The sealed train: A century later, historians still disagree about what caused the Russian Revolution. Siddhartha Deb on what the Bolsheviks saw: The revolutionary imagination of 1917. How the Bolsheviks won: Alexander Rabinowitch on the Bolsheviks’ rise to power, one hundred years ago today, revisited. Patrick Iber reviews Vanguard of the Revolution: The Global Idea of the Communist Party by A. James McAdams (and more) and Red Hangover: Legacies of Twentieth-Century Communism by Kristen Ghodsee. Max Holleran reviews The House of Government: A Saga of the Russian Revolution by Yuri Slezkine (and more).

Mitchell Cohen on what Lenin’s critics got right. David Sessions reviews The Dilemmas of Lenin: Terrorism, War, Empire, Love, Revolution by Tariq Ali. Martin Amis on Lenin’s deadly revolution. The lies we tell about Lenin: Lenin and the debates that shaped the Russian Revolution have been misunderstood by friends and foes alike. The radical experiment crushed by Stalin: An excerpt from The Experiment: Georgia’s Forgotten Revolution 1918-1921 by Eric Lee. How Stalin became Stalinist: Keith Gessen reviews Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941 by Stephen Kotkin; and reviews Gorbachev: His Life and Times by William Taubman. Tom Gallagher reviews The New Russia by Mikhail Gorbachev.

100 years later, Bolshevism is back — and we should be worried.

No Moore pretense: Republicans offer a sham defense of Roy Moore. Why Trump stands by Roy Moore, even as it fractures his party. Olivia Nuzzi goes inside the Breitbart Embassy, where Steve Bannon entertains elites and plots his populist takeover. Karl Rove has seen the enemy and he is Steve Bannon. Is Tom Cotton the future of Trumpism? The junior senator from Arkansas is a hybrid of insurgent and old guard. Wackadoodles, establishment hacks, and the big, ugly, local battle for the heart of the GOP: The “whiteopia” of North Idaho has become one of the most desirable places in the West for conservatives to relocate — so why is the local Republican party tearing itself apart and who’s responsible?

Conservatives reap the whirlwind of their war on the media. Republicans’ beliefs are bending to Trump — here’s why they might not even notice. Republican governors’ 2018 dilemma: What to do about Trump? Julian Zelizer on why we can’t stop watching Donald Trump. For some conservatives, one identity trumps all others. Republicans can blow raspberries at honest wonks all they want, but this is the result: For anything complex, they’re incapable of passing legislation that’s worthwhile even from their own point of view. “I want this for George”: Iraq, a family dynasty and George H.W. Bush’s secret pain over his son’s complicated legacy. Beware the Bush family image-rehab machine.

D.R. Tucker on the melting of Republican snowflakes. We’re with stupid: The problem is not the Russians, it’s us — a huge percentage of the population can’t tell fact from fiction. Ben Shapiro, a provocative “gladiator”, battles to win young conservatives. Alex Nichols on the lame nonprofit that’s trying to make young conservatives cool: Turning Point USA’s overtures to the youth are embarrassing. “Oh. My. Fucking. God.

Women exit the party of Trump: After laboring for years to close the gender gap, GOP strategists are suddenly facing a gender chasm. Democrats are always in disarray, but Republicans are doomed. Martin Longman on how the Republican Party will die.

Lloyd Strickland (MMU): How Leibniz Would Have Responded to the Lisbon Earthquake. From CNN, Nima Elbagir, Raja Razek, Alex Platt and Bryony Jones on people for sale: Where lives are auctioned for $400 (and more). Libya is the world’s new hub for human trafficking, terrorism, and torture. Gutting net neutrality is a death knell for the resistance. A #TrumpRussia confession in plain sight. Donald Trump’s obsession with Time Magazine makes almost too much sense. Clinton accuser Juanita Broaddrick not sure she believes women about Trump, though. Let’s all stop saying bless you. Here is a letter of concern and support regarding the cluster of excellence “Normative Ordnungen” of the University of Frankfurt.

Alyssa Ney (UC-Davis): Are the Questions of Metaphysics More Fundamental Than Those of Science? Seungbae Park (UNIST): The Unificatory Power of Scientific Realism. How things hang together: George Scialabba reviews Convergence: The Idea at the Heart of Science: How the Different Disciplines are Coming Together to Tell One Coherent, Interlocking Story, and Making Science the Basis for Other Forms of Knowledge by Peter Watson. Moti Mizrahi (FIT): What’s So Bad About Scientism? Rik Peels (VU Amsterdam): Ten Reasons to Embrace Scientism. Stephen Wolfram on A New Kind of Science: A 15-year view.

From HumanaMente, a special issue on Beyond Toleration? Inconsistency and Pluralism in the Empirical Sciences. Carl F. Craver and Mark Povich (WUSTL): The Directionality of Distinctively Mathematical Explanations. Kun Wu (XJTU) and Joseph Brenner (CIRET): Philosophy of Information: Revolution in Philosophy: Towards an Informational Metaphilosophy of Science. Why philosophy is so important in science education.

From National Affairs, Ramon Lopez on answering the alt-Right. John Jackson on how not to write about white supremacy. The alt-Right doesn’t know what to do with white women. These wealthy institutions are quietly financing white nationalism: Organizations that claim to serve the public good are enriching Robert Mercer. YouTube Trumpkin and former Milo intern Lane Davis kills his own dad for calling him a Nazi. Racist, violent, unpunished: A.C. Thompson on a white hate group’s campaign of menace. White supremacists share bomb-making materials in online chats. Peter Moskowitz on a year in the violent rise of white supremacy.

Carlos Lozada reviews Making Sense of the Alt-Right by George Hawley (and more); Kill All Normies by Angela Nagle; and Alt-America by David Neiwert. What to do when racists try to hijack your religion: White supremacists are coopting Norse heathen symbols. Andrew Boyer on what we really learned in Charlottesville. The making of an American Nazi: How did Andrew Anglin go from being an antiracist vegan to the alt-Right’s most vicious troll and propagandist — and how might he be stopped? The rise of the “westernists”: The “alt-right” shares something important with Islamists — they both owe much of their recent success to quickly grasping the fact that politics is no longer just about policies.

White nationalist Richard Spencer banned from 26 European nations. Post-traumatic whiteness: Joseph Darda on how Vietnam veterans became the basis for a new white identity politics. Political correctness isn’t the problem: The “real” bigotry is not suppression of speech, but white nationalism. Adam Hochschild reviews The Second Coming of the KKK: The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and the American Political Tradition by Linda Gordon and Ku Klux Kulture: America and the Klan in the 1920s by Felix Harcourt.

A voice of hate in America’s heartland: Tony Hovater, a 29-year-old welder, helped form a pro-Nazi group — now he is hoping his bigotry and fascist ideals will go mainstream (and more and more and more and more). Nazis are just like you and me, except they’re Nazis.