Miscellaneous: From the African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, J.R. Kehl (Rutgers): Emerging markets in Africa. Democratic revolution: The British dependency of Sark may pay a price for losing its feudal exceptionalism.  An interview with Sara Bongiorni, author of A Year Without “Made in China”. Broken China: Beijing can't clean up the environment, rein in stock speculation, or police its companies. Easter Island fights prosperity: Mayor Pedro Edmunds wants "his people" to be lovable. They're more interested in getting rich. Will lifting the ban on trade in tiger parts save the tiger? A look at both sides of the debate that raged during the recent international workshop on tiger conservation in Harbin, China. Birth of a Nation: Here is Radar's guide to starting your own country. Here's a list of the world’s Ten Best and Ten Worst flags. What does the Lal Masjid mosque siege tell us about the growth of extremism in Pakistan? Pervez Hoodbhoy investigates. 

Researchers explore Siberia's role in climate change. From Cafe Babel, sea, sex and sun? Now that the heat of summer has arrived, discover the hot topics covered by the Eurotik blog: sex toys, sleazy politics, and hot Commission publicity campaigns. A review of Merchant of Death: Money, Guns, Planes, and the Man Who Makes War Possible by Douglas Farah and Stephen Braun. He showed up a year ago in Mannheim train station. But despite efforts to identify him, authorities still know almost nothing about the man who calls himself Karl. Except: He likes drawing pictures of cars and speaks only English.  The Uighur Sanction, or, The Squeaky Jesus Gets the Fig: A Muslim's fasting irritates him – if you've ever spent the month of Ramadan in a Muslim country, you know what he means. An Evangelical Christian's proselytizing irritates others. Dick Cheney irritates everyone.

Lane Kenworthy, Sondra Barringer, Daniel Duerr, and Garrett Andrew Schneider (Arizona): The Democrats and Working-Class Whites. A look at Republicans who question the war, nut not George Bush. FOIA at 40: Can it still help the public examine its government? An interview with with Lucy Dalglish, of The Reporters' Committee for Freedom of the Press, about the Bush administration's love of secrecy... and the media's lack of outrage. Another timetable for withdrawal: The quiet departure of Jim Gilmore from the presidential race is a reminder that many candidates will — sooner or later — be pursuing exit strategies of their own. Dr. Yes-Man: Dr. James Holsinger doesn't inspire confidence that, if confirmed as surgeon general, he would be independent enough to withstand Bush's political and ideological pressure.  Kenneth Rogoff on how Americans will eventually learn that deficits do matter

A review of The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years Reporting in Washington by Robert Novak (and more and an interview, and more from The New York Observer). From Think Tank, an interview with Robert Novak. The Vitter Effect: How does news of an outspoken Christian senator’s fall from grace play in the evangelical community? Media Culpa: Michael C. Moynihan on blaming the press for Iraq. Do Americans expect too much from this Congress? In November, voters dissatisfied with the Iraq war saw a savior in the Democrats. And then reality paid a visit. Michael Currie Schaffer on Joseph Wilson's selfless self-promotion. Bush the albatross: He's not running in '08, but history shows his bad ratings can swamp the GOP. Here's a general guideline to the candidates' positions on some of the top issues. Marital Discord: Bill Clinton was the ultimate free trader. But Hillary, tacking left, is sounding protectionist notes. Can Bill win this argument? 

Miscellaneous: The epic narcissism of Cindy Sheehan: Everyone is getting tired of the sanctimonious peace activist, who threatens to run against Nancy Pelosi and does a photo shoot on her son's grave. Concrete Policies Based on Concrete Values: The case for building our public policy on our professed beliefs. A response to Ezra Klein's "Overvaluing American Values. Stakes in kidneys: Trading organs for cash is illegal, so how can more be made available for transplant? Alfred, Bruce, and Percy — No Sissies: Names considered effeminate today were originally made famous by big, pugnacious men. So where did we go wrong? A review of Margaret Fuller: An American Romantic Life. Here are 17 reasons (or more) to stop charging people to ride the bus. A Battle Between the Bottle and the Faucet: Thirsty? How much money do you have on you?  Is the GOP political platform contrary to Catholic teaching? Glenn Greenwald wants to know. 

