of Information, Income, and Welfare Spending. Wesley Morris on the rise of the NBA nerd: Basketball style and black identity. Adrian Chen’s got his lasso out and damned if he isn’t going to catch the most illustrious stallion on the Internet’s wild frontier, @horse_ebooks. Doomsday Clock moved 1 minute closer to midnight. At Bain Capital, Mitt Romney was a cold, ruthless destroyer of jobs and families — does America need someone like that in the White House? Jim Naureckas on why it's good that Romney has no principles. It's easy to talk about disarmament, it's much harder to get it done: As long as treaties remain purposefully vague — and as long as we create more nuclear technology through the civilian use of nuclear power — disarmament is a fancy illusion. More fundamental than mathematical or statistical literacy, shouldn’t we make “quantitative literacy” a basic and integral part of our education curriculum, beginning in first grade? The cure for math anxiety might be in your head. In Mexico and Latin America, old migratory patterns are changing as migrants move to a wider range of cities and countries, creating regional challenges and opportunities. Bananas from Jersey: Penelope Chester on how the world is losing trillions to tax havens. A look at 5 insane ways fear of masturbation shaped the modern world.

Nicolai N. Petro (URI): Is Ideological Competition in Europe Necessary? From Qualitative Sociology Review, Maritza Felices-Luna (Ottawa): Anti-establishment Armed Groups as Total Institutions: Exploring Transformations of the Self; and Chris Hardnack (Oregon): More than an Activist: Identity Competition and Participation in a Revolutionary Socialist Organization. From Quadrant, Kenneth Minogue on the intellectual left’s treason of the heart. From The Utopian, Timothy Stanley on Thatcher and conservatism. Amid the rough and tumble of partisan politics, it can be hard to admit a liking for someone on the "other side"; eight progressives nominate their favourite Tory. A review of The Strange Non-Death of Neoliberalism by Colin Crouch. Left at the crossroads: Leftist governments in Latin America are facing resistance not only from the right, but from their own bases, as well. Immanuel Wallerstein on the social-democratic illusion. Teabagger Dundee: America exports libertarian revolution to Australia. A review of Domenico Losurdo's Liberalism: A Counter-History (and more). You can download Capitalism Class, & Class Struggle for (ex) Dummies. New Left Project profiles Gustav Landauer, nationalist anarchist. A review of The Conservatives: A History by Robin Harris (and more and more). Siryako Akd on the New Right and what it can offer the rest of the world. Honduras shrugged: Two start-ups want to try out libertarian ideas in the country’s new special development regions. David Ropeik on the roots, and dangers, of pig-headed closed-minded ideological thinking. The historical circumstances created by the implosion of contemporary capitalism requires the radical left, in the North as well as the South, to be bold in formulating its political alternative to the existing system.

From Conversations with History, an interview with Rogers M. Smith on politics and American political ideals. Imagine if the United States really was, as a number of leftists claim to think, “a fascist state”. Josh Rothman on the history of the "Native-American" print. As a Fortune 500 company’s fracking activities in rural West Virginia leave a polluted and drastically altered landscape, locals are fighting back. More on Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America by Richard White. A review of Almost President: The Men Who Lost the Race but Changed the Nation by Scott Farris. Last bastion of American hegemony: The U.S. has lost its indisputable lead in several industries and disciplines, but it still dominates how business leaders the world over think about management. A review of Hollywood Left and Right: How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics by Steven J. Ross. The introduction to Philanthropy in America: A History by Olivier Zunz. Moment of conception: How a radical anti-abortion movement matured. The American State — Power Obscured: An interview with William Novak and James Sparrow on why historians should look at the mutual constitution of state and society. Fred Magdoff on lessons from a long history of dissent: From the early twentieth century to Occupy Wall Street. The real divide in America: It isn't red versus blue, it's individualists versus institutionalists — and the latter may finally be winning. Is Americans' religious freedom under threat? In airports, classrooms and doctors' offices, Christians and religious minorities say, Americans are falling short of the founders' First Amendment ideals.

Jordan M. Singer (NESL): The Mind of the Judicial Voter. From The Jury Expert, an article on the dangers of disgust in the courtroom. An interview with Michelle Shephard, author of A Decade of Fear: Reporting from Terrorism’s Grey Zone. Palantir, the war on terror's secret weapon: A Silicon Valley startup that collates threats has quietly become indispensable to the U.S. intelligence community. E.T. is out there — why can’t we find him? Stop the killer space rocks: The job of saving humanity from extinction currently falls to no one — NASA and other organizations should take it on. From Zeek, Mark Shechner, Thane Rosenbaum and Victoria Aarons on the New Jewish Literature. While it can be argued that the role and sphere of NATO may be declining, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is an entity that is clearly on the rise with the member countries. An interview with Jonathan Haidt, author of The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. Hugh Eakin on the strange power of Qatar. Why we invented monsters: How our primate ancestors shaped our obsession with terrifying creatures. Scientists offer new insight into what to protect of the world's rapidly vanishing languages, cultures, and species. Dark Roasted Blend takes a look at the long tradition of "trolling" big corporations, one hilarious letter at a time. 99 Percenters, meet the Fearsome 40: OWS’s next goal should be to end the filibuster. The Pope’s Pornographic Bathroom: Tony Perrottet visits the Vatican’s most secret chamber. An interview with Ole Bjerg, author of Poker: The Parody of Capitalism. A look at the 6 most WTF protesters ever photographed.

