Kamiar Mohaddes and M. Hashem Pesaran (Cambridge): One Hundred Years of Oil Income and the Iranian Economy: A Curse or a Blessing? Hassen Chaabani (Monastir): Insights on the History of Anthropology: Its Emergence in the Wider Middle East Before It Existed as a Discipline. Olivia Mason reviews Image Politics in the Middle East: The Role of The Visual in Political Struggle by Lina Khatib. Why is the Arab world so easily offended? Fouad Ajami wants to know. What’s it like being a stand-up comic in Saudi Arabia? The terrible twos: Can Washington prevent the turbulent Arab Spring countries from going the way of the post-Soviet states? Many Americans find Jesus in prison; Abdullah Ocalan, the revered and despised leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), found Benedict Anderson. Fred Kaplan on the coming collapse of the Middle East: The region's borders have long been artificial — the war in Iraq accelerated their demise.
Richard Avramenko (Wisconsin) and Richard Boyd (Georgetown): Subprime Virtues: The Moral Dimensions of American Housing and Mortgage Policy. Daniel Altman on the United Petrostates of America: Ordinary Americans are about to find out why they call it the “resource curse”. I know what The Shining is really about: A new documentary, Room 237, explores the many meanings that obsessive fans of The Shining have extracted from Kubrick’s film. Africa's richest man, Aliko Dangote, is just getting started. The ache for immortality: The Voyager probes speed on with their messages of humility and greatness, strange memorials to a spacefaring age. Want to find aliens? Look for their detritus. Christian Pearce reviews Arming and Disarming: A History of Gun Control in Canada by R. Blake Brown. A Burmese neo-Nazi movement is rising against Muslims.
Jonny Anomaly (Duke): Is Obesity a Public Health Problem? Allison K. Hoffman (UCLA) and Howell E. Jackson (Harvard): Retiree Out-of-Pocket Healthcare Spending: A Study of Consumer Expectations and Policy Implications. I. Glenn Cohen (Harvard): The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues. Michael F. Cannon (Cato): 50 Vetoes: How States Can Stop the Obama Health Care Law. From The Washington Monthly, Phillip Longman on the Republican case for waste in health care: Conservatives love to apply “cost-benefit analysis” to government programs — except in health care; in fact, working with drug companies and warning of “death panels”, they slipped language into Obamacare banning cost-effectiveness research. The ignored scandal: Helen Epstein reviews Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America’s Children by Gerald Markowitz and David Rosner.
A new issue of OnEarth is out. Masatoshi Jinno (Toyo): The Impact of Immigration Under the Defined-benefit Pension System: An Analysis Incorporating Assimilation Costs. Daniel H. Levine (Maryland): Some Considerations for Civilian-Peacekeeper Protection Alliances. In a global crisis, should USIP take charge? From Curator, what would happen if everyone in the film industry voluntarily covenanted not to show positive gun violence for a year? Sorina Higgins investigates (and part 2). Jon Terbush on how the gun-law backlash made the NRA stronger: As an assault weapons ban fizzles, the NRA is enjoying some of its best fundraising ever. Is the deforestation of central Africa caused by man or climate? Stars love: Celebrity humanitarianism is moving beyond Western countries; it is increasingly becoming a trend among emerging markets.
From The New York Times' The Stone blog, was Wittgenstein right? The man who insisted that Western philosophy was based in confusion and wishful thinking is not popular among philosophers — but he should not be dismissed (and a response). Walter D Mignolo on non-European thinkers and philosophers (and more). What is feminist philosophy? Nancy Bauer talks about what attracted her to the field of philosophy and what made her remain there. Virginia Held is the philosopher of care ethics which she thinks is a feminist ethics that preserves the persuasive aspects of kantian, utilitarian and virtue ethics but is better. James Diamond reviews The Quest for God and the Good: World Philosophy as a Living Experience by Diana Lobel. Philosophy is literally the "love of wisdom" — but what does it mean to love, pursue, and possess wisdom? Tom Morris on the Philosopher King of Reality TV.