From Bitch, a review of You Never Call! You Never Write! A History of the Jewish Mother by Joyce Antler. From Business Week, a look at what drives the success of the "big brains" of the investing world—and what ordinary investors can learn from them. From Forbes, here are some Black Swan possibilities for the near and far future.  What Ever Happened to Gary Cooper? A few words about gender differences. A review of Hold Everything Dear: Dispatches on Survival and Resistance by John Berger. Arthur C. Brooks on the Left's "inequality" obsession. Generation Lloyd Dobler: Brian Doherty on the fight to avoid buying, selling, or processing in a wealthy modernity.  If you're 50-plus, female, have a penchant for hats and are keen to "grow old outrageously", the Red Hat Society might be the thing for you. The Ethanol Backlash: Daniel Gross on the environmentalists, economists, and poverty activists who are turning against corn fuel.

A review of Let's Spend the Night Together: Backstage Secrets of Rock Muses and Supergroupies by Pamela Des Barres.  14,000 reasons to be skeptical: Corporate takeovers — not a strong, stable economy — are fueling Wall Street's latest bubble. Back From the Dead: Doctors are reinventing how they treat sudden cardiac arrest, which is fatal 95 percent of the time. A report from the border between life and death. No Sex Please, We're Organizing: A nation of pack rats tries to get it together. The machines are already taking over: The real problem with a machine-driven society isn’t the machines themselves; it’s the relationships they create—or replace. Make Love, Not War? Why not have it both ways? Dropping a "gay bomb" on enemy soldiers might prove to distract them, yes, but these incapacitants, though no less harsh, will make the enemy forget what they were ever fighting for. 

A review of The Selected Papers of Margaret Sanger, Volume 1: The Woman Rebel, 1900-1928 and Volume 2: Birth Control Comes of Age, 1928-1939. How the Farm Bill affects more than just farms: The stealthy Farm Bill has fooled Americans for years into thinking it only affects people who wear overalls to work.  Meat is murder on the environment: A kilogram of beef is responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions and other pollution than driving for 3 hours while leaving all the lights on back home. A passing reference to Scientology in an article by Annie Lawson prompted an invitation from the church in Melbourne to hear its story. This is what she discovered.  A review of Keeping House: The Litany of Everyday Life by Margaret Kim Peterson. From The Brookings Institution, a paper on Rediscovering Federalism. From Daily Mail, won't anyone stand up for God?

Miscellaneous: Village voice: To know what's happening around the world, you must ask the locals, the anthropologist Melissa Leach says. A review of Roman Satire by Daniel M. Hooley. Separated by Birth: Sister takes on sister in the debate over sibling IQ. An anti-evolutionary Christian extremist suspected of sending threatening letters to biology professors at the University of Colorado has gone on the lam. How we know where our lost keys are: In feature-based attention, neurons form the search patterns we use to find familiar objects in unexplored places. A review of Polytheism and Society in Ancient Athens by Robert Parker. Though he gave up a successful music career in favor of particle physics, Brian Cox can't seem to escape showbiz. A rising science communicator in the UK, he advised director Danny Boyle on the new sci-fi thriller, Sunshine. Fictional Reality: Sci-fi helped make the present; now it's obsolete.

The title of the newest book in Harvard University Press's I Tatti series, Ciceronian Controversies, will not seem self-evidently arousing to a large sector of the reading public.  Math as a Civil Right: A longtime activist in the civil rights movement now teaches that mathematical literacy is the key to full participation in the country's economy. From Japan Focus, an article on Ruth Benedict's obituary for Japanese culture. A passion for order: Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus was an early information architect. He believed that every kind of plant and animal on Earth should be named and classified. Forecasting human behaviour carries big risks: Computerised forecasting techniques are certainly useful for stores, but flawed when it comes to complex human issues. A review of On the wealth of nations by PJ O'Rourke.

