From The Atlantic, Adrienne LaFrance on how the Moon became a real place: Once humans stepped on, smelled, and tasted the lunar surface — our relationship with it changed forever. A revealing new history of the Apollo moon landings holds lessons for today. Matthew Tribbe on why we don’t go to the moon anymore. What will it take to get us back to the Moon? Jekan Thanga explains. Whose moon is it anyway? Rachel Riederer on how the development of property rights on the moon — and in outer space in general — is on the horizon. Space, the next startup frontier: Where nanosats boldly go, new businesses will follow — unless they are smothered with excessive regulations. MP Ferreira-Snyman (South Africa): Legal Challenges Relating to the Commercial Use of Outer Space, with Specific Reference to Space Tourism. Chuck Thompson on how he fell out of love with space tourism. Justin Bachman on the Virgin Galactic crash and the risks of space tourism. Adam Rogers on how space tourism isn’t worth dying for. Two accidents, even though one was fatal, should not stop private enterprise from going into space. We must explore space: Michael Franti on why we must not give up on the final frontier. Audra Mitchell (York): The World is Not Enough: Space Colonization, Posthumanism and Postcolonial Critique in an Age of Extinction. Annalee Newitz on 8 things we can do now to build a space colony this century. Sarah Scoles on what it will take to become an interstellar civilization. Forget Interstellar: America’s doing less to travel to space than ever before. Rather humiliatingly, American astronauts going to the International Space Station have to hitch a ride with the Russians — what to do about this is the subject of a bitter battle. Micah Singleton on how the United Arab Emirates is creating its own space agency. Roberto A. Ferdman on how the U.S. still spends more on space than every other country combined. America: where we love space, but hate science.

Balca Arda (York): The Medium of the Gezi Movement in Turkey: Viral Pictures as a Tool of Resistance. The sacred and its discontents: Kaya Genc reviews Muslim Nationalism and the New Turks by Jenny White. Can Turkish multiculturalism survive the Islamic State? Nick Danforth and Daphne McCurdy wonder. Why is Tunisian democracy succeeding while the Turkish model is failing? Slaves of Happiness Island: Molly Crabapple on Abu Dhabi and the dark side of high art. David B. Roberts on why Qatar tries to make nice with everyone from Israel to al-Qaeda. James Dawson on why Britain created monarchies in the Middle East. A survey finds Middle Easterners see religious and ethnic hatred as top global threat. Lindsay Benstead on why some Arabs don’t want democracy. Muqtedar Khan (Delaware): Has Modernity failed the Muslim World? Quinn Mecham on the evolution of Islamism since the Arab uprisings. Steven A. Cook, Jacob Stokes, and Alexander Brock on the new Arab Cold War: As the United States steps away from the Middle East, its allies have tried to fill the void — with disastrous results. Katie Zavadski on a guide to the many groups fighting in Iraq and Syria. Is there an answer for Syria? Jessica T. Mathews investigates. Hakan Topal on the overlooked besieged alternative in the Middle East — the Rojava Cantons. John Hagan, Joshua Kaiser, and Anna R. Hanson (Northwestern): The Theory of Legal Cynicism and Sunni Insurgency in Post-Invasion Iraq. Kurdistan is considered the "success story" of the Iraq War — not so fast. Matthew Wills on the Kurds: In the middle of the Middle East. Serhun Al on debating a Kurdish state. You can download Mapping of the Arab Left: Contemporary Leftist Politics in the Arab East, ed. Jamil Hilal and Katja Hermann (2014). More good news from the Middle East: Adam Garfinkle on the brighter side of the not-so-good headlines dominating the news.

