From Monthly Review, the revolt against U.S. hegemony in Latin America in the opening years of the twenty-first century constitutes nothing less than a new historical moment. A review of Hugo Chávez: The Definitive Biography of Venezuela's Controversial President by Cristina Marcano and Alberto Barrera Tyszka. A review of The Americano: Fighting With Castro for Cuba's Freedom by Aran Shetterly. Myths and Realities of the Arms Race: Despite appearances, Venezuela is far behind Washington's two main allies in Latin America, Colombia and Chile, in the purchase of weapons.

You may not have noticed it, but Africa is booming. Yet just when the world’s poorest continent is finally starting to see real economic growth, the resource curse threatens to snatch it all away.  The downward slide of the fishing industry in Kenya represents an interesting study of economic behaviour, with key actors caught in a classical "tragedy of the commons". The Child Soldiers of Staten Island: While Hollywood swoons over teen guerrillas, the real lost boys are hidden in plain sight. How often do we hear that hackneyed expression, "A picture is worth a thousand words"? For once this cliché has been rejuvenated following the harrowing and powerful drawings made by children in refugee camps, who escaped from the atrocities being committed in Sudan.

Surge of Suicide Bombers: The Iraq war has turned into a veritable "martyr" factory, unlike any seen in previous conflicts; and Profiles in Killing: In spite of the stereotypes, there is no typical suicide bomber. A look at those who believed they would find paradise by sending others to their deaths. Though there was little warmth shared between Gordon Brown and President Bush last week, it seemed the two men were on the same page on issues like Iraq and fighting terrorists. Or were they? A report finds high-ranking Army and Air Force personnel violated long-standing military regulations when they participated in a promotional video for an evangelical Christian organization while in uniform and on active duty. 

George Bush, Hegelian: David Greenberg on the president's quest for a sense of "history". An Unimpeachably Bad Idea: Trying to impeach Bush would be a dumb move for Democrats.  A look at how to resign in public like a coward. An interview with Danielle Crittenden, author of The President’s Secret IMs. Hillary Control: The women of “Hillaryland” have constructed a carefully managed, always on-message, leakproof campaign. But is this a good thing? A review of Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency by Nigel Hamilton. Rudy and the Religious Nuts: Why he gets a free pass. The Other Man From Hope: Mike Huckabee, the likable longshot in the Republican presidential race.

Army of One: Andrew J. Bacevich on the Overhyping of David Petraeus. Will the United States remain the “indispensable nation” in global affairs under these new conditions? Brent Scowcroft investigates. Pundits and politicians have admitted to being wrong about Iraq. Shouldn't the American public do the same? From National Journal, if Guantanamo Bay closed today, what would we do with the suspected terrorists we capture tomorrow? A review of The Sutras of Abu Ghraib: Notes From a Conscientious Objector in Iraq by Aidan Delgado. Why do they hate us? Strange answers lie in al-Qaida's writings. Fear, Frenzy, and FISA: How the Bush administration has kept Congress locked in a September 12 state of panic.  

From TNR, liberals love Barry Goldwater? That's not right. From Dissent, Johann Hari reviews What’s Left? How Liberals Lost Their Way by Nick Cohen (and a response by Cohen and a reply). A review of The Threat to Reason: How the Enlightenment Was Hijacked and How We Can Reclaim It by Dan Hind.  The Road to Rightville: The essays in the anthology Why I Turned Right offer a tantalizing clue as to how conservative pundit-intellectuals manage to connect so unfailingly with a mass audience.  A review of Comrades: A World History of Communism by Robert Service. From Cato Unbound, Peter T. Leeson on Anarchy Unbound, or: Why Self-Governance Works Better than You Think.

