From German Law Journal, a review of Law without Nations? Why Constitutional Government Requires Sovereign States and The Case for Sovereignty: Why the World Should Welcome American Independence by Jeremy Rabkin; a review of Transformations of the State?, ed. Stephan Leibfried and Michael Zurn; a  review of Harsh Justice: Criminal Punishment and the Widening Divide between America and Europe by James Q. Whitman; and a review of The Dark Side of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism by David Kennedy. A review of Humanitarian Imperialism: Using Human Rights to Sell War by Jean Bricmont. From Global Law Books, a review of Human Rights and Development: Towards Mutual Reinforcement; and a review of Reclaiming Development in the World Trading System by Lee Yong-Shik.

From TNR, a review of Jesus in the Talmud by Peter Schafer. A review of Rhetoric and Reality in Early Christianities. Studies in Christianity and Judaism. A review of Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. Volume XXXI. An interview with T.M. Scanlon, author of What We Owe to Each Other and The Difficulty of Tolerance: Essays in Political Philosophy. An interview with Nobel Prize laureate Daniel Kahneman on intuition and rationality. An interview with Tyler Cowen, author of Discover Your Inner Economist. The Uncanniness of the Ordinary: Stanley Cavell on how disenchantment is the cure. 

From New Scientist, an article on free will: Is our understanding wrong? Physicist Gerard 't Hooft thinks it is. An article on neuroscience and genetics: Lest we forget or lest we remember? Blatant benevolence and conspicuous consumption: Charity is just as "selfish" as self-indulgence. From Scientific American, is greed good? Economists are finding that social concerns often trump selfishness in financial decision making, a view that helps to explain why tens of millions of people send money to strangers they find on the Internet; and The New Psychology of Leadership: Recent research in psychology points to secrets of effective leadership that radically challenge conventional wisdom.

Miscellaneous: From PopMatters, a review of American Food Writing: An Anthology, with Classic Recipes. From National Journal, the wireless telecommunications industry underwent a tectonic shift Tuesday when federal regulators adopted ambitious rules designed to make it easier for consumers to switch carriers and for new competitors to emerge. A review of The Proms: A new history. Your only son commits murder and is sentenced to life without parole. How do you go on? A review of A New Kind of Normal: Hope-Filled Choices When Life Turns Upside Down by Carol Kent Nelson. How to write a hero: A review of James Fenimore Cooper: The Early Years by Wayne Franklin.

Staying gold for 40 years: With 13.4 million copies sold, teen novel The Outsiders is even more relevant today than when it was first published. A review of Feast: Why Humans Share Food by Martin Jones. First Facebook opened the dorms to the world; now it has turned them into a mini-mall. A review of Planet Chicken: The Shameful Story of the World's Favourite Bird by Hattie Ellis. The Guest from Hell: Savoring Norman Mailer's legendary appearance on The Dick Cavett Show. Who owns the airwaves? The US is auctioning billions of dollars in public airwaves, but it's ignoring a larger crisis in broadband internet competition. A review of People Get Screwed All the Time: Protecting Yourself From Scams, Fraud, Identity Theft, Fine Print, and More by Robert Massi.

A review of Four Seasons in Rome: On Twins, Insomnia, and the Biggest Funeral in the History of the World by Anthony Doerr. A review of The Unnatural History of the Sea by Callum Roberts.  A review of One Red Paperclip: How a Small Piece of Stationery Turned into a Great Big Adventure by Kyle MacDonald. A Law-Abiding Pedophile? Jack McClellan blogs openly about where best to meet girls under the age of 12. The local authorities are watching him, warily. Should just talking about such matters be enough to get him locked up? Creating a less alarming clock: Never mind setting it yourself. It knows exactly when you're ready to wake up.

Miscellaneous: From Japan Focus, an essay on the decision to risk the future: Harry Truman, the atomic bomb and the Apocalyptic narrative. Carlin Romano reviews Death of a Dissident by Alex Goldfarb and The Litvinenko File by Martin Sixsmith. At 17, how many funerals had you been to for a friend killed violently? Dejahnai Harris has been to six, in six months. In a disorienting reverse, a new Constitution re-imposed Portuguese after East Timor became independent in 2002. The marginalized became mainstream again, and the mainstream was marginalized. A review of The Australians: Insiders and Outsiders on the National Character since 1770 by John Hirst (and more). A review of Holding the Bully's Coat: Canada and the US Empire by Linda McQuaig. 

