Trump gives white supremacists an unequivocal boost. Donald Trump has a very clear attitude about morality: He doesn't believe in it. Charlottesville is a big test for Justice Department under Sessions. Jeet Heer on Trump’s racism and the myth of “cultural Marxism”. “You will not replace us”: French philosopher Renaud Camus explains the Charlottesville chant. Why Trump’s Jewish backers love the alt-Right: The shocking mainstreaming of anti-Semitism reinforces the Jewish right’s worldview and its support of Israel’s hard-right fringe. After Charlottesville, white pastors are asking: are we complicit?

“Barack Obama is to blame”: 13 Alabama conservatives on Charlottesville. Advice for white men when talking about racism and sexism. Psychologists surveyed hundreds of alt-Right supporters; he results are unsettling. Doxxing white supremacists is making them terrified. Anonymous declares war on the alt-right in new video. Trump asks, “what about the alt-Left?” Here’s an answer. A letter to my liberal friends: Laurie Penny on how the road to fascism is paved with good intentions. Charlottesville gives tech companies an opportunity to finally take a stand. Companies are amoral machines and CEOs just polish the gears.

The battle for memory and forgetting started immediately. What Trump gets wrong about Confederate statues, in one chart. The conservative National Review is calling for the removal of Confederate monuments from public spaces. Why slippery slope arguments should not stop us from removing Confederate monuments. Josephine Livingstone on racism, medievalism, and the white supremacists of Charlottesville. The book that explains Charlottesville: Marshall Steinbaum reviews Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth Plan for America by Nancy MacLean (and more). Samuel Hammond on explaining white nationalism’s anti-statist bedfellows.

Lauren Duca on how “nice white people” benefit from Charlottesville and white supremacy: Stop furrowing your brow over “the partisan divide”, and loudly declare your position in this fight against hatred. Well-educated elites are no strangers to white supremacy. To tackle neo-Nazis, we must treat its “thinkers” like thugs. White House wonders if it’s safe to fire Steve Bannon. Firing Steve Bannon won’t change Donald Trump. GOP chairmen resist hearings on white supremacy. Republicans have enabled Trump’s white supremacy every step of the way (and more and more). Bill Kristol: “They started by rationalizing Trump. They ended by rationalizing slavery”. What will Republicans do now? Every Trump official with a conscience must resign.

Today marked the beginning of the end of Trump: After his performance today, no one can pooh-pooh away the possibility of the president empowering people who want a race war. Is America headed for a new kind of civil war? Gary Shteyngart: “Will Trump lead us into a civil war or nuclear holocaust first? Anyone taking bets?” “Always a tweet”.

Louise Hecht (Palacky): Between Toleration and Emancipation: The Self-Empowerment of Jewish Intellectuals in the Habsburg Monarchy. Charlotte Shane on how Rebecca Solnit became essential feminist reading. Peter Derk on William Powell and The Anarchist Cookbook: A Defense. The first chapter from Mate Choice: The Evolution of Sexual Decision Making from Microbes to Humans by Gil G. Rosenthal. Congress is playing chicken with a debt-limit increase — and it could be the end of the filibuster. The introduction to Max Weber and German Social Democracy: A Study on the Relationship between the Liberal Bourgeoisie and the Labor Movement in Imperial Germany (1882-1899) by Victor Strazzeri.

Michael J. Thompson (William Patterson): The Common Good as a Principle of Social Justice. Dorina Patrunsu (Bucharest): Justice as Fair Maximal Utility: Rationality vs. Reasonability in the Political Democratic Institutions. Samuli Seppanen (CUHK): Rawls Rejected, Ignored and Radicalised: Debating Procedural Justice in China. Simon Caney (Oxford): The Right to Resist Global Injustice. Lior Erez (EUI): Anti-Cosmopolitanism and the Motivational Preconditions for Social Justice. Marta Soniewicka (Jagiellonian): The Necessary Condition of the Emergence of Just Normative Orders: Non-Domination vs. Simple Equality.

Albion Butters (Turku): Changing Faces of Change: Metanarratives in the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election. Chickenhawk in Chief: The president believed someone should be over in Vietnam fighting — so long as it wasn’t him. Fact-checking of Trump falling on deaf ears? Far from it. Trump TV is so disturbing that even GOP media outlets are getting nervous. Media scholar on Trump TV: “This is Orwellian, and it’s happening right now, right here”. Study: Trump’s actions are directly responsible for rising health care premiums. On Trump approval, asking “Why?” reveals differences by education, within GOP. Bob Dreyfus on Sebastian Gorka, the West Wing’s phony foreign-policy guru.