From Christianity Today, an interview with Bob Roberts, author of Transformation: How Glocal Churches Transform Lives and the World and Glocalization: How Followers of Christ Engage the New Flat Earth; and a review of He Came Down From Heaven: The Preexistence of Christ and the Christian Faith by Douglas McCready and The Preexistent Son: Recovering the Christologies of Matthew, Mark, and Luke by Simon J. Gathercole Eerdmans. From Policy Review, what the Beatitudes teach: Jesus’s community of goodwill. Who speaks for America's evangelicals? The answer is not as clear-cut as in years past. Sex, drugs and rich white folk: A review of Esalen: America and the Religion of No Religion by Jeffrey J Kripal.

A review of Once Upon a Quinceanera: Coming of Age in the USA by Julia Alvarez. A review of Fifteen Candles: 15 Tales of Taffeta, Hairspray, Drunk Uncles, and Other Quinceanera Stories. A review of Girls Gone Mild: Young Women Reclaim Self-Respect and Find It's Not Bad to Be Good by Wendy Shalit (and more). Say Cheese(cake): How pinup girls of the day reflect the changing ideals of womanhood. A review of The Great Big Glorious Book for Girls by Rosemary Davidson and Sarah Vine.

Jacob T. Levy (McGill): Federalism, Liberalism, and the Separation of Loyalties; and Federalism and the Old and New Liberalisms. Brian Leiter (Texas): Explaining Theoretical Disagreement. Matthew J. Festa (South Texas): Applying a Usable Past: The Use of History in Law. The Puzzle of Policy Diffusion: The first chapter from Bounded Rationality and Policy Diffusion by Kurt Weyland. A review of Out of This World: Deleuze and the Philosophy of Creation by Peter Hallaward. A review of Weakening Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Gianni Vattimo. A review of Goodness and Justice: A Consequentialist Moral Theory by Joseph Mendola. The introduction to Buying Freedom: The Ethics and Economics of Slave Redemption, ed. Kwame Anthony Appiah and Martin Bunzl. A review of John Gray's Black Mass: Apocalyptic religion and the death of utopia.

A review of Amerigo: The Man Who Gave His Name to America by Felipe Fernández-Armesto. A review of The Pirate Queen: Elizabeth I, her Pirate Adventurers and the Dawn of Empire by Susan Ronald. A review of Monarchy and Religion: The Transformation of Royal Culture in Eighteenth-Century Europe. A review of Master and Servant: Love and Labour in the English Industrial Age by Carolyn Steedman. A review of World War One: A Short History by Norman Stone. A review of Femme Fatale: Love, Lies, and the Unknown Life of Mata Hari by Pat Shipman (and more).  A review of Absolute War: Soviet Russia in the Second World War by Chris Bellamy. A review of Ten Decisions that Changed the World, 1940-1941 by Ian Kershaw (and more and more). From Dissent, History as Moral Obligation: An interview with Saul Friedlander, author of The Years of Extermination. A review of The Last Thousand Days of the British Empire by Peter Clarke (and more). A review of Religion and Society in Twentieth-Century Britain by C. G. Brown.

Baby’s First Diet Pill: What if we could change a child’s calorie-regulation mechanism at birth? According to a new study, popular infant educational DVDs like Baby Einstein and Brainy Baby may actually slow language development rather than enhance it. Psychology's Child: Can being a kid of a shrink mess you up? The lives of children of mental health professionals can have its moments. The Young and Anxious: We all want our children to do well, but parents of high achievers should ask themselves: "Is my kid sacrificing mental health in pursuit of that A+?" You've Got to Have Genes: A new study says that how we choose our friends is strongly influenced by genetic factors. Don't read books: Read Page 99 of Tearing Down the Gates: Confronting the Class Divide in American Education. The introduction to Charter Schools: Hope or Hype? by Jack Buckley and Mark Schneider. Your Own Personal Blackboard Jungle: Fresh from the frontlines, New York Teaching Fellows tell.