Irus Braverman (SUNY-Buffalo): Zootopia: Utopia and Dystopia in the Zoological Garden. From the Journal for Critical Animal Studies, Corey Lee Wren (CSU): Resisting the Globalization of Speciesism: Vegan Abolitionism as a Site for Consumer-Based Social Change; Paul C. Gorski (GMU): Strategic Oppositionality to the Animal Rights “Antis”: Identity-Building and the United States Sportsmen’s Alliance; an interview with Josh Harper on animal rights history, welfarism and Star Wars; and a review of Muzzling a Movement: The Effects of Anti-terrorism Law, Money, and Politics on Animal Activism by Dara Lovitz. Marelene Zuk on the surprisingly gay world of insect sex. The most surreal insect on Earth: An article on the treehopper "helicopter", from the steamy jungles of your mind. The Cruelest Show on Earth: Bullhooks, whippings, electric shocks, three-day train rides without breaks — a yearlong investigation rips the big top off how Ringling Bros. treats its elephants. From the Annals of Improbable Research, a special issue on Animal Oddities is out. A cry for the tiger: We have the means to save the mightiest cat on Earth — but do we have the will? Military dolphins, medical maggots, pest-control falcons, and more: When the best tool for the job is an animal. Animal studies move from the lab to the lecture hall: Literature professors, sociologists, theologians and others who have studied humans and their doings are joining a growing, but still undefined, field. A look at 5 ridiculous animal myths that you probably believe.

Joost Pauwelyn (HEI): Is it International Law or Not and Does it Even Matter? Peer Zumbansen (York): Comparative, Global and Transnational Constitutionalism: The Emergence of a Transnational Legal-Pluralist Order. Joel P. Trachtman (Tufts): Who Cares About International Human Rights? The Supply and Demand of International Human Rights Law. Matthew Gibney (Oxford): Should Citizenship be Conditional? Denationalization and Liberal Principles. Graziella Romeo (Insubria): Citizenship in the Age of Globalisation. Kyla Reid (Sydney): Against the Right of Self-Determination. Pini Pavel Miretski (HUJ): Delegitimizing or Evolving? The Legality of UN Security Council Resolutions Imposing Duties on Non-State Actors. An excerpt from The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction by Jussi M. Hanhimaki. A review of Who Killed Hammarskjold? by Susan Williams. Philip G. Cerny on his book Rethinking World Politics: A Theory of Transnational Neopluralism. A review of Shifting Visions of Development: International Organizations, Non-Governmental Actors, and the Rise of Global Governance, 1945-1990. Transparency International releases its annual Corruption Perceptions Index for 2011, ranking 183 countries on their level of public accountability. Privatizing the peace: Julian Reid on contracting peace operations to the private sector. A review of The New Global Rulers: The Privatization of Regulation in the World Economy by Tim Butheand and Walter Mattli and Democracy and Dissent: The Challenge of International Rule Making by Frank Vibert.

Dominik Van Aaken (Munich) and Violetta Splitter and David Seidl (Zurich): Why Do Corporate Actors Engage in Pro-Social Behavior? A Bourdieusian Perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility. An interview with Erin Siegal on the search for Maria Fernanda, the role of Christianity in the trafficking of Guatemalan adoptees, and funding the research for her book via Kickstarter. Thomas Frank on why the Tea Party needs Mitt. An interview with Michael A. Lebowitz: "The unifying element in all struggles against capital is the right of everyone to full human development". Welcome to the 2011 Salon Hack List: It's time again to list the worst, most predictable and least interesting pundits in America. From TLS, a review essay on how Egypt’s regime ended. The world's biggest problem is stupidity: The year 2011 has been chock full of idiocy and ignorance. We have been inventing things for millions of years, but which is the best of them? Samantha Weinberg draws up criteria for a series of Big Questions. A look at how names of countries in foreign languages (exonyms) often bear no relationship to the names of the same countries in their own official language or languages (endonyms). The first biography of Mayawati, the contemporary dalit leader, breaks the silence of the Indian elites on a political phenomenon of unusual magnitude. Rome, Sweet Rome: Could a single Marine unit destroy the Roman Empire? James Redford on why libertarian anarchism is apodictically correct. A review of Zoot Suit: The Enigmatic Career of an Extreme Style by Kathy Peiss. A look at 6 pop culture visionaries who get too much credit.