A new issue of Human Rights and Human Welfare is out. Robin Bradley Kar (Illinois): The Psychological Foundations of Human Rights. Utsav Gandhi (Nirma): State Sovereignty as a Major Hurdle to Human Rights. Andrew T. Guzman and Katerina Linos (UC-Berkeley): Human Rights Backsliding. Guy Aitchison (UCL): The Agonistic Dimension of Rights. Fabienne Peter (Warwick): The Human Right to Political Participation. From Constellations, a special section on Human Rights, ed. Rainer Forst, Stefan Gosepath, and Christoph Menke. From the Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, a review essay on the basics of human rights from interdisciplinary approaches by Yves Laberge. The introduction to Philosophical Dimensions of Human Rights by Claudio Corradetti. Maggie Murphy on “traditional values” vs human rights at the UN.
Margaret Kohn (Toronto): Privatization and Protest: Occupy Wall Street, Occupy Toronto, and the Occupation of Public Space in a Democracy. Endless rewriting print: When novice writer Helen Hazen received a letter from Jacques Barzun, asking her to write a book, how could she have know what she was in for? Keeping the dream alive: Canada and South Africa once seemed the closest of allies — what happened? Chadwick Matlin goes inside the GIF-Industrial Complex: How the animated image file took over the Internet. From Moneyball to Money Bombs: Rob Bluey on what sports analytics can teach political nerds. The Unnaturals: What to think when a player looks like a rocker, a Fiat mechanic, a cable guy, a terrorist — anything but the very competitive athlete he is. Scott McLemee reviews A Palette of Particles by Jeremy Bernstein.
Thomas Oatley, W. Kindred Winecoff, and Sarah Bauerle Danzman (UNC) and Andrew Pennock (Brown): The Political Economy of Global Finance: A Network Model. The first chapter from The Bankers' New Clothes: What's Wrong with Banking and What to Do about It by Anat Admati and Martin Hellwig. William Carroll reviews The Evil Axis of Finance: The US-Japan-China Stranglehold on the Global Future by Richard Westra. The history of finance capitalism in the United States: Natascha van der Zwan reviews Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink by Louis Hyman, Capitalizing on Crisis: The Political Origins of the Rise of Finance by Greta R. Krippner, and When Wall Street Met Main Street: The Quest for an Investors' Democracy by Julia C. Ott. Financial reform is being dismantled — why Doesn't President Obama seem to care?
John Denvir (USF): Watching Television Can Change the World: The Wire as Critique. Tommy J. Curry (Texas A&M): Capital Noir: [W]hite Supremacy, Prisons and the Road to Perdition in The Wire. Can we teach computers what “truth” means? It’s harder than it sounds. From io9, George Dvorsky on the 25 coolest catch phrases for scientific concepts; and are popular scientists becoming modern day preachers? From On Think Tanks, Ileana Avalos, interviews Jorge Vargas Cullell, Adjunct Director of the State of the Nation Program. The Prospect Think Tank Pages is a hub for think tanks around the world and for debate about their best new work on political, social and economic policy. You can download Environmental Economics: An Integrated Approach by Philip Graves. Who controls the money? Lisa Elkins Goodman investigates.
From Texas Observer, universities criticized for over-emphasizing race, gender and class issues in history. A long way from February 1, 1960: Goodbye Black Studies. Neil Gross on the actual politics of professors. Anne Hendershott on the Orwellian world of Catholic higher education. A look at how Virginia’s Liberty University has transformed into an evangelical mega-university. Joseph E. Davis interviews Andrew Delbanco, author of College: What It Was, Is, and Should Be. Higher and higher ed: Will no one stop the rising cost of college? Kevin Carey on fixing financial aid: For 40 years, federal money has sustained higher education while enabling its worst tendencies. The myth of the meritocracy: Brilliant but poor kids are not even applying to top colleges. Reuben Fischer-Baum and Tom Scocca on the names that get you into Yale — or keep you out.