A man out of time: A review of Globalisation, terrorism and democracy by Eric Hobsbawm. A review of Practical Research Methods for Media and Cultural Studies: Making People Count by Máire Messenger Davies and Nick Mosdell. Cryptic species – animals that appear identical but are genetically quite distinct – may be much more widespread than previously thought. Max Blumenthal on Generation Chickenhawk: The Unauthorized College Republican Convention Tour. The case against summer: Despite its widespread appeal, the long summer break is one of the worst innovations in the history of education. It should be abolished. Is K–12 education really lagging badly, or have we "raised our sights"? Diane Ravitch answers the tough questions. The Technium and the 7th Kingdom: A talk with Kevin Kelly of Wired magazine. Making a monkey out of science: Scholarly debate was ripe for popular satire in the 19th century.

From The New York Observer, The Pisher Kings: With a dearth of fame-worthy men, overhyped youngsters like Shia LaBeouf and Pete Wentz are taking over our culture, our thoughts, our lives. Where are you, Johnny Depp? Simpson Family Values: A cartoon family whacked America's funny bone in 1989, eventually becoming the longest-running TV comedy ever. As The Simpsons jumps to the big screen this month, not everyone involved—including the writers, the voices, and Rupert Murdoch—agrees on what has made it a pop phenomenon. Life is Swell: An interview with Matt Groening his dreams, his alt-weekly past and, oh yeah, The Simpsons Movie.

Assimilation and its Discontents: Why Jews love hip-hop (and try so hard to befriend black people). Say It Loud! PopMatters picks the 65 Great Protest Songs. An article on Manu Chao as a: musical political upstart. Mann and his musical demons: Thomas Mann was all too aware of the ties between music and Nazi ideology, writes Wolfgang Schneider. Drowned in sound: A review of Manifesto for Silence: Confronting the Politics and Culture of Noise by Stuart Sim. In an era that devalues contact, silence is the new no: How passive refusal is quickly rendering outright rejection an anachronism.

The Rise of the Seventh Letter: Once you know what you’re looking for, your sixth (make that your seventh) sense will kick in and you’ll start seeing them everywhere — on empty walls surrounding vacant lots, on the ramparts of the L.A. River, along freeways, on billboards... everywhere. Just what the doctor ordered: Eclipsed by sneaker culture, Dr Martens' moment as a symbol of youth rebellion has long gone, but the company is fighting back with the biggest reboot in its history. Rebel with a cause: Why certain products are used as markers of difference. Breaking Away: In the ’70s, a time of freedom and openness, people felt an obligation to embrace new experiences: by going somewhere unknown you might discover who you were, or could be.

From PINR, a look at why China will not cave to pressure over trade imbalance. The Wild Wild East of Capitalism: Traders in London and New York aren’t quite sure what to make of China’s chaotic stock markets. An interview with Asia economist Andy Xie on the unique psychology of Chinese investors, why the country’s markets are crashing, and how that matters 7,300 miles away on Wall Street. A review of China: Fragile Superpower—How China's Internal Politics Could Derail its Peaceful Rise by Susan L. Shirk. Why the mainland's problems could keep it from becoming the next superpower. 

The Green Leap Forward: Environmentalism is China’s fastest-growing citizen movement. Beijing isn’t cracking down on these new activists—it’s empowering them; and a review of Charm Offensive: How China’s Soft Power Is Transforming the World by Joshua Kurlantzick (and more). An interview with Adam Minter on the future of Catholicism in China. An interview with James Farrer, author of Opening Up: Youth Sex Culture and Market Reform in Shanghai. Marx loses currency in new China: Teaching socialism is mandatory, but learning it is monotonous for today's students, who revere money more than Mao. A review of Inside the Red Mansion: On the Trail of China's Most Wanted Man by Oliver August. An interview with Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsein Loong: "Nobody can control China".