Eugene Kontorovich (Northwestern): Non-Recognition and Economic Dealings with Occupied Territories. Federica D’Alessandra (Harvard): Israel's Associated Regime: Exceptionalism, Human Rights and Alternative Legality. Ami Pedahzur (Texas): The Silent Victory of the Israeli Settlers. Mazen Masri (City): The Implications of the Acquisition of a New Nationality for the Right of Return of Palestinian Refugees. Bree Akesson (Wilfrid Laurier): On the Narrow Edge between Anger and Hope: Development of Place Identity and Notions of Nation-State for Palestinian Children and Families. Daniel Whittall reviews Gaza: A History by Jean-Pierre Filiu. As residents of the Gaza Strip try to recover from the worst war in decades, the world — and Israel — must understand that the status quo is unsustainable. A PTSD nation: James S. Gordon on how Gaza isn’t just a physical wreck — the psychological damage is even worse. Schadenfreude in Gaza: The psychology of intergroup conflict explains how we can restore empathy toward bitter enemies. Visualizing the occupation: Benoit Challand on lessons from the maps of the war on Gaza. From Commentary, Jonathan S. Tobin on how Abbas’s Palestine is the real apartheid state; and on Palestinian opinion and the apartheid libel. Will Mahmoud Abbas reject Israeli protection? Steven J. Rosen wonders. From The New Yorker, Ruth Margalit on the politics of prayer at the Temple Mount. The introduction to Defining Neighbors: Religion, Race, and the Early Zionist-Arab Encounter by Jonathan Marc Gribetz. Thomas E. Peterson reviews The Dogs of the Sinai by Franco Fortini. A tripartite drama: Maurice Chammah interviews Lawrence Wright on the Camp David Accords, on stage and on the page. Terrance Ross on how Middle East Studies professors handle bias in the classroom.

Eliav Lieblich and Yoram Shachar (IDC): Cosmopolitanism at a Crossroads: Hersch Lauterpacht and the Israeli Declaration of Independence. Brandi Price and Tad D. Ransopher (Georgia State): The Separation of Church and State: An Israeli Example. Ruth E. Gavison (HUJI): Reflections on the Meaning and Justification of “Jewish” in the Expression “A Jewish and Democratic State”. David Lloyd reviews Deconstructing Zionism: A Critique of Political Metaphysics by Gianni Vattimo and Michael Marder. Ian Buruma on reading Israel from Left to Right. Alexander Yakobson (HUJI): Is Israeli Society Disintegrating? Doomsday Prophecies and Facts on the Ground. Nahed Habiballah on Israel’s culture of violence. For Israel, defense may be the best defense: The old mantra that offense is the best defense might no longer be true for Israel. Douglas Birch and R. Jeffrey Smith on Israel's worst-kept secret: Is the silence over Israeli nukes doing more harm than good? Naftali Bennett on how for Israel, two-state is no solution. John B. Judis on how AIPAC is in decline — but so are hopes for a two-state solution. David Remnick on Israel’s one-state reality: Amid an atmosphere of increasing intolerance, Israel’s conservative President calls for civility — and pays a price. James Bamford on Israel’s N.S.A. scandal: Is American intelligence data being used to persecute Palestinians? Daniel W. Drezner on why Israel is an awkward fit in America’s current foreign policy divide. Nathan Thrall on Israel and the US: The delusions of our diplomacy. Why are U.S. officials trash-talking Netanyahu? Jeffrey Goldberg on how the crisis in U.S.-Israel relations is officially here. Whether lies or b.s., Netanyahu's interviews pose special challenges for journalists. Hussein Ibish on how Palestinians must tread carefully as US-Israel ties falter.

Leonardo Becchetti, Nazaria Solferino, and Maria Elisabetta Tessitore (Rome): How to Safeguard World Heritage Sites? A Theoretical Model of “Cultural Responsibility”. Stephen Ziliak (Roosevelt): Honest Abe Was a Co-Op Dude: How the G.O.P. Can Save America from Despotism. Jan Brezger (Berlin) and Andreas Cassee (Zurich): Jurisdiction without Exclusion: What’s Wrong with Institutionalist Arguments for a Right to Exclude Immigrants? Sarah Zhang on how much money Big Cable gave the politicians who oversee the Internet. From The Washington Monthly, a special issue on what we’re learning about economic equality and growth — more equality means more prosperity; and let’s pay for the government we get: Bill White on why, someday soon, middle-class taxes will have to go up. David Leonhardt on the Great Wage Slowdown, looming over politics. Jamelle Bouie on the Disunited States of America: Gridlock is only a symptom — why our democracy may be hardwired to fail for a generation. James Robertson writes in defence of Russell Brand: “Brand is using his celebrity to draw attention to the stories the media ignores”. Chris Lehmann on the Christ nexus and Professor David Brat. Cezary Podkul on how Wall Street tobacco deals left states with billions in toxic debt. Andrew Gelman on why California is so liberal and Alabama is so conservative. Fire Valerie Jarrett: If Obama really wants to shake things up, his closest adviser should be the first to go. The Obama Whisperer: No one has understood Valerie Jarrett's role, until now (and Matthew Yglesias on the real reason Valerie Jarrett is the most hated person in Washington: The partisan presidency has created a dirty job that someone has to do, and she's the one).

