From HNN, a review of Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America 1492-1830 by J. H. Elliott. From Literary Review, a review of James Fenimore Cooper: The Early Years by Wayne Franklin. A review of The Shawnees and the War for America by Colin G. Calloway and The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears by Theda Perdue and Michael D. Green. A review of Age of Betrayal: The Triumph of Money in America, 1865-1900 by Jack Beatty. A review of House of Rain: Tracking a Vanished Civilization Across the American Southwest by Craig Childs. A review of Getting Away with Murder on the Texas Frontier: Notorious Killings and Celebrated Trials by Bill Neal.

A review of The Last Days of the Incas by Kim MacQuarrie. A review of A History of the World in Six Glasses by Tom Standage. Round Britain with a pint: A review of The Longest Crawl by Ian Marchant. From The Atlantic Monthly, a review of Women and the Making of the Modern House and Key Houses of the Twentieth Century. A review of Nine Ways to Cross a River: Midstream Reflections on Swimming and Getting There From Here by Akiko Busch. Just Beneath the Surface: Swimming across a river is primal, erotic, solitary, communal and a time to contemplate things big and small.  A review of Leviathan: The History of Whaling in America by Eric Jay Dolin.

A review of Songs of Ourselves: The Uses of Poetry in America by Joan Shelley Rubin. LA history, written on the walls: A review of Graffiti L.A.: Street Styles and Art by Steve Grody.  A review of The Day the Earth Caved In: An American Mining Tragedy by Joan Quigley. A review of The Man Who Invented Flight: George Cayley and the First Airplane by Richard Dee. A review of The Final Call: In Search of the True Cost of our Holidays by Leo Hickman (and more). A review of Up the Organization: How to Stop the Corporation From Stifling People and Strangling Profits by Robert Townsend. A review of Crazy Bosses by Stanley Bing. 

A review of Body Piercing Saved My Life: Inside the Phenomenon of Christian Rock by Andrew Beaujon. A review of The Pyjama Game: A Journey into Judo by Mark Law. A review of Merle's Door: Lessons from a Freethinking Dog by Ted Kerasote.

From Foreign Policy, six regions and territories are craving international recognition. Each has its own government—even its own flag—but lacks independent status at the United Nations. Who will be next to win this coveted prize? A review of International Law and its Others. From Monthly Review, a look at how the South has already repaid it external debt to the North, but the North denies its debt to the South. A review of The Secret History of the American Empire: Economic Hit Men, Jackals, and the Truth about Global Corruption by John Perkins. A review of Imperialism and Postcolonialism by Barbara Bush. An interview with Noam Chomsky on religion and politics.

From The Moscow Times, Bringing the Past to Life: Enthusiasts in Kaliningrad re-enact the Battle of Friedland, where Napoleon defeated the Russians. Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves discusses the dispute over the Soviet memorial in Tallinn, why the Nazis were not necessarily worse than the Soviets, and the ethnic Russians plotting against the Estonian state. An excerpt from Sketches from a Secret War: A Polish Artist’s Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine by Timothy Snyder. The richer they come: Can Russia's oligarchs keep their billions - and their freedom? A new cult for a new leader? In Turkmenistan, President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov's persona faces Turkmens' murky isolation. Kazakhstan's feuding first family: When the president of an oil-rich former Soviet republic where the ruling family runs everything falls out with his son-in-law it can have huge repercussions. 

A review of The Boys from Dolores: Fidel Castro's Classmates From Revolution to Exile by Patrick Symmes. Lessons of Porto Alegre: The Brazilian experience shows us that local participation can be more than just consultation. Argentina's Power Couple: Cristina Kirchner's path from first lady to president is almost assured. But she's no Hillary (and more). There Goes the Neighborhood: American clout with its neighbors has hit a new low, warns Mexico's ex-foreign minister Jorge Castaneda.

The Lonely Business of Defending America: America can be hard to love these days. And persuading non-Americans even to like it can seem an impossible task. Executive Nonsense: Bush's assertion of privilege is wildly misplaced—and could lead to another Watergate. Maybe we've totally misjudged Mr. Bush. Perhaps he isn't a Kantian after all, but a Marxist, as in Groucho, who famously said, "These are my principles; if you don't like them, I have others".