From Smithsonian, Hemingway's Cuba, Cuba's Hemingway: His last personal secretary returns to Havana and discovers that the novelist's mythic presence looms larger than ever; and Before the Revolution: Socialites and celebrities flocked to Cuba in the 1950s. Fifty years ago Jack Kerouac's dazzling novel On the Road became the blueprint for the Beat generation and shaped America's youth culture for decades. It influenced scores of artists, musicians and film-makers, but how does it resonate with young people today? Discovered: Kerouac "cuts": The original, 120-ft typewritten roll of the beat generation literary classic is being republished, complete with material too hot to handle in 1957. Ray Bradbury, Norman Lloyd and Norman Corwin: Aging with grace, these 3 men of letters snap fingers in the face of time. For her devoted fan base, Doris Lessing is unquestionably the greatest living writer never to win a Nobel Prize (and a review of The Cleft).

From The Age, a review of Primo Levi's A Tranquil Star, a review of Gunter Grass' Peeling the Onion; and exactly what constitutes Jewishness has been much debated, but most people would be surprised at the Semitic self-identification of a group of more than 80 New Zealand Maori (a Polynesian race). Raul Hilberg, the "dean of Holocaust studies," is dead. Terry Eagleton finds that politics is glossed over in AN Wilson's fictional take on Hitler and the Wagners, Winnie and Wolf. A review of From Asgard to Valhalla: The Remarkable History of the Norse Myths by Heather O'Donoghue.

A review of Shoot the Widow: Adventures of a Biographer in Search of her Subject by Meryle Secrest. A review of Walking Broad: Looking for the Heart of Brotherly Love by Bruce Buschel. A review of American Tornado: The Terrifying True Story of the 1974 Outbreak- And The People Whose Lives Were Torn Apart by Mark Levine. A review of The Blue Death: Disease, Disaster and the Water We Drink by Robert D. Morris. The lion's sneeze: Stefano Zuffi's The Cat in Art looks at how depicting the feline has engrossed artists for millennia. Poetry in the plumage: A review of Crow Country: A Meditation on Birds, Landscape and Nature by Mark Cocker (and more). A review of Chasing Kangaroos: A Continent, a Scientist, and a Search for the World's Most Extraordinary Creature by Tim Flannery. A review of The Most Important Fish in the Sea by H. Bruce Franklin. 

Best Feet Forward: A single soccer match achieves what five years of combat and negotiations could not: an apparent end to Ivory Coast's civil war. The man who brought the warring sides together was not a politician or a gun-toting strongman, but Didier Drogba, the star striker for Ivory Coast. The unlikely activist: When former US marine Brian Steidlehe returned from a peacekeeping mission to Sudan, he found he couldn't stay quiet about the horrors he had witnessed. The introduction to Civilizing Women: British Crusades in Colonial Sudan by Janice Boddy. A dream betrayed: A review of Through the Darkness: A Life in Zimbabwe by Judith Garfield Todd. Why a tree makes it hard to write about Africa: Trying to write about Africa is a little like negotiating its wild roads: Cliches materialize suddenly and constantly.

On an ancient sea, Europe dreams and schemes: A Mediterranean Union where all are rich, none are immigrants. Looks great. Won’t happen. A review of The Unity of the European Constitution. From Time, an interview with British Foreign Secretary David Miliband. Much has changed since John Stuart Mill's time, and his views on freedom are no longer valid. The introduction to The Origin of the Welfare State in England and Germany, 1850–1914: Social Policies Compared by  E. P. Hennock. The introduction to The Great Naval Game: Britain and Germany in the Age of Empire by Jan Ruger. Josef Joffe on how German Chancellor Angela Merkel may be the most influential European leader today. Nobody even bothers to call Angela Merkel: The government in Berlin is learning a painful lesson this summer. It stands alone in its multilateralist policies and few seem to care what the Germans think.

From Forward, a look at how the rapid rise of Israel’s Orthodox schools sparks fear of Army, work force shortage, and more on Israel’s Hidden Crisis: Why should a growing level of piety be considered a national "challenge"? A review of The Resurgence of Anti-Semitism: Jews, Israel, and Liberal Opinion by Bernard Harrison. A review of Hollow Land: Israel’s Architecture of Occupation by Eyal Weizman. The Checkered History of American Weapons Deals: The United States has upset its European allies with plans for a massive arms deal with several governments in the Middle East. Washington has been down this road before. A review of Iran Oil: The New Middle East Challenge to America by Roger Howard and Crude Interventions: The United States, Oil and the New World (Dis)order by Garry Leech. Prospects of Armageddon: The logic that defends past nuclear atrocities is now used to support a strike against Iran. 