Andreas Gottardis (Stockholm): Reconsidering the Concept of Emancipation in Critical Theory. Michael J. Thompson (William Paterson): The Neo-Idealist Paradigm Shift in Contemporary Critical Theory. From critical theory to psychological warfare — how Frankfurt School intellectuals fought the Nazi enemy: Ulrich Plass reviews Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort by Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, and Otto Kirchheimer (ed. Raffaele Laudani). Craig Shrimpton (Goldsmiths): Fascism in Benjamin's Historical Materialism: Crisis and the Aestheticisation of Politics. Joel White reviews Working with Walter Benjamin: Recovering a Political Philosophy by Andrew Benjamin. Fallen angel: Ian Penman on the tragic life and enduring influence of critic Walter Benjamin. From TNR’s series “Book that changed my mind”, Stephanie LaCava: “Walter Benjamin was my first crush”. Barbarism: Anna-Verena Nosthoff on notes on the thought of Theodor W. Adorno. In hell everything is hellish: John P. Merrick reviews Critical Theory and the Critique of Political Economy: On Subversion and Negative Reason by Werner Bonefeld. Timo Jutten (Essex): Is the Market a Sphere of Social Freedom? From Constellations, Rutger Claassen (Utrecht): Social Freedom and the Demands of Justice: A Study of Honneth's Recht Der Freiheit; a special section on History and Politics of Recognition. Nicole Doerr (Harvard): Between Habermas and Ranciere: The Democracy of Political Translation. Peggy H. Breitenstein reviews The Power of Tolerance: A Debate by Wendy Brown and Rainer Forst. Raymond Geuss on the idea of a critical theory.

Pawel Smaga (SGH): Post-Crisis Challenges for Central Banks. Six years after the global crisis, the recovery is still anaemic despite years of near-zero interest rates and extraordinary central bank manoeuvres; this eBook gathers the thinking of leading economists on whether “secular stagnation” to blame. The world economy is even more fragile and prone to panic than before: Danny Vinik interviews Martin Wolf, author of The Shifts and the Shocks: What We’ve Learned — and Have Still to Learn — from the Financial Crisis (and more and more). The credit rating agencies are up to their old tricks again: We still haven't fixed the credit rating agencies' perverse incentives. Why do people on Wall Street make so much money? Thirty years of financial deregulation have freed Wall Street to grab as much money as possible. Barry Ritholtz on the biggest lie of the new century. Michael Lewis on occupational hazards of working on Wall Street. When she talks, banks shudder: In a quest for tougher rules on banking, Anat R. Admati, an industry gadfly, is rapidly gaining a broader audience. Jennifer Taub (Vermont): Reforming the Banks for Good. P. M. Vasudev (Ottawa): Ethics in Finance: Social Contracts and Beyond. The empire of edge: Patrick Radden Keefe on how a doctor, a trader, and the billionaire Steven A. Cohen got entangled in a vast financial scandal. A look at the foreign exchange scandal that could finally send Wall Street bankers to jail. Ben Protess and Jessica Silver-Greenberg on how big banks face another round of charges. Why didn’t Eric Holder go after the bankers? John Cassidy wonders. Can we please put some bankers in jail now? With Eric Holder leaving the Justice Department, Washington has a chance to get serious about prosecuting financial crimes — but what exactly has been the holdup? Finally, Wall Street gets put on trial: We can still hold the 0.1 percent responsible for tanking the economy.