Katherine Baker (IIT): The Problem with Unpaid Work. From The Boston Globe Magazine, The Daddy Track: As society acknowledges that men can be great parents, the number of single fathers is on the rise. So what is life like for men juggling career, family, and home? A lot like life for single moms; doctors, dietitians, school districts, and "sanctimommies" all have opinions about what you should feed your kids. So, what should you feed them?; "our kids are over-scheduled!" is a major worry and rallying cry for parents today. But is it really just a suburban legend?; and how did mothering get hip?

From The New York Observer, The New Victorians: They fall in love, dear reader, buy strollers, hire cooks—Heath, Michelle, Liv, Nicole join prissy New Bourgeoisie! "We’ve leaped to our parents’ level of success right away". Why Dutch Kids are Happier Than Yours: A progressive educational system and a family-friendly social system helps the Netherlands top a UNICEF survey on the well-being of children. A review of The Dangerous Book for Boys by Conn Iggulden and Hal Iggulden. Blame it on Mr. Rogers: Why young adults feel so entitled. When she heard that a Newcastle councillor had recommended a family of ginger children dye their hair to avoid bullying, Louise Crowe decided enough was enough. Here, she reveals why the time is right for a redhead revolution. 

Field Guide to the Materialist: She's Gotta Have It: We're all bombarded by ads and surrounded by stores, but for some people, stuff reigns and to shop is to be. Communities in Crisis: A look at how sprawl is ruining our lives. A review of The Age of Abundance How Prosperity Transformed America's Politics and Culture by Brink Lindsey. A review of Americans in Waiting: The Lost Story of Immigration and Citizenship in the United States by Hiroshi Motomura. A More Perfect Union: It's time we let legal immigrants vote in local elections. Doing so could save us from becoming like France! The borders of liberalism: Xenophobia is an illiberal response to immigration from the right, but multiculturalism represents much the same thing from the left.

Ian F. Haney López (Berkeley): "A Nation of Minorities": Race, Ethnicity and Reactionary Colorblindness.  Daniel Goldberg (Baylor): Universal Health Care, American Pragmatism and the Ethics of Health Policy: Questioning Political Efficacy. 

An excerpt from The Cambridge Companion to Plato's Republic. An excerpt from Trade in Classical Antiquity by Neville Morley. An excerpt from Ethnic Identity and Aristocratic Competition in Republican Rome by Gary D. Farney. A review of The Beautiful Burial in Roman Egypt: Art, Identity, and Funerary Religion by Christina Riggs. An excerpt from The Political Thought of King Alfred the Great by David Pratt. A review of Medieval Go-Betweens and Chaucer's Pandarus by Gretchen  Mieszkowski. A review of In Search of the Holy Grail: The Quest for the Middle Ages by Veronica Ortenberg. A review of The Saintly Politics of Catherine of Siena by F. Thomas Luongo.

A review of Marxism and Ecological Economics by Paul Burkett.  In economics departments, a growing will to debate fundamental assumptions. The LaRouche Youth Movement: Followers of “the best economist in the world today” are coming to your campus. Scott McLemee reads their literature without giggling. As of June 22, help is on the way for Maine students in the form of Opportunity Maine, an innovative local answer to the student debt crisis.  The Greek government has approved a series of reforms intended to modernise its university system, including the opening of private institutions and placing a limit on the maximum study period. However, the students are protesting. 

From Skeptical Inquirer, The Myth of Consistent Skepticism and The Cautionary Case of Albert Einstein: Being a skeptic implies that we consistently apply the methods of skepticism to all claims. However, all skeptics, even Einstein, are, at best, selectively skeptical; The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) Lab closes, ending decades of psychic research; an article on deciphering Da Vinci’s real codes; and Theatre of Science: Two academics show—somewhat to their own surprise—that there is an audience for a live stage science show. And they have fun doing it. Will others follow?

From LRB, a review of The Poems of John Dryden: Vol. V 1697-1700 and Dryden: Selected Poems; Through the Trapdoor: A review of The Narrow Foothold by Carina Birman; and Marlon Brando didn’t believe in acting, except in real life, and he took every opportunity, in interviews and his autobiography, to trash the profession. It’s tempting to say this is why he was a great movie actor, but the story is more complicated.

From TLS, Orientalist art and photography: A review of Odalisques and Arabesques: Orientalist photography 1839–1925 by Robert Irwin and Ken Jacobson; Images of the Ottoman Empire by Charles Newton; and The Art of Omar Khayyam by William H. Martin and Sandra Mason; a review of Henry James Goes to Paris by Peter Brooks; and a review of A Tranquil Star: Unpublished stories by Primo Levi.