An interview with dissident spy and former KGB general Oleg Kalugin about Putin’s KGB past, the dangers of political activism, and the future of Russian democracy. Hip hip - goodbye? John Howard turns 68. But after 11 years in the top job, is he losing his grip on the Australian electorate?  An interview with Steve Braun, author of Merchant of Death: Money, Guns, Planes and the Man Who Makes War Possible. Five years after the BBC conducted a search for the Greatest Briton of all time, the Liberal Democrat History Group is setting out to find the Greatest Liberal. Remember the agricultural exchanges between the US and USSR? What we can learn from them today.

A review of AK47: The Story of the People's Gun by Michael Hodges. New wonders? Not everyone is happy with the new seven wonders or with the voting method adopted. Effeminate boys who revel in their transgender mannerisms end up in a nowhere space of sexual abuse and bleak future. An NGO in West Bengal is giving them hope by training them in alternative means of livelihood. From LRB, The Rendition of Abu Omar: John Foot awaits the trial of the kidnappers.  The special relationship myth: Britain's supposedly privileged connection with the US is a fallacy: it is neither special nor based on shared values. A review of The United States and Central America: Geopolitical Realities and Regional Fragility by Mark Rosenberg.

Miscellaneous: From The Village Voice, everyone, it seems, has a story of being harassed on the subway. What's yours? Equality is a pretence: Why we should speak up for the other e-word.  Picture and a thousand words: The world of advertising has been shaken up by what a Brazilian city has taken down. A review of Sisterhood, Interrupted: From Radical Women to Grrls Gone Wild by Deborah Siegel. GDP might suffer if everyone takes more holidays, but the result would not necessarily be all bad. Jonathan Cohn on why Giuliani wants millions of Americans to stay uninsured. A review of The Last Thousand Days of the British Empire by Peter Clarke. Eric Rauchway on Norman Pearlstine, Time Inc.'s PlameGate apologist.

A review of Confessions of a Wall Street Shoeshine Boy by Doug Stumpf.  America's Top Ten Sex Scandals: An article on James Buchanan, the first gay president, and other tales of sex and power in Washington. New York City drivers get a bad rap. Or is that rap sheet? Form Radar, a look at 10 ways the early '90s changed the world: From 90210 to 9/11. Who's Doggin' Who? In the land of designer pet collars, pet cemeteries, even pet-themed restaurants and bakeries, dogfighting has reared its ugly head. An interview with Noam Chomsky on Interventions. Salary, Gender and the Social Cost of Haggling: Research suggests that gender differences may help to explain the salary gap. A review of Happy Accidents: Serendipity in Modern Medical Breakthroughs by Morton Meyers. 

Form The New York Observer, The Geezer Roués: The Priapic Pappies may be winding down but they’re not going gently: Fueled by Cialis, dipped and dyed, they still fill the clubs; and Hooray for Celebrity Breakdowns: At least Britney, Lindsay et al. resist siren call of the logo wall. What would Lord Wolfenden make of our metrosexual world? A review of Why I'm Still Married: Women Write Their Hearts Out on Love, Loss, Sex, and Who Does the Dishes.  What kind of philosophy says that it's O.K. to subsidize insurance companies, but not to provide health care to children? Paul Krugman wants to know. A review of King, Kaiser, Tsar: Three Royal Cousins Who Led the World to War by Catrine Clay.

Miscellaneous: Michael Hiscox (Harvard) and David A. Lake (UCSD): Democracy, Federalism, and the Size of States. Roger D. Congleton (George Mason): Constitutional Exchange, Ideology, and Democracy in America. Mathew D. McCubbins (UCSD) and Michael Thies (UCLA): Rationality and the Foundations of Positive Political Theory. Mustafa Turengul (Dumlupınar): The Philosophical Foundations of Management Thought. Lior Strahilevitz (Chicago): "Don't Try This at Home": Posner as Political Economist. Lane Kenworthy (Arizona): Jobs with Equality (Draft book manuscript). From Springerin, an article on the violence of participation: Spatial practices beyond models of consensus.