Form LRB, what is remembered so powerfully in Hong Kong about Tiananmen cannot even be mentioned on the other side of the border that separates the Special Administrative Region from the rest of the People’s Republic of China. Ten years ago, as Britain handed over Hong Kong to the Chinese, the predictions for its future were uniformly bleak. So far, however, the pessimists have been proved wrong.

A new issue of The New Leader is out, including William L. O’Neill reviewing 15 Stars: Eisenhower, MacArthur, Marshall: Three Generals Who Saved the American Century by Stanley Weintraub and Partners in Command: George Marshall and Dwight Eisenhower in War and Peace by Mark Perry. A review of The Pentagon: A History by Steve Vogel. The CIA often has shaped information to meet White House expectations: A review of Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA by Tim Weiner. From Harper's, meet the Pentagon’s New Spin Unit: Bush Administration hacks court bloggers, talk radio.

From Taki's Top Drawer, Paul Gottfried on the Neocons and the Left: Know Your Enemies; and more on The Kirk Wars. A review of What's Left? How Liberals Lost Their Way by Nick Cohen. What if they held a War of Ideas and nobody came? Jonathan Chait wants to know. A review of Putting Morality Back Into Politics by Richard D. Ryder.

The US should adopt the toughest possible fuel economy standards for motor vehicles and join a global framework for managing carbon dioxide emissions, according to a Bush administration-commissioned study of the energy industry, led by the former chairman of ExxonMobil. The End of Cheap Oil? The new cycle of resource nationalism is bad news. A review of Storm World: Hurricanes, Politics, and the Battle Over Global Warming by Chris Mooney (and an interview). A deadly challenge to the environment: There are more people alive today than ever before. What will the environmental costs be when we all die? From Plenty, a review of  The World Without Us by Alan Weisman (and an interview, and another interview and more).

Joseph Raz (Oxford): Numbers, With and Without Contractualism. Leslie C. Griffin (Houston): Political Reason. Louis Michael Seidman (Georgetown): Can Constitutionalism Be Leftist? Paul Edelman and Tracey George (Vanderbilt): Six Degrees of Cass Sunstein: Collaboration Networks in Legal Scholarship. Jeffrey Lipshaw (Suffolk): Memo to Lawyers: How Not to "Retire and Teach".

Gertrude Himmelfarb reviews Our First Revolution: The Remarkable British Upheaval That Inspired America's Founding Fathers by Michael Barone. A review of The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy. An interview with Roger Crisp on John Stuart Mill's utilitarian ethical theory. A review of Motherland: A Philosophical History of Russia by Lesley Chamberlain. A review of Whitehead's Radically Different Postmodern Philosophy: An Argument for Its Contemporary Relevance by David Ray Griffin. Philosopher in Thought Only: Hannah Arendt fucked a philosopher, but she didn't want to be one. An interview with Gerald J. Russello, author of The Postmodern Imagination of Russell Kirk. A review of John Lott’s Freedomnomics.

From National Review, an article on sex & the single college student: Conservatives engage the culture. From Nerve's "History of Single Life", an article on Abelard and Heloise: teacher-student sex in the Middle Ages.  Why and when Ph.D. students finish: New data point to importance of money and mentors — and to significant differences by discipline. A review of The Sandbox Investment: The Preschool Movement and Kids-First Politics by David Kirp. 

From TLS, books we have never read: A review of How to discuss books that one hasn’t read by Pierre Bayard; Brain droppings and brats of humour: A review of New Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1768-1773; a review of Being Prez: The life and music of Lester Young by Dave Gelly; and a statement from the Commission for Racial Equality, calling the book “racist claptrap” which should be removed from bookshops, has made Tintin in the Congo into a bestseller.