From Mute, in her recent anthology Participation, Claire Bishop targets the suspect utopianism of relational aesthetics – a new model public art for the age of consensus. But, writes Paul Helliwell, her alternative reading of participation, made across a set of historical texts and concerned to preserve the autonomy of art, may have blocked itself with her deployment of the fashionable Jacques Rancière. Tales of Titans and Hobbits: Both Ayn Rand and J.R.R. Tolkien passionately tell their tales about freedom, but they resort to completely different aesthetics, and, in consequence, paint two entirely different pictures of the world, with different heroes and different challenges. Are those differences important?

He coined the term "cyberspace" in his novel Neuromancer. So it's fitting that William Gibson's latest book, Spook Country, will be promoted in cyberspace — in Second Life, to be exact. On the centennial of Robert Heinlein's birth, Scott Van Wynsberghe examines the legacy of one of science fiction's most renowned pioneers. “We must ride the lightning”: An article on Robert Heinlein and American spaceflight. From American Heritage, Star Wizards: How a handful of desperate innovators took special effects to new heights in two 1977 movies—Star Wars and Close Encounters. Lucasfilm's Phantom Menace: Lawrence Lessig on how the Lucasfilm's empire is pulling a Jedi mind trick on collaborative recreators. Is Tinseltown really about to disappear from our cultural radar screens? A review of The Decline of the Hollywood Empire by Hervé Fischer.

From 3:AM, an interview with Bookslam impresario Patrick Neate, author of Culture is Our Weapon. A review of Total Chaos: The Art and Aesthetics of Hip-Hop. How Rap Cat Made It Into This Headline: As old ad agencies try to get a grip on their future, the new guerrilla ad guys think they’ve got it all figured out.

From NYRB, Freeman Dyson on Our Biotech Future. From TED, Alan Russell studies regenerative medicine — a breakthrough way of thinking about disease and injury by helping the body to rebuild itself. He shows how engineered tissue that "speaks the body's language" has helped a man regrow his lost fingertip, how stem cells can rebuild damaged heart muscle, and how cell therapy can regenerate the skin of burned soldiers. A review of Devices of the Soul: Battling for Our Selves in An Age of Machines by Steve Talbott. The Bliss We Can't Buy: For better or worse, there are limits to re-engineering the human spirit.

Genetic engineers who don’t just tinker: Forget genetic engineering. The new idea is synthetic biology, an effort to rewire the genetic circuitry of living organisms. Life after Humans: Today, we are modifying and augmenting our bodies and abilities in ways which were not only impossible 100 years ago, but unfathomable. Existence is Wonderful: An article on bioengineering, modification, and motivation. Bathed in soft light and formaldehyde, these grisly exemplars of bone and tissue, skulls, faces and colons, represent one of the most important collections of body parts in all of medical history. They are the still-life models for Grant's Atlas of Anatomy.

How the brain and an iPhone differ: Researchers fine-tuning theories on how short-term memory works. A small coterie of devoted professionals and amateurs are working to make fully articulated, humanoid and even sinuously dancing robots a reality. Children with autism are often described as robotic: They are emotionless. They engage in obsessive, repetitive behavior and have trouble communicating and socializing. Now, a humanoid robot designed to teach autistic children social skills has begun testing in British schools. A review of True to Our Feelings: What Our Emotions Are Really Telling Us by Robert C. Solomon.

Life Beyond Earth: An ocean on Mars. An Earth-like planet light years away. The evidence is mounting, but are astronomers ready to say we're not alone? From The Space Review, a review of Contact with Alien Civilizations: Our Hopes and Fears about Encountering Extraterrestrials by Michael A.G. Michaud; a review of Into That Silent Sea: Trailblazers of the Space Era, 1961–1965 by Francis French and Colin Burgess; a review of Destination Space: How Space Tourism is Making Science Fiction a Reality by Kenny Kemp and The Hazards of Space Travel: A Tourist’s Guide by Neil F. Comins; and a review of Distant Worlds: Milestones in Planetary Exploration by Peter Bond.

From Outlook India, a review of The Clash Within: Democracy, Religious Violence and India's Future by Martha C. Nussbaum. Abdul cannot get inside boiled egg: A review of Holy Warriors: a Journey into the Heart of Indian Fundamentalism by Edna Fernandes (and more). Stars of India: What lies behind Indian managers’ success? And can it be more widely replicated? Peter Bergen on what the Red Mosque siege says about the future of Pakistani democracy. A review of Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan's Military Economy by Ayesha Siddiqa Agha. 