Hershey H. Friedman (CUNY): The Dangers of Overconfidence and Absolute Certainty in the Age of Post-Truth, Junk Science, and Arrogance. If Trump’s McConnell bashing is a strategy, it’s a dumb one. Trump’s weakness against Putin is on display — again. Combative Trump pulls his punches for one man: Putin (and more). Morning Joe asks what Putin has on Trump: “It must be extraordinary”. Kelly revamping Trump’s policy operation after string of failures. The fringe at the wheel: Josh Marshall goes inside the Cernovich/McMaster derp war. Jeet Heer‏: “Inspired by @CherylRofer, I have a few thoughts on ‘Cultural Marxism,’ Marcuse, John Wayne, the John Birch Society & anti-Semitism”.

Why does the Trump administration have such terrible spelling? Rich CEOs are the big winners of Trump’s race war: Trump is devastating racial minorities while distracting his base from a plutocratic agenda. Jeremy McCarter on Randolph Bourne, the critic who refuted Trump’s world view — in 1916. Welcome to the third nuclear era: Sarah Kendzior on Trump and the point of no return. “We knew this, but still”.

From ADL, a backgrounder from alt Right to alt Lite: Naming the hate. “Young white guys are hopping mad”: Confidence grows at far-right gathering of American Renaissance. “The alt-Right side of history will prevail” — so says William H. Regnery, the wealthy fringe Republican bankrolling white nationalist Richard Spencer. White supremacists don’t think they have power? Look at the voting laws in the states they come from. Squeezed out by Silicon Valley, the far Right is creating its own corporate world. Right-wing troll Mike Cernovich says he’s doing a “big pivot” away from Trump: “Backing Trump has been bad for business” (and more).

Where in the world is Andrew Anglin, America’s leading neo-Nazi troll? Meet Hatreon, the new favorite website of the alt-Right. The alt-Right goes panhandling: When all digital spaces are controlled by liberal snowflakes, how’s a guy supposed to earn a living promoting hate online? For the new far Right, YouTube has become the new talk radio. Goodbye, Pepe: Angela Nagle on the end of the alt-Right. How to think about the alt-Right: Sean Illing interviews Angela Nagle, author of Kill All Normies: Online Culture Wars from 4Chan and Tumblr to Trump and the Alt-Right (and more and more and more). How to tell if you’re a neo-Nazi.

Anti-hate group Southern Poverty Law Center has this advice for when the alt-Right comes to campus. The Left’s supporting role in American hate theater: White supremacists from the KKK to the alt-Right hold rallies solely to troll liberals and they’re succeeding — it’s time for a new resistance strategy.

The complicated origins of a universal idea: Anver M. Emon and Daniel Steinmetz-Jenkins review The Idea of the Muslim World by Cemil Aydin. The Islamic road to the modern world: Malise Ruthven reviews The Islamic Enlightenment: The Struggle Between Faith and Reason, 1798 to Modern Times by Christopher de Bellaigue and Freedom in the Arab World: Concepts and Ideologies in Arabic Thought in the Nineteenth Century by Wael Abu-Uksa. Ussama Makdisi (Rice): The Mythology of the Sectarian Middle East. Why the myth of Sunni-Shia conflict defines Middle East policy — and why it shouldn’t. An interview with Suzanne Schneider on the modern Middle East.

How to lose every war in the Middle East: A winning (losing) formula would look something like rush headlong into new conflicts, create failed states, prop up dictatorships, alienate the public — sound familiar? There is no good answer in the Middle East.

From Slavic Review, a symposium on Global Populisms. Lorenzo Viviani (MIUR): A Political Sociology of Populism and Leadership. Ronald Inglehart (Michigan) and Pippa Norris (Harvard): Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse. Rogers Brubaker on populism’s perfect storm. Richard Berry reviews Populism: A Very Short Introduction by Cas Mudde and Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser. What does “the crowd” want? Salman Hussain on populism and the origin of democracy. The rise of populism shouldn’t have surprised anyone: Ana Swanson interviews Dani Rodrik. Economics of the populist backlash: The populist backlash to globalisation should not have come as a surprise, in light of economic history and economic theory. Dan Kopf on a simple explanation of how free trade leads to populism.