The masses aren't asses: Harry Potter is a true literary success — no matter what some critics say. Harry's next conquest: Academia: A massive conference planned for Toronto next month will explore all things Potter. Pottering Around: The end is near! Scott McLemee checks on the scholarly response to Harry Potter as devotees await the final chapter. Hogwarts U.: With courses, clubs, and quidditch at colleges across the nation, the magic of J.K. Rowling's wizarding world is far from ending. A look at how the Christian Fantasy Genre builds niche without Hogwarts, muggles or spells.

From Busted Halo, Jane Austen meets Jesus: The book that will make John D. Spaliding rich and famous. A brief history of American Audio Bibles: Casting Samuel L. Jackson in the role of God says as much about the power of Pulp Fiction as it does about hermeneutics, but imagine a God that sounded like Eartha Kitt. From Ars Disputandi, God, Master of Arts: An essay on the relation between art and religion: What does theology have to do with art in this (post)modern period? A review of Fra Filippo Lippi: The Carmelite Painter by Megan Holmes. A review of Mosaics as History: The Near East from Late Antiquity to Islam by G.W. Bowersock. 

From Common-place, National Character: An article on Daniel Day-Lewis, American historian. Treks and tales from the far North: Inuit artists share the stories that inform their art; the Porcupine caribou herd on awesome parade – and a photographer who isn't afraid to risk lens and limb. Grow op, garburetor, and timbits are a few of the words expected to be added to the Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles in its first revamp in 40 years. Time to say au revoir and arrivederci to misplaced romantic notions: Claire Prentice on shattering national stereotypes. 

A review of American Food Writing: An Anthology With Classic Recipes. The deep delicious South: John T. Edge, America's bard of Southern food, talks about Kool-Aid pickles, eating with the KKK, and how okra might be the ultimate tool of integration. A review of Bad Food Britain: How a Nation Ruined its Appetite by Joanna Blythman. Rise of the terroiristes: Appellations began in 1935 to protect French winegrowers from fraud. Now they are found on everything from cheese to fruit to hay. They are not just a brand for the brandless, writes Andrew Jefford, but a way of sensually mapping the world. The beer-ifation of class: Catherine Tsai deconstructs the process by which a new style of beer is born.

It is time for Ban Ki-moon to speak up and speak out: After six months in the job, the UN secretary general should be taking the lead, but his record so far is underwhelming. The UN chief doesn't have to shout to get results: Be it on Darfur or climate change, Ban Ki-moon has already made diplomatic gains. In I Wouldn't Start from Here: A Misguided Tour of the Early 21st Century, Andrew Mueller catalogues his travels in some of the world's most benighted places - including Kosovo, Palestine, Libya, Sarajevo, Afghanistan and Iraq - as he grapples with "possibly the most maddening mystery of our time" (and more).  A Tale of Three Tribes: The dilemma of ethnic minorities lies in the choice between preserving cultures and integrating individuals into a broader society. 

From Roots, we should put a wit virus into the established system of ethnic, religious, language, and any other kind of exclusivism: Macedonian author Pajo Avirovic on how a joke goes along way in a society riven by ethnic tension; and how can it be that the primary concern of Macedonian politics is not, as in most other European countries, economic and democratic development, but fear of annihilation? A review of Understanding Evil: Lessons from Bosnia by Keith Doubt. Jean Tirole on four principles for an effective state: Meeting the expectations of its citizens will require the French state to become more effective. Under Nicolas Sarkozy, France represses its controversial history. Bernard-Henri Levy reviews Sarkozy's Testimony: France in the Twenty-First Century. Theodore Dalrymple on Tony Blair's domestic legacy: corruption and the erosion of liberty. A. A. Gill loves the English language but detests the English people: A review of The Angry Island: Hunting the English.  