A review of The Invisible Cure: Africa, the West and the Fight Against AIDS by Helen Epstein. How Bush's AIDS Program is Failing Africans: The president's much-lauded international AIDS initiative has succeeded in saving lives through treatment. But its abstinence-focused prevention programs have put many more lives in jeopardy. Gospel Riches: Africa's rapid embrace of prosperity Pentecostalism provokes concern—and hope. Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi has vowed to press ahead with plans for a single African government, an idea that was first promoted by Ghana's Kwame Nkrumah. 

From Vox, borders, language, and the future of European integration: Insights from the 19th century Habsburg Empire. A review of The Primacy of Politics: Social democracy and the making of Europe’s twentieth century by Sheri Berman. Who are the citizens of Europe? Current citizenship laws in the European Union vary dramatically. The tension between freedom of movement and national self-determination of citizenship within the EU has the potential to create serious conflicts in the future, writes Rainer Bauböck. From Ovi, an essay on Europa as the Return of the Gods (and part 2). Internal market vs. Scandinavian welfare: The building of a new school in Sweden opens up the debate on the social and economical structure of the EU. 

Canada announces plans to increase its Arctic military presence in an effort to assert sovereignty over the Northwest Passage — a potentially oil-rich region the United States claims is international territory. Rising up: The stereotype is wrong. Canadian history isn’t that peaceful. A retrospective on four under-appreciated Canadian rebellions whose effects are still with us. Terror seems to surround us again: From last week's foiled plot in Britain, to reports at home of stolen nuclear devices. But are Canadians even anxious about the threats in the air? For that matter, should you be? Do you believe in ferry tales? The mayor of Toronto may not like the idea of aqua-transit, but there's no denying that boat rides transform the urban experience into something magical. The “O Canada” Personality Test: What Canadian province or territory are you?

From Arena, multiculturalism, long the bête noire of the Right, has come under increasing attack from the Left. But whether multiculturalism is a threat to Enlightenment values or not, the real debate must be over how we understand the term itself, writes Per Wirten. Evil and pathetic: How the phrase "moral relativism" was hijacked and misused. Identity crisis: Multiculturalism may seem a liberal policy, but it reinforces prejudices. Better Dead Than Rude: Political correctness set out to reform our manners, but now seeks to smother our thoughts. It won’t succeed. A review of Camelot and the Cultural Revolution: How the Assassination of John F. Kennedy Shattered American Liberalism by James Piereson. Ellis Weiner on how to write like a conservative

From Writ, a review of When Sex Counts: Making Babies and Making Law by Sherry Colb. A look at what proponents of the "rape exception" teach us about abortion. A review of Girls on the Stand: How Courts Fail Pregnant Minors by Helena Silverstein. Sex Panic! An interview with Debbie Nathan, author of Satan's Silence: Ritual Abuse and the Making of a Modern American Witch Hunt. On Intimacy with Dogs: Sensuality, pleasure, loyalty, and love outside the norms of heterosexual relationships. A review of Modern Sex: Liberation and Its Discontents. GOP candidates cross the line in the Culture War: Despite their carefully cultivated images, both Mitt Romney and Fred Thompson have recently found themselves on the wrong side of the conservative view of sex

God and country: A look at what it means to be a Christian after George W. Bush. Among the most durable myths of American public life is that conservatives are more authentic in their religious faith than liberals and progressives. The Democratic front runners are leading their party's crusade to win over religious voters. A review of With God on Our Side: One Man's War Against an Evangelical Coup in America's Military by Michael L. Weinstein. A review of Wayward Christian Soldiers: Freeing the Gospel from Political Captivity by Charles Marsh. A review of Bonds of Imperfection: Christian Politics Past and Present by Oliver O'Donovan and Joan Lockwood O'Donovan. 

From Mother Jones, when will the next Katrina hit? An interview with Mike Tidwell, author of The Ravaging Tide: Strange Weather, Future Katrinas, and the Coming Death of America's Coastal Cities. Field of Dreams: Burning ethanol made from corn is supposed to reduce our dependence on oil; instead, it's wreaking havoc on agriculture. What our grandparents can teach us about saving the world: The World War II home front was the most important and broadly participatory green experiment in U.S. history. Is it a model we should use today? Eco Indulgence: The $800 green-tini and other luxuries for the trust fund tree-hugger. The paradox of green consumerism: We're always going to buy stuff. So maybe the solution isn't to consume less, but to consume differently.