From Newsweek, an article on the Global Warming Deniers: A Well Funded Machine. From Mother Jones, Mad Scientists vs. Global Warming: James K. Galbraith on understanding climate economics; and can technology fix global warming? Scientists are starting to pitch some pretty far-out ideas. Green Fakers: A look at why eco-hypocrisy matters. The ethics of flying to serve the greater good: In the wake of Live Earth, is an airplane better than an SUV? Walking does more than driving to cause global warming, a leading environmentalist has calculated. Food That Travels Well: Why imported produce may be better for the earth than local. From Orion, Planet Protectors: The campaign for global security needs you. Our Intangible Riches: An interview with World Bank economist Kirk Hamilton on the planet's real wealth. A review of Lights Out: The Electricity Crisis, The Global Economy and What It Means to You by Jason Makansi. 

If the world makes it through the current market turmoil all right, we can thank the globalization of finance — and the hedge funds that enable it. Brad DeLong on Fear of Finance. From The Economist, in praise of usury: Ignore credit snobs. It is no sin to profit from lending to the poor. The Loan Comes Due: Only two months ago, it seemed as if almost any company could borrow money at low interest rates. Now loans seem to be drying up everywhere (and a graphic on Housing Busts and Hedge Fund Meltdowns). What’s a Fed Chairman to Do? Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke must walk the fine line between creating a bubble and risking a slowdown. Brookings scholars and budget experts describe ways to reduce the deficit by cutting spending and raising revenues. From TNR, a look at why the corporate-tax loophole must be closed. 

An interview with Carol Fishman Cohen, co-author of Back on the Career Track: A Guide for Stay-At-Home Moms Who Want to Return to Work. A review of Off-Ramps and On-Ramps: Keeping Talented Women on the Road to Success by Sylvia Ann Hewlett. A review of The Fortune Hunters: Dazzling Women and the Men They Married by Charlotte Hays. 'Til Tech Do Us Part: Joint bank account? Check. Merging the MP3 collection? Hold on a minute. Couples are struggling with just how much to combine the digital aspects of their lives. Why spouses are bickering over shared email accounts and his-and-hers blogs. Boys' birthrate advantage is slipping: Most expectant parents figure their chances of having a baby boy vs. a baby girl are 50-50, but that's actually not the case. Now you can track your kids by GPS: Tim Dowling believes firmly in exposing children to as much risk as they can handle, even when it is more risk than he can handle. 

A review of Why Beauty is Truth: A History of Symmetry by Ian Stewart. A review of A Natural History of Time by Pascal Richet. A review of Endless Universe: Beyond the Big Bang by Paul J. Steinhardt and Neil Turok. A review of Space as a Strategic Asset by Joan Johnson-Freese; and can’t all space nerds get along? If an asteroid impact destroys most of life on Earth, it won't be for lack of effort by Rusty Schweickart. An excerpt from Rocketeers: How a Visionary Band of Business Leaders, Engineers and Pilots Is Boldly Privatizing Space by Michael Belfiore. Malicious, vindictive and mean-spirited. These are words that might surface in divorce court. But they have been lobbed in the course of a different estrangement: the standoff between the Bush administration and the nation's scientific community.

From Physics Today, Science and the Islamic world: Internal causes led to the decline of Islam's scientific greatness long before the era of mercantile imperialism. To contribute once again, Muslims must be introspective and ask what went wrong. A review of Galileo Antichrist: A Biography by Michael White. A review of Einstein: His Life and Universe by Walter Isaacson. A review of Suffer and Survive: The Extreme Life of JS Haldane by Martin Goodman. So what if he was afraid of bananas? A review of Max Perutz and the Secret of Life by Georgina Ferry (and more). A review of Six Feet Over: Adventures in the Afterlife by Mary Roach. 