Will Kymlicka (Queen’s): The Essentialist Critique of Multiculturalism: Theories, Policies, Ethos. Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers (Baltimore): What is the Rule of Law and Why is It so Important? Rob Frieden (Penn State): What's New in the Network Neutrality Debate. Marvin Ammori on the case for net neutrality: What’s wrong with Obama’s Internet policy. John Judis on how Obama's net neutrality statement will start a war on K Street. The Supreme Court's surprising decision on Friday to take a case aimed at invalidating federal Obamacare subsidies for millions of Americans foreshadows troubling news for the health care law, legal experts say (and more by Scott Lemieux). Yes, the Republican Obamacare strategy will kill people: Jonathan Chait on how the trolley problem is the most flattering possible way to think about the conservative movement’s fanatical commitment to repealing Obamacare. What should we take away from Tuesday’s election results? Rich Yeselson on six points on the midterm elections. The inevitability trap: Ryan Lizza on Hillary Clinton and the drawbacks of being the front-runner. Max Ehrenfreund on how the fall of the Berlin Wall could teach America a lot about its own border. A Catalan compromise: Diego Muro on how to solve Spain's secession crisis. Why beheading is “the ultimate tyranny”: Anthropologist Frances Larson’s research on the iconic power of human heads suggests why decapitation holds special horror. From Marxist Left Review, Max Lane on Indonesian trade unions and the regeneration of radical politics. Libby Nelson on how the first book written about Millennials made a lot of terrible predictions. Have you heard? Gossip is actually good and useful.

Cadell Last (VUB): Global Brain and the Future of Human Society. Yochai Ataria (HUJI) and Yuval Neria (Columbia): Consciousness-Body-Time: How Do People Think Lacking Their Body? Joshua May (UAB): On the Very Concept of Free Will. Zachary Thomas Martin (FSU): Are We Free? Psychology’s Challenges to Free Will. Manuel Vargas (USF): Neuroscience and the Exaggerated Death of Responsibility. Forgotten pioneers of the science of the mind: Adam Kuper reviews Headhunters: The Search for a Science of the Mind by Ben Shephard. What could be more interesting than how the mind works? Colleen Walsh interviews Steven Pinker. Is there such a thing as the self? Jim Holt reviews Self by Barry Dainton and Me, Myself and Why: Searching for the Science of the Self by Jennifer Ouellette. Consciousness on-off switch has been discovered deep in brain. Matthew R. Francis on how quantum and consciousness often mean nonsense: Lots of things are mysterious — that doesn’t mean they’re connected. Greg Miller goes inside the strange new world of DIY brain stimulation. Mapping the terrain: The introduction to Free Will and Moral Responsibility, ed. Ishtiyaque Haji and Justin Caouette. Does this brain research prove that humiliation is the most intense human emotion? When people are isolated from human contact, their mind can do some truly bizarre things, says Michael Bond — why does this happen? Brawn v brain: Human beings are brainy weaklings. Can the nervous system be hacked? Welcome to the brave new world of bioelectronics: implants that can communicate directly with the nervous system in order to try to fight everything from cancer to the common cold. Are we free? Daniel Dennett on how neuroscience gives the wrong answer. Gabrielle Benette Jackson on neurophilosophy and its discontents: How do we understand consciousness without becoming complicit in that understanding? The introduction to Do Zombies Dream of Undead Sheep? A Neuroscientific View of the Zombie Brain by Timothy Verstynen and Bradley Voytek.

From the Journal of Economic Perspectives, a symposium on classic ideas in development. Andy Sumner (King's) and Sergio Tezanos Vazquez (Cantabria): How Has the Developing World Changed Since the Late 1990s? A Dynamic and Multidimensional Taxonomy of Developing Countries. Nancy Birdsall and Christian Johannes Meyer (CGD): The Median is the Message: A Good-Enough Measure of Material Well-Being and Shared Development Progress. Carl Mosk (Victoria): Liberal Nationalism, Religious Nationalism, and the Human Development Index. Jason Hickel (LSE): The “Girl Effect”: Liberalism, Empowerment and the Contradictions of Development. Michael J. Trebilcock (Toronto): Between Theories of Trade and Development: The Future of the World Trading System. Juan Felipe Riano-Rodriguez (Andes): More than Words and Good Intentions: The Political Agenda-Setting Power Behind Foreign Aid Mechanisms. Sundhya Pahuja (Melbourne): Global Poverty and the Politics of Good Intentions. Yumeka Hirano (World Bank) and Shigeru Otsubo (Nagoya): Aid Is Good for the Poor. Edwin Goni (IDB) and William F. Maloney (World Bank): Why Don't Poor Countries Do R&D? Stefan Dercon (Oxford): Is Green Growth Good for the Poor? Annie-Rose Strasser on the new, innovative and more efficient way of feeding people. What if your humanitarian donations are making things worse? Martha Nussbaum reviews The Great Escape: Health, Wealth, and the Origins of Inequality by Angus Deaton. Please do not teach this woman to fish: Daniel Altman on why poor countries have too many entrepreneurs and not enough factory workers. Public versus private education: Justin Sandefur, Kevin Watkins, and Duncan Green on what the debate in the developing world teaches us. From the UNDP, a report on “Barriers and Opportunities at the Base of the Pyramid: The Role of the Private Sector in Inclusive Development”.

