John Clegg (NYU) and Duncan Foley (New School): A Classical-Marxian Model of Antebellum Slavery. Rafael I. Pardo (Emory): Bankrupt Slaves (and more). From Review 31, Tom Cutterham reviews Battles for Freedom: The Use and Abuse of American History by Eric Foner. The Confederacy was a con job on whites — and still is. Patterns of death in the South still show the outlines of slavery. Juan F. Perea (Loyola): Echoes of Slavery II: How Slavery’s Legacy Distorts Democracy. Misrepresentation and misrecognition: Michael Weinman on Steve King’s American exceptionalism and its ties to the “slaves were immigrants, too” thesis. To be continued, or who lost the Civil War?

John Kelly says the Civil War was started over a “lack of compromise” — historians say it was slavery. A refusal to compromise? Civil War historians beg to differ. Ta-Nehisi Coates schools John Kelly on history of Civil War and “compromise” (and more). John Kelly is as deluded about the Confederacy as Trump is. The Civil War was not a mistake: John Kelly’s account of its causes reflects a widely shared — and incorrect — understanding of the conflict.

Sarah Sanders claims John Kelly learned Civil War nonsense from Ken Burns — she’s probably right. White House press secretary argues that the Civil War wasn’t about race.


From Constellations, Michiel Meijer (Antwerp): Does Charles Taylor Have a Nietzsche Problem? What Europe gets about cyber threats that the US hasn’t — yet. Putin’s pro-Trump trolls just targeted Hillary Clinton and Robert Mueller. Uranium One, the bizarre Clinton-Russia story lighting up right-wing news, explained. Is Melania Trump living up to her role as first lady? Tomi Lahren’s disrespectful flag costume highlights the hypocrisy of whiteness. Women should be able to get their abortions like they get their Sudafed: Over the counter. Endangered languages have sentimental value, it's true, but are there good philosophical reasons to preserve them? Tragedy of the common: The extinction crisis extends far beyond rare and endangered species.

What to expect when tech companies meet with Congress. The new numbers on fake Russian social media accounts are staggering. Does Facebook even know how to control Facebook? Under intense congressional scrutiny, the social giant will have to answer questions about whether it can rein in its own product. How to fix Facebook? Farhad Manjoo and Kevin Roose ask 9 experts. Facebook’s problems abroad are far more disturbing: As the social media giant grows in the developing world, its platform is being used to spread misinformation and incite violence.


The plot against America: Robert Mueller hands a gangster administration its first indictments. Upstairs at home, with the TV on, Trump fumes over Russia indictments. Trump’s denials of Russian hacking look pretty darn incriminating. Trump’s “no collusion” defense is falling apart. George Papadopoulos’s plea deal is very, very bad news for Attorney General Jeff Sessions. “Everyone is freaking out”: Trump’s West Wing races to contain Mueller fallout. Andrew Cohen on why this is not Trump’s Watergate: “This is a situation far more dangerous to the republic”. The Manafort indictment is a historic test for American democracy.

Congressional Republicans shrug following Trump World indictments. From Vox, the cowardice of Paul Ryan and Mitch McConnell: The country needs more from its leaders than silence; and Congressional Republicans are helping Trump with a big cover-up — and even they don’t know what it is. Republicans lose interest in bills to protect Mueller from Trump. The groundwork for Mueller to be fired has been laid (and more). If Trump plans to fire Mueller, the time to do it is right now.

Mueller’s investigation won’t shake Trump’s base: Republicans demonstrate a striking degree of hypocrisy. “None of this is real”: Conservative media react to Mueller indictments. A week of Fox News transcripts shows how they began questioning Mueller’s credibility. How right-wing media obscures Mueller and other inconvenient stories: Sean Illing interviews Charlie Sykes, author of How the Right Lost Its Mind.


Andrew Glazzard and Emily Winterbotham (RUSI), Sasha Jesperson (St. Mary’s), and Thomas Maguire (King’s College): Islamist Violent Extremism: A New Form of Conflict or Business as Usual? Michael Loadenthal (George Mason): Othering Terrorism: A Rhetorical Strategy of Strategic Labeling. Arthur Hatton (Georgia Southern): Anti-Muslim Prejudice When Exposed to News About Terrorism: The Roles of Negative Affect and Psychological Inflexibility. Trump is quick to blame Muslims for terror attacks — he’s slow when Muslims are the victims. There’s a reason you didn’t hear about a man who recently tried to bomb an airport. You can download Fear Thy Neighbor: Radicalization and Jihadist Attacks in the West by Lorenzo Vidino, Francesco Marone, and Eva Entenmann.

With the destruction of the caliphate, the Islamic State has lost far more than territory. Scott Atran, Hoshang Waziri, and Richard Davis on ISIS after the caliphate. Rise and fall of ISIS: Its dream of a caliphate is over, so what now? Note found in truck claims Manhattan attack done for ISIS, source says.