Nose goes, gender bends: Knocking out pheromone sensor makes female mice act male. Supply, Demand, and Kidney Transplants: A bad incentive structure creates a dire shortage. A review of The Case Against Perfection by Michael J. Sandel. Cold-blooded morality: Does morality or ethics rise more from recently developed social conventions (human invention, in other words) or from brain-based cognitive systems that first developed in our evolutionary ancestors? Whenever scandals break, the rest of us shake our heads and ask, "What were they thinking?" Hot and cold emotions make us poor judges. How to weigh brains and restrict people: A review of IQ: the Brilliant Idea that Failed by Stephen Murdoch. Testing Testers, Finding Flaws: Researchers have proved adept at exposing gaps in logic that can result from expert biases and mistakes.

William A. Hilyerd (Louisville): Hi Superman, I'm a Lawyer: A Guide to Attorneys (& Other Legal Professionals) Portrayed in American Comic Books: 1910-2007. Forget the theory, enjoy the strips: Douglas Wolk's Reading Comics isn't afraid to take comics seriously. Shakespeare in Dogpatch: Of sonnets and comic strips. Why cover art matters: How else are readers supposed to judge books before they've read them - except by how they look? Has any other literary genre captured the drama of bookishness better than bookish thrillers? Publishing never had a golden age: So, today's book industry is focused on profit margins and it's tough for authors to get themselves in print. What's new? The Highs and the Lows of Rankings on Amazon: Some authors compulsively check their sales rank on while others try to game the system. 

From Sign and Sight, Modernism enters the museum: As Berlin's famed housing settlements from the Weimar Republic compete to become Unesco world heritage sites, Dankwart Guratzsch visits the exhibition at the Bauhaus Archiv to assess their credentials. The art of modesty: The question of what constitutes "provincial art" seems pretty remote in times of globalism, overlapping art fairs and the online availability of images. A touch of Gothic: A review of God's Architect: Pugin and the Building of Romantic Britain by Rosemary Hill. The paintings of Htein Lin, a former Burmese dissident who has given up politics for art, serve as something of an antidote to the regime's propaganda. The things we leave behind, one man's all-consuming art: Chris Jordan's pictures quantify the things we consume. Life beyond the lens: New novels frame two of photography's most compelling legends, Edward Curtis and Edward Steichen. 

From Smithsonian, Broadway, Inc.: With shows like "Legally Blonde" and "Wicked," the era of the name-brand musical is in full swing. Terry Teachout on Shakespeare the Relevant: Actors and directors keep reminding us that the Bard's works never grow old. A review of A Short Introduction to the Ancient Greek Theater by Graham Ley. A review of Troy: From Homer's Iliad to Hollywood Epic. Art of darkness: Joseph Conrad’s "engine of demonism" has influenced a century of cinema. A review of Oscar Micheaux. The Great and Only: The Life of America’s First Black Filmmaker by Patrick McGilligan.  A review of Bambi vs Godzilla: On the Nature, Purpose, and Practice of the Movie Business by David Mamet (and more and more). A lot of White Russians, three German nihilists, one Vietnam vet and The Dude: Just why is The Big Lebowski such a celebrated cult film? The following is a list of most quotable films.

From New Statesman, a special report on the factors behind the miraculous success that is India, including a review of In Spite of the Gods: The Strange Rise of Modern India by Edward Luce, Planet India: How the Fastest-Growing Democracy is Transforming India and the World by Mira Kamdar, Holy Warriors: A Journey Into the Heart of Indian Fundamentalism by Edna Fernandes, The Clash Within: Democracy, Religious Violence and India’s Future by Martha Nussbaum, and India After Gandhi: the History of the World’s Largest Democracy by Ramachandra Guha. From The New Yorker, Pankaj Mishra on the legacy of Indian partition. Shashi Tharoor on an adventure called India: The reason India has survived all the stresses and strains that have beset it for 60 years is that it maintained consensus on how to manage without consensus. From Raj to riches: as India celebrates 60 years of independence, William Dalrymple salutes a country returning to its pre-colonial wealth.