Who knew Bill Kristol had such a flair for satire? David Corn on why Bush is a loser. You don’t have to dust for long before finding Dick Cheney’s grimy fingerprints all over the Bush crime scene. It’s becoming clearer by the day that behind every one of Bush’s illegal actions lurks the shadow of the Vice President. Sean Wilentz on debating Dick Cheney's view of executive power. Attention, small-government conservatives: Ever helpful, this column has found yet another reason to be unhappy with President Bush. He appears to be the biggest regulator since the Nixon-Ford years. King George W, Madison's worst nightmare: This is the war-making imperial President that Madison, Jefferson and Washington warned us about. J'accuse George W Bush: Why are we relying on a sports commentator to attack the US president? Where's our modern-day Emile Zola

The Power of the Campaign Narrative: All successful presidential candidates have had a coherent, appealing story, while the losers tell bad stories — or more often, no story at all. Cheating pols: Americans can live with adultery, but we still love a love story.  The Transformer: Barack Obama is transmogrifying one-man American amalgam: First, he floors black church, then Mr. Slick for lawyers; "We’re worried about building enthusiasm for grass roots". Is Obama the next JFK? At first glance, says Theodore Sorensen, John F. Kennedy and Barack Obama seem notably different. But the parallels in their candidacies are striking. From The Progressive, an interview with Elizabeth Edwards. The Real Bill Richardson: Is the presidential contender a libertarian Democrat?

From Policy Review, Robert Kagan on End of Dreams, Return of History. From Monthly Review, from military Keynesianism to global-neoliberal militarism: The unique positive U.S. relationship between economic recovery and heavy bouts of military spending (if not war) has remained up to the present. More and more on Are We Rome? by Cullen Murphy. The challenge of imperialism: Fifty years ago, Senator John F. Kennedy shook the foreign policy establishment with a speech that questioned Cold War verities — and anticipated America's problems in the Middle East today. A review of The Matador's Cape: America's Reckless Response to Terror by Stephen Holmes. Michael Burleigh reviews Globalisation, Democracy and Terrorism by Eric Hobsbawm. A review of The Secret History of Al-Qaida by Abdel Bari Atwan. Sticks, stones, and names: Sure we should respond to terrorism with calm, tactical rationality. We should also call its perpetrators what they are: scum, writes Carlin Romano. 

From Christianity Today, What Scandal? Whose Conscience? A review of Scandal of the Evangelical Conscience by Ronald Sider; and can we talk? An article on the Gospel in political captivity, revisited. A review of The Political Teachings of Jesus by Tod Lindberg. Benedict the Brander muscles his message: The Pope's focus on Catholic fundamentals scares reformers but works miracles, marketers say. An article on The Ratzinger Effect: more money, more pilgrims – and lots more Latin. A look at why the Pope is boosting Latin Mass. Could the Latin Mass save Western civilization? (and more)  Should the Latin Mass scare Jews?  A review of Inquisition: the Reign of Fear by Toby Green (and more). 

Roger Scruton on A Righter Shade of Green: While the Left pursues environmentalism to advance its global agenda, conservation is best entrusted to local stewardship. We need to save ourselves from ourselves: James Surowiecki on fuel efficiency. Worse Than Gasoline: Liquid coal would produce roughly twice the global warming emissions of gasoline. You are now free to pollute about the country: Air travel is the latest guilt trip for the environmentally conscious consumer. Here's how flying contributes to global warming and what is being done to cool the jets. Climate change debate hinges on economics: Lawmakers doubt voters would fund big carbon cuts. Environmentalism for Billionaires: How businesses are looking to cash in on global warming with green-washed plans that aren't as eco-friendly as they seem. 

There has never been a tougher time to be wealthy: No matter how much money you happen to be making right now, the sad truth is that many of the things you covet most may well remain tantalizingly out of reach. What Edwards doesn't get about poverty: John Edwards's failure to appeal to low-income voters proves the poor want more than just new programs. From prophylactics and toilet cleaners to white yachts and a white-tablecloth restaurant: The amazing journey of a high-school dropout who realized dollars were just tokens in a larger game. Paul Krugman on why universal health care opponents have no case. From The New Yorker, a review of Michael Moore's Sicko. The MSM's Michael Moore Inferiority Complex: In a world full of political provocateurs and public hotheads, why is it that only Michael Moore triggers the media's all-too-absent obsession with factual accuracy? Because he scares them.