A review of The Philosopher in Early Modern Europe: The Nature of a Contested Identity. A review of Elucidating the Tractatus: Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy of Logic and Language by Marie McGinn. A review of Toleration: A Critical Introduction by Catriona McKinnon. What happens when a socialist applies the insights of Austrian economics? A review of Socialism After Hayek by Theodore A. Burczak. From Wired, an article on the Ultimate Diagnostic Device (by the way, you've got drug-resistant TB!) Research reveals why slim people dislike the overweight. Giving Science the Finger: Generalizations based on hand shape not only are formulated from small pools of data, but smack of pseudo science. A review of A Social History of Dying by Allan Kellehear.

A review of Mistakes Were Made (But Not by Me): We Justify Foolish Beliefs, Bad Decisions, and Hurtful Acts by Carol Tavris and Elliot Aronson. A review of Hurricane Season: A Coach, His Team and Their Triumph in the Time of Katrina by Neal Thompson. Teaching to the Test: A review of Tested: One American School Struggles to Make the Grade by Linda Perlstein. Iran's thought criminals: Kian Tajbakhsh - a scholar, social scientist and urban planner - is languishing in an Iranian jail. Why?  A review of Liberty: The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France by Lucy Moore. The Chinese have this map to demonstrate that the story of how the West discovered the World is only one of many versions of the very earliest form of globalisation.

From Host, the notion of the canon in Czech literary studies is being challenged by a relativist, postmodern approach to history. Its proponents claim this constitutes a revolution, though literary critic Pavel Janousek is sceptical. Established schemas are predominantly an illusion. From TLS, a review of The Same Solitude: Boris Pasternak and Marina Tsvetaeva by Catherine Ciepiela. Authors in couples make for unhappy endings: Writers are often drawn to each other romantically, but very often a sorry tale ensues. A review of Mrs Woolf and the Servants: the Hidden Heart of Domestic Service by Alison Light. 

From Harper's, European conservatism is an important, even compelling, intellectual tradition. But also a problematic one. And a poem by German Romanticist Clemens Brentano demonstrates its promise and its problems in an unusual way. The land that gave the world Robert Burns also has the dubious honor of producing the "world's worst poet". Now fans of the hapless William McGonagall are campaigning to put him in the pantheon of Scottish literary greats.

A review of The Medieval World of Isidore de Seville: Truth from Words by John Henderson and The Etymologies of Isidore de Seville by Stephen A. Barney et al. A review of Nature, Culture, and the Origins of Greek Comedy: A Study of Animal Choruses by Kenneth S. Rothwell, Jr. A review of Vase Painting, Gender, and Social Identity in Archaic Athens by Mark D. Stansbury-O'Donnell. 

Jerome Weeks on a book all critics should own, Gail Pool's Faint Praise: The Plight of Book Reviewing in America. Books should not be marketing tools: When books rather than press releases start issuing from multinational firms, it's time to put on the brakes. The vanished age of editorial indulgence: Publishers used to stand by their authors. These days authors need to stand by each other. The Indie Files: How Chicago Underground Library catalogues a cultural moment. The university town of literary lives: North America has many attractions for the visiting bibliophile, but none so densely packed as in OxfordCharles Simic is the new Poet Laureate of the United States. But what kind of Poet Laureate will Simic be? (and more)

From PINR, an article on how India's interests are at stake in its relationship with China. A review of The Elephant and the Dragon The Rise of India and China, and What It Means for All of Us by Robyn Meredith. A review of The Dragon and the Elephant: China, India and the World Order by David Smith. Possessing two of the fastest growing economies in the world, India and China have long cast wary eyes at one another, especially over disputed border territories. The recent upsurge in military exchanges and cooperation between China and India has focused on two contentious issues: counter-terrorism and joint military exercises. From Asia Times, an article on India's quiet sea power and an interview with Andrew Field on China's primal scream.