America, India and the China bogey: The rise of China is no reason to trample on the non-proliferation regime. The People's Liberation Army is investing heavily to give China the military muscle to match its economic power. But can it begin to rival America? An interview with Susan Shirk, author of China: Fragile Superpower. A review of The Long March by Sun Shuyun. From Foreign Policy, in Beijing, some call her the “scum of the Earth” for her outspoken advocacy of Taiwanese independence. Her supporters call her Taiwan’s Nelson Mandela, because of her years as a political prisoner when Taiwan was ruled by the Kuomintang party. Either way, Taiwan’s vice president, Annette Lu, tends to make headlines with blunt talk; and with the world focused on Iraq, the standoff in the Taiwan Strait grows more explosive every day. Would the United States really go to war to protect Taiwan from China? 

A presidential victory would be the climax of Park Geun-hye’s lifetime in politics in South Korea. From Japan Focus, Japan as a Nuclear State: An excerpt from Client State: Japan in the American Embrace by Gavan McCormack. A review of Japan Rising: The Resurgence of Japanese Power and Purpose by Kenneth B. Pyle. Here are 5 myths about the Japan that can say no. Despite a law promising equal opportunity, women in Japan have had trouble reaching positions of authority. Another history controversy is roiling Japan, or at least Okinawa. Should textbooks clearly state that the Imperial Japanese Army ordered the island's civilians to commit suicide rather than surrender to the Americans?

Marcia Pereira (Miami): The “War on Terror” Slippery Slope Policy: Guantanamo Bay and the Abuse of Executive Power. From The New Yorker, The Black Sites: A rare look inside the C.I.A.’s secret interrogation program (and more). Benjamin Wittes on the FISA bill and the real reason Gonzales needs to go. From Policy Review, an article on Making Intelligence Smart: Some necessary reforms; an article on "Declinism" and three centuries of gloomy forecasts about America; and Peter Berkowitz reviews The Matador’s Cape: America’s Reckless Response to Terror by Stephen Holmes. How to Fight the Next War: Before its next military intervention, the U.S. needs to ensure that its decision has the support of the world's democracies. Getting Iraq Wrong: Michael Ignatieff on what the war has taught him about political judgment.

Do Americans have reason to be gloomy about the economic outlook? Four writers from around the country provide a snapshot of their local economies. In Silicon Valley, millionaires who don’t feel rich: Many members of the digital elite do not see themselves as particularly fortunate, in part because others have more. Phoney fears grip America: A spectre is apparently haunting America – the spectre of “populism”. Daniel Gross reviews Falling Behind: How Rising Inequality Harms the Middle Class and The Economic Naturalist: In Search of Explanations for Everyday Enigmas by Robert H. Frank. Vacation, All I Never Wanted: Why don’t Americans take time off anymore? Maybe it’s because we just don’t need to. Ode to Annoying Co-Workers: Working at home, you see, ain't always a picnic. Do we really need a law to protect fat workers? They earn less, get less respect, and score fewer promotions. A discrimination ban might make sense.

The Coming of Kidults: A review of Consumed by Benjamin Barber. Were Peter Pan living today, he wouldn't have to fly away anywhere. He could be as boyish as he liked, for as long as he liked. His playfulness would moreover be seen as good — even essential — for the economy. Corporate owners sow fresh new killing fields: It's time to stop corporations from undermining public health policy. Kevin Drum on how to explain the health care crisis: A review of Sick: The Untold Story of America’s Health Care Crisis — and the People Who Pay the Price by Jonathan Cohn and The Health Care Mess: How We Got Into It and What It Will Take To Get Out by Julius Richmond and Rashi Fein. When Medical Studies Collide: Contradictory reports? Meta-analysis may make things more confusing. He's not young, he's my doctor: Nowhere is the tension between generations more acute than in the fraught medical field.