Brian Ribeiro (Tennessee): The Problem of Heaven. From Review of Biblical Literature, a review of The Gospel "According to Homer and Virgil": Cento and Canon by Karl Olav Sandnes; and a review of The Bible in/and Popular Culture: A Creative Encounter. Is the Bible a reliable moral guide? (and a response).No Christian should ever have a least favorite book of the Bible — all Scripture is God-breathed — but it is perfectly permissible, and even desirable, to have a favorite book of the Bible. An interview with John Shelby Spong, author of Reclaiming the Bible for a Non-Religious World. Why did Jesus talk in parables? What Jesus' unique (and often confusing) ministry shows us about our own stories. Fringe view: James F. McGrath on the world of Jesus mythicism. An interview with Miguel De La Torre, author of The Quest for the Historical Satan. Ronald Dworkin on Einstein’s worship, faith and physics, and religion without God. From The Pomegranate, a review of Sacred Terror: Religion and Horror on the Silver Screen by Douglas E. Cowan. Why is religion still alive? Elaine Pangels investigates. Julian Baggini sets out on a pilgrimage towards the truth, picking his way past the noisome swamp of New Atheist controversies, and skirting the forbidding crags of fundamentalism. A review of Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion and Naturalism by Alvin Plantinga. From New Humanist, a review of The God Instinct: The Psychology of Souls, Destiny and the Meaning of Life by Jesse Bering; some secularists believe that any communication with believers amounts to collaboration — Paul Sims isn’t so sure; and social scientist Olivier Roy has been tracking religion for three decades — Caspar Melville talks to him about his new book Holy Ignorance.

Everyone speaks text message: Is technology killing indigenous languages or saving them? Well, you may soon be able to text in N’Ko. Dennis Baron on how to save an endangered language. What if we occupied language? A movement that challenges the power structure of language could help foster the sort of equality the protests aim to achieve. Is this the future of punctuation!?: On the misuse of apostrophe's (did your eye just twitch?) and our increasingly rhetorical language. Gary Girod on the decline and fall of the French language. Resistance may be futile: Are there alternatives to Global English? Google Translate already speaks 57 languages as well as a 10-year-old — how good can it get? A review of Is That a Fish in Your Ear?: Translation and the Meaning of Everything by David Bellos (and more). Tea leaves and lingua francas: Why the future is not easy to predict. From Language on the Move, Ingrid Piller on the politics of subtitling. Linguistic arrow of time: Recent work in linguistics strongly suggests that almost all of the 5000-odd current human languages may have been derived from a single ancient proto-language. A review of German: Biography of a Language by Ruth Sanders. What’s the language of the future? As English takes over the world, it's splintering and changing — and soon, we may not recognize it at all. A review of Babel No More: The Search for the World’s Most Extraordinary Language Learners by Michael Erard. From Mental Floss, a look at wonderful words with no English equivalent (and more). Here are 10 common words you had no idea were onomatopoeias.

Samantha Barbas (Buffalo): How the Movies Became Speech. From, Bernie Rhie (Williams): Wittgenstein on the Face of a Work of Art; Magdalena Ostas (BU): Wordsworth, Wittgenstein, and the Reconstruction of the Everyday (and a response to both essays). How Luther went viral: Five centuries before Facebook and the Arab spring, social media helped bring about the Reformation. Of foxes, hedgehogs and the art of financial forecasting: Professional pundits are not usually paid to make correct forecasts — they are paid to sound convincing. Was Freud really a rationalist? Lie back and let Alfred Tauber convince you. It’s time to return to the smoke-filled rooms of political bosses: Political parties and party discipline have gone the way of the pterodactyl. From Regulation, James Bessen, Jennifer Ford, and Michael J. Meurer on the private and social costs of patent trolls: Do nonpracticing entities benefit society by facilitating markets for technology? Steve Jobs vs. Bill Gates: Who's the bigger genius? The ingredients in the modern app phone — camera, GPS, compass, accelerometer, gyroscope, Internet connection — make it the perfect device for the next wave of software — get ready for augmented reality (AR). The introduction to the forthcoming Pity the Billionaire The Hard-Times Swindle and the Unlikely Comeback of the Right by Thomas Frank. In praise of a second (or third) passport: Multiple identities are natural — citizenship laws should catch up. Hundreds of tiny moons may be orbiting Earth. The first chapter from Strings Attached: Untangling the Ethics of Incentives by Ruth W. Grant. From NYRB, a review of Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson. From Cracked, a look at the Top 8 of Everything of 2011. Linda Holmes on the 20 unhappiest people you meet in the comments sections of year-end lists.