From the inaugural issue of SLACE, Charles M. Sprock Jr. (Syracuse): Marriage is (a Fundamental Right) an Option; Elizabeth Brake (Arizona State): Recognizing Care: The Case for Friendship and Polyamory; and Matthew L. Clemente reviews What is Marriage? Man and Woman: A Defense by Sherif Girgis, Ryan T. Anderson and Robert P. George. Mark Beeson (Murdoch): Can Asia’s Alliances Still Keep the Peace? From The Qualitative Report, a series of essays on the journal and letters of Edward Bliss Emerson (1805-1834), a younger brother of the renowned essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson, who lived in the Danish Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico for the final three years of his life. Why are Americans so fascinated with extreme fitness? Heather Havrilesky investigates. Melvin P. Leffler on how the free market did not bring down the Berlin Wall: The United States has misinterpreted the end of Communism for a quarter of a century — it's time to set the record straight. Mary Elise Sarotte on how the Berlin Wall really fell. Did journalists’ questions topple the Berlin Wall? At a 1989 news conference, a flummoxed East German official implied that the Wall was open — and the rest is history. East Germany decided to topple the Berlin Wall in a smoking break. Matthew Wills on escapist humor in East and West Berlin. Tyler Cowen on a strategy for rich countries: Absorb more immigrants. How did the FBI break Tor? Kashmir Hill investigates. Chicken of tomorrow: Andrew Lawler on how a massive breeding contest turned a rarely eaten backyard bird into the technological marvel that feeds the world. Katie Zavadski on how Obama is still pen pals with Iran’s Ayatollah Khamenei.

David Michael Jaros (Baltimore): Preempting the Police. From Mother Jones, Shane Bauer on the making of the warrior cop: Do police really need grenade launchers? A new study reveals the limitations of videotaping cops (and everyone else). Peter Moskowitz on why broken windows policing is so broken. Samuel W. Buell (Duke): “White Collar” Crimes. Lucian E. Dervan (SIU): The Quest for Finality: Five Stories of White Collar Criminal Prosecution. Geraldine Szott Moohr (Houston): White Collar Crime Goes to the Movies. Before the law: A boy was accused of taking a backpack — the courts took the next three years of his life. Tinkering with the machinery of death: Should two children be imprisoned for plotting to kill their classmates? Yes, mass shootings are occurring more often: New research from Harvard shows a chilling rise in public mass shootings — and debunks a popular claim that they haven't increased. Wayne A. Logan (Florida State): After the Cheering Stopped: Decriminalization and Legalism’s Limits. Murat C. Mungan (Florida State): On the Sealing of Criminal Records, Stigma and Deterrence. Kimberly Bailey (Chicago-Kent): Watching Me: The War on Crime, Privacy, and the State. Collateral damage: The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers on America's failure to forgive or forget in the war on crime. Is this the end of “tough on crime”? Emily Badger wonders. Jonathan Blanks on how our criminal justice system is making it really hard for people to find jobs. Jed S. Rakoff on why innocent people plead guilty. Travis Hreno (Akron): Jury Nullification and the Bad Faith Juror. Dawinder S. Sidhu (New Mexico): Moneyball Sentencing. Paul H. Robinson et al: The American Criminal Code: General Defenses. The introduction to The Constitution and the Future of Criminal Justice in America, ed. John T. Parry and L. Song Richardson.