Bentley Allan (JHU), Srdjan Vucetic (Ottawa), and Ted Hopf (NUS): The Distribution of Identity and the Future of International Order: China’s Hegemonic Prospects. Daniel Nexon on Jinping’s China, Trumpism, and international order. The Chinese world order: Andrew J. Nathan reviews The End of the Asian Century: War, Stagnation, and the Risks to the World’s Most Dynamic Region by Michael R. Auslin; Post-Western World: How Emerging Powers Are Remaking Global Order by Oliver Stuenkel; and Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap? by Graham Allison.

From the Congressional Research Service, a special report on China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States. Move over, America: China now presents itself as the model “blazing a new trail” for the world. “Xi is making China great again”: Philip Bowring on China’s Silk Road illusions. Minxin Pei on the paradox of Xi’s power. Anthony Saich (Harvard): What Does General Secretary Xi Jinping Dream About? Chinese President Xi Jinping just managed to secure himself Mao-like power. China elevates Xi Jinping to Mao Zedong’s level — here’s why that’s unsettling.


Clinton Tolley (UCSD): The Difference Between Original, Metaphysical and Geometrical Representations of Space. The lost children of Tuam: Ireland wanted to forget — but the dead don’t always stay buried. In Paris, a team of editors have created America, a publication that examines the Trump Presidency and what led to it. Rebecca Chace on regarding the pain of Trump. Hillary Clinton shouldn’t go away — she should embrace her role as Trump’s nemesis. Dear Democrats: Stop rehabilitating George W. Bush. 238 cities are wooing Amazon — the winner may end up with a very bad deal. The 238 attempted bribes of Amazon should be illegal. Eugene Scott on Kevin Spacey and how correlating homosexuality to child molestation influenced politics.


From Lawfare, Susan Hennessey and Benjamin Wittes on Robert Mueller’s show of strength: A quick and dirty analysis. What it means: The indictment of Manafort and Gates. Why did Paul Manafort go to work for Trump? Trump group throws former campaign official Rick Gates under the bus after Bob Mueller indictment. What we know about Paul Manafort, Rick Gates, and George Papadopoulos. Which reactions to the Manafort indictment really matter. Trump’s personal attorney Jay Sekulow stops denying collusion with Russia and starts defending it. Will Manafort sing? If so, it may mark the beginning of the unraveling of this presidency. “Now this is how you make a ‘time for some game theory’ joke”.

It sure looks like there was collusion between the Trump operation and Russia. Facebook says Russian-backed election content reached 126 million Americans. “The Russians have succeeded beyond their wildest expectations”: James Clapper says President Trump is dead wrong about Russian interference in America’s elections — and they’re going to get away with it again, he warns.

Trump has trouble staying focused — and that was before the Mueller indictments. As Manafort and Gates are arrested, Trump doubles down on Clinton-Russia “scandal”. Mueller’s indictments get Rightbloggers salivating for arrest of Hillary Clinton. Look at how Fox News covered Manafort: “Meanwhile on Fox News” leaps to new heights of absurdity. This is how Republicans will try to distract you from Trump’s campaign manager being indicted.

Paul Ryan won’t let indictments stop him from cutting taxes on the rich. Staying silent may backfire spectacularly on Republican lawmakers. The Republican Party is gearing up for war on the rule of law. The question that matters now: What will Republicans do when Trump fires Mueller?


It feels surreal being a Puerto Rican in the United States these days: The disaster has revealed our ambiguous status as citizen-strangers. Puerto Rico tourism craters in wake of Hurricane Maria. Nurses returning from Puerto Rico accuse the federal government of leaving people to die. Puerto Rico’s dire health-care crisis: Over a month after Hurricane Maria, citizens are still facing limited access to medical help and the increasing threat of illness. “This is an unnatural disaster”: Activist Stephanie Llanes on what you should know about Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico governor wants Whitefish contract cancelled “immediately”. Puerto Rico to cancel $300 million Whitefish contract.


Inside the partisan fight for your news feed: How ideologues, opportunists, growth hackers, and Internet marketers built a massive new universe of partisan news on the web and on Facebook. What if the right-wing media wins? Conservative critics of the press want more than just a louder voice — they want the New York Times and the Washington Post to go away. Ready for Trump TV? Andy Kroll goes inside Sinclair Broadcasting’s plot to take over your local news. “I don’t feel it has any place in a local newscast”: An anonymous Sinclair journalist sounds off on his employer’s pro-Trump segments. Is Fox News hurting Donald Trump? Lucia Graves on the Wall Street Journal’s Trump problem. Brian Beutler on the seeds of media self-sabotage.


Renee M. Jones (BC): The Unicorn Governance Trap. What we get wrong about technology: Forget flying cars or humanoid robots, the most disruptive inventions are often cheap, simple and easy to overlook. These women entrepreneurs created a fake male cofounder to dodge startup sexism. The SEC just fined a unicorn startup for the first time. Unicorns aren’t real, and neither are the valuations ascribed to many of the startups that say they’re worth $1 billion or more. The end of the Internet startup: We haven’t had a major new technology company in more than 10 years. Silicon Valley isn’t special: Tech has plenty of reasons to pretend it’s an industry of upstarts — that facade is crumbling.

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