From FrontPage, an interview with Ami Gluska, author of The Israeli Military and the Origins of the 1967 War: Government, Armed Forces and Defence Policy 1963-67; and an interview with Mitchell Bard, author of Will Israel Survive? A review of Lawrence and Aaronsohn: T.E. Lawrence, Aaron Aaronsohn, and the Seeds of the Arab-Israeli Conflict by Ronald Florence. A review of The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the World We Live In by Hugh Kennedy. 

From Cafe Babel, Switzerland: Very rich, yes, very neutral, but... too isolated? On 1 August Switzerland celebrated its national holiday, but still isn't any closer to joining the EU, whose policy it is often subject to but cannot influence. Of finance and philosophy: France's finance minister has asked her countrymen to stop philosophising and start working. But she doesn't realise how lucrative thinking can be. A look at how rightwing Nicolas Sarzoky is pursuing a political strategy learned from Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci. Squaring the circle is a proverbial way of describing something impossible. Jacques-Guillaume Thouret set himself an even more daunting task: squaring the hexagône.

From The Nation, we need a law to define and limit the President's claim of executive privilege, and should set a process for Congress to overcome it.  Challenging the GOP's Filibluster: The Senate Democrats' strategy in dealing with Republican obstruction hasn't worked so far. Here's what they should do instead. Russ Feingold is not from the real world: The maverick senator, subject of a new biography, is the latest embodiment of a long and unique Wisconsin tradition. From Brainwash, an interview with Mike Gravel, Liberaltarian? That Old-Time Religion: John Derbyshire on the Ron Paul temptation.  A review of No Excuses: Concessions of a Serial Campaigner by Robert Shrum.

From Catalyst, a review of Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and the Durable Future by Bill McKibben and Capitalism 3.0: A Guide to Reclaiming the Commons by Peter Barnes. More on Alan Weisman's book The World Without Us. Nuke Power is Earth's Friend: It’s time to replace coal power with wind and, yes, nuclear. A Cure for Oil Addicts: Amory Lovins tells how we can leave the age of gas pumps profitably and painlessly. A public university sociology department has recently announced the discovery of the most toxic element yet known to social science: Capitalisium.

From Writ, when Vermont's, San Francisco's, and other cities' and towns' constituents call for impeachment of the president and vice-president, must their federal representatives listen? An essay on the ethics of Representative-Constituent relations.  Power to the People: A look at the Democracy Foundation's plan to create a fourth branch of government. Originalist Sins: The faux originalism of Justice Clarence Thomas.

From The New Yorker, an unsolved killing: Jeffrey Toobin on the murder of Tom Wales, Assistant US Attorney. A study finds blacks who kill whites are most likely to be executed. A review of The Innocent Man: Murder and Injustice in Small Town by John Grisham. The Drug War’s Collateral Damage: Those victimized by a crackdown on marijuana since the early ’90s can be denied everything from food stamps to voting rights to the right to adopt a child. 

From Bitch, a review of Pushed: The Painful Truth about Childbirth and Modern Maternity Care by Jennifer Block. Premature Education? Why Barack Obama’s sex ed policy makes sense.  An article on contraception as The Unspoken Campaign Issue. Barbara Ehrenreich on Opportunities in Abstinence Training: Chastity advocates, lay off the adolescents and concentrate on the vast numbers of middle-aged and elderly who aren't getting any. Make them feel good about their lifestyle choice! An interview with Jacqueline Taylor, author of Waiting for the Call: From Preacher's Daughter to Lesbian Mom. Straights go gay: Legalisation of gay sex has changed what it means to be straight. My trans mission: Sex-change surgery is the modern equivalent of aversion therapy for homosexuals. Dirty politics: Has the Right Wing hijacked raunch?

Joseph Raz (Oxford): Reasons: Explanatory and Normative. Daniel Kahneman (Princeton) and and Cass Sunstein (Chicago): Indignation: Psychology, Politics, Law.  From PS: Political Science and Politics, Hugh McIntosh, Daniel Hart (Rutgers), and James Youniss (CUA): The Influence of Family Political Discussion on Youth Civic Development: Which Parent Qualities Matter?