Sheri Berman (Barnard): The Pipe Dream of Undemocratic Liberalism. Jeffrey C. Isaac (Indiana): Is There Illiberal Democracy? A Problem with no Semantic Solution (and responses by Jan-Werner Mueller, Andras Bozoki, and Ewa Atanassow). Branko Milanovic on multi-party kleptocracies rather than illiberal democracies. Fareed Zakaria made a scary prediction about democracy in 1997 — and it’s coming true. What Machiavelli can teach us about Trump and the decline of liberal democracy: Sean Illing interviews Erica Benner, author of Be Like the Fox: Machiavelli in His World. Some argue that the West should limit democracy to save liberalism — here’s why they’re wrong. Can liberalism win out? Jonathan Wolff argues that there is no guarantee of tolerance or political stability.

Hauke Brunkhorst (Flensburg): Democracy under Siege: Democratic Solidarity between Global Crisis and Cosmopolitan Hope. Helmut K. Anheier on democratic resilience for a populist age. Far-right movements are starting to converge, posing an ever greater risk. Trump praised Poland as a defender of the West — but their democracy is unraveling. Don’t fear the new nationalism: The utopian belief in a globalized world without borders is dying in the West. European disunion: Yascha Mounk on what the rise of populist movements means for democracy. Can Yascha Mounk save liberal democracy? A political theorist joins the resistance.

David Robie (AUT): The Insecurity Legacy of the Rainbow Warrior Affair: A Human Rights Transition from Nuclear to Climate-change Refugees. Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor on the “free speech” hypocrisy of right-wing media: Conservatives are obsessed with protecting “free speech”, but only the kind they agree with. At 27 million views,’s video about 8-year-old drag queen Lactatia is its most-watched ever. The new yuppies: J.C. Pan reviews The Sum of Small Things: A Theory of the Aspirational Class by Elizabeth Currid-Halkett. Is linguistics a science? Much of linguistic theory is so abstract and dependent on theoretical apparatus that it might be impossible to explain. Why don’t all CEOs quit Trump’s advisory councils?

A Trump employee said he knew of misconduct at the company — then he claimed his family was assaulted. Dean Baker on the cost of Trump’s security and the generous donation of his presidential salary. Trump D.C. hotel turns $2 million profit in four months. Amid all the craziness, don’t forget: Trump is using the presidency to enrich his family. Reminder: The Trump International Hotel is still an ethics disaster.

Cass Sunstein (Harvard): The American Nondelegation Doctrine. Irregular order: Daniel Schlozman on why Congress can’t work. Congress is a desert, not a swamp: While many people think Congress is enriching itself, it’s actually too poor in policy knowledge and resources to do much more than take orders. Daniel A. Farber (UC-Berkeley): Presidential Administration Under Trump. The United States needs more bureaucracy, not less: If too much partisanship is the problem, more bureaucracy might be the answer. From Balkinization, a symposium on Law’s Abnegation: From Law’s Empire to the Administrative State by Adrian Vermeule (and more).

Brian J. Cook (Virginia Tech): Reconstructing Public Administration for the Commercial Republic Part I: The Madisonian Design, Its Flaws, and the Case for a Fourth Branch. Miriam Seifter (Wisconsin): Gubernatorial Administration; and Further from the People? The Puzzle of State Administration.

From LRB, Jeremy Harding reviews Borderwall as Architecture: A Manifesto for the US-Mexico Boundary by Ronald Rael. The ecological disaster that is Trump’s border wall: A visual guide. Thread: “Trump’s wall is an idea for people who think in cartoons. Here’s a piece of the actual border in Arizona”. These are the people Trump wants to pay for his wall. Immigration policy isn’t just borders and fences — it’s trade and aid, too: Economic events in Mexico have much more to do with who comes across the border than walls or fences. Will Mexico get half of its territory back?

The return of gringophobia: There’s a long tradition of anti-Americanism in Mexican politics — it’s making a comeback in the era of Trump. Mexico’s revenge: By antagonizing the U.S.’s neighbor to the south, Donald Trump has made the classic bully’s error — he has underestimated his victim. Tale of the gringo strongman: Trump’s ill-advised Mexican policies backfire bigly. Feeling insulted, Mexican to market “Trump” toilet paper.