A review of Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language by Roger W. Shuy. One of the week's best invented words: "Insockurity". More reading than in 1970s: People in the UK seem to have been reading more over the past quarter of a century, a study suggests. A review of On Royalty: A Very Polite Inquiry Into Some Strangely Related Families by Jeremy Paxman. An interview with Tina Brown, the queen bee on both sides of the Atlantic and another kind of royalty.

A review of Shakespeare the Thinker by A. D. Nuttall and Shakespeare Revealed: A Biography by René Weis. The evanescent Romantic: A review of Being Shelley: the Poet's Search for Himself by Ann Wroe. Too shy to gossip, too plain to join in: A review of Death and the Maidens: Fanny Wollstonecraft and the Shelley Circle by Janet Todd. A review of Jane Austen and the Enlightenment by Peter Knox-Shaw.

John Irving reviews Peeling the Onion by Gunter Grass. From Sign and Sight, the Sheikha's Book Club: Ulla Lenze is the first German writer to be invited to the literary salon of Sheikha Shamma in the United Arab Emirates, to answer question about her book. David Frum on a tour of France's historic gas stations. The Piperno Case: Is a popular Italian novel a daring comedy of manners—or a way for readers to indulge in stereotypes guilt-free? The Resurrection of Garibaldi: How the capital is commemorating the revolutionary father of modern Italy.

Form Smithsonian, Ancient Rome's Forgotten Paradise: Stabiae's seaside villas will soon be resurrected in one of the largest archaeological projects in Europe since World War II; and Rome Reborn: Archaeologists unveil a 3-D model of the great city circa A.D. 400. The 300 years after Alexander were typified by scandal-ridden dynastic upheaval – and some very peculiar names: A review of The Hellenistic Age: A Short History by Peter Green.

A review of Global Environmental Governance by James Gustave Speth and Peter M. Haas. The Howard Government has warned of economic disaster if carbon emissions are cut too drastically. But in Sweden, the opposite has occurred. Bold policies have turned a city into an eco-powerhouse. Aral Sea's return revives withered villages: Dam begins to diminish ecological disaster of Soviet-era irrigation. Six Reasons You May Need a New Atlas Soon: Few new states have come into being since the fall of the Soviet Union. Creating "escape routes" for wildlife: Biological corridors, such as one planned from Panama to Mexico, would let species migrate to safer climates as global warming heats up their old habitats. The Americas have the Mississippi and the Amazon, Africa has the Nile and Asia has the Ganges and the Mekong, among others. So why wouldn’t Australia have a large river system – or an inland sea? 

From YUP, an excerpt from As If Silent and Absent: Bonds of Enslavement in the Islamic Middle East by Ehud R. Toledano. A little less purity goes a long way: The Egyptian government finally bans female circumcision. The New Orientalism: Recent best-selling books are distorting the West's view of the Muslim Middle East. Ahmadinejobless: Iran’s radical president is sinking fast, and he knows it. Now, there’s only one man who can keep Mahmoud Ahmadinejad out of the unemployment line: George W. Bush. A review of The Mess They Made: The Middle East after Iraq by Gwynne Dyer. The Way Out: A roundtable discussion of our options for exiting Iraq, with Flynt Leverett, Suzanne Nossel, Charles A. Kupchan, Lawrence J. Korb and Peter W. Galbraith. 

John Allen Paulos on alternative voting methods: Assigning first, second, third choices to candidates could create more accurate results. The mainstreaming of Web video in campaigns is giving candidates and political consultants new avenues to evade disclosure requirement and launch increasingly bitter attacks against rivals. The Facebook Primary: Barack Obama may be the most popular dude in the Facebook universe, but that won't stop the other guys from trying. Cass R. Sunstein on what the iPhone and the Obama campaign have in common. Justin Raimondo on Ron Paul as the conscience of conservatism. Real 9/11 heroes speak out against Rudy: New York City firefighters are out to set the record straight on Rudy Giuliani's 9/11 legacy.

From The New York Observer, Hamptons Secede! Hedgy hedge-fund colony in new iteration, America’s Monaco, as reverse migration kicks in. A review of Conquering Gotham: A Gilded Age Epic: The Construction of Penn Station and Its Tunnels by Jill Jonnes. New York City is the celebrated center for many vital aspects of American culture: publishing, finance, and the arts. It rarely has been credited, however, as a cutting-edge leader in political ideologies. The Numbers Guy on New York City’s gender gap.