Joseph A. Pull (Yale): Questioning the Fundamental Right to Marry; Andrew Blair-Stanek (Yale); Defaults and Choices in the Marriage Contract; Goutam U. Jois (Harvard): Marital Status as Property: Toward a New Jurisprudence for Gay Rights; Gary J. Simson (Cornell): Beyond Interstate Recognition in the Same-Sex Marriage Debate; Sanford N Katz (BC): New Directions for Family Law in the United States.

A review of The Legend of Alexander the Great on Greek and Roman Coins by Karsten Dahmen. An excerpt from Death in Ancient Rome by Catharine Edwards. A review of The Freedman in Roman Art and Art History by Lauren Hackworth Petersen. A review of Hadrian's Wall and its People by Geraint Osborn. A review of City Government in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor by Sviatoslav Dmitriev. A review of Economy and Society in the Age of Justinian by Peter Sarris.

From The New York Observer, can’t we all just get along? Judith Rodin transformed the relationship between the University of Pennsylvania and its Philadelphia neighborhood. What can she teach Lee Bollinger about Columbia and Harlem? Ward of the State: Why the state of Colorado was right to sack Ward Churchill. Testing Tenure: Is tenure justified? Michael Shermer investigates. Who’s a nerd, anyway? Someone very, very white, for one thing. From PopMatters, The Campus Beat: The tug of war continues over students’ free speech and press rights. A review of April 16th: Virginia Tech Remembers and Sugarcane Academy: How A New Orleans Teacher And His Storm-Struck Students Created A School To Remember by Michael Tisserand. A review of Parts per Million: The Poisoning of Beverly Hills High School by Joy Horowitz.

From Zeek, if not now, when? And if now, why? A review of Jews and American Popular Culture. Nazi propaganda and the Holocaust: A review of "Davon haben wir nichts gewusst!" Die Deutschen und die Judenverfolgung 1933-1945 by Peter Longerich and The Jewish Enemy, Nazi Propaganda during World War II and the Holocaust by Jeffrey Herf. A Woman Out of Time: In 1938, at the height of U.S. isolationism, Americans devoured Phyllis Bottome's chronicle of a German-Jewish family's struggle to survive under the Nazi regime. A new issue of Open Letters Monthly is out, including Onion Skins and Grass Cuttings: Joanna Scutts is judge and jury over the reviewers of Gunter Grass’s Peeling the Onion, who rather too frequently forgot they were supposed to be considering a book; and reading a book rendered from Polish to French to English is like playing a game of Telephone. Andrew Crocker expounds on the pleasures of translations.

From The Believer, a look at The Official Guide to Official Handbooks: The rich legacy of putting others in their cultural place; can fiction be music? A review of Vain Art of the Fugue by Dumitru Tsepeneag; and what losses can language recover? A review of Notebook of Roses and Civilization by Nicole Brossard. A review of The First Word: The Search for the Origins of Language by Christine Kenneally.

From Radar, My Bare Lady: An interview with Dita Von Teese, burlesque goddess of the boho set, on manners, maturity, and the problem with Marilyn. From Cafe Babel, pixel pirates, VJ-ing and Ars Electronica: Digital arts make their mark in all different artistic genres. A virtual journey. A review of E.O. Hoppé's Amerika: Modernist Photographs from the 1920s. From TLS, an article on subjective dread, self-dramatization and intimacy in Pugin's first work as an architect. From Sign and Sight, he story of the potato: Peter Michalzik talks to Luk Perceval and Thomas Thieme about self-loathing, the Dalai Lama and Moliere

Joshua Fairfield (Indiana): Anti-Social Contracts: The Contractual Governance of Online Communities. Roman Catholic missionaries must reap a virtual harvest of cyber-souls in the kingdom of Second Life: this is the new instruction to the faithful. The new American way of death: Morbid curiosity and ridicule have replaced respect for the deceased at MyDeathSpace, where your life is an open book — even when you're 6 feet under. It’s Like YouTube Without the Cute Kitties: Next New Networks will pay for user-generated content and package it pretty. A monkey versus a dog. Who would win in a fight? Wikipedia has the answer, but sometimes being a source of such answers comes at a price. Here are the best undiscovered clips on the Web.