Xavier Landes and Nils Holtug (Copenhagen): Insurance, Equality and the Welfare State: Political Philosophy and (of) Public Insurance. Xavier Landes (Copenhagen) and Pierre-Yves Neron (Lille): Public Insurance and Equality: From Redistribution to Relation. Gottfried Schweiger (Salzburg): Taxation and the Duty to Alleviate Poverty. Jurgen De Wispelaere and Leticia Morales (McGill): The Stability of Basic Income: A Constitutional Solution for a Political Problem? Income should indeed be guaranteed and universal, but the first job is getting it to where it is most lacking. Bart Hobijn and Alexander Nussbacher on the stimulative effect of redistribution. Dean Baker on how redistribution can involve less government rather than more. What do rich countries have in common? Big government. Thomas Paster (Max Planck): Bringing Power Back In: A Review of the Literature on the Role of Business in Welfare State Politics. Karl Widerquist (Georgetown): The People’s Endowment. From The Monkey Cage, why don’t democracies take from the rich and give to the poor? Vladimir Gimpelson and Daniel Treisman investigate. Why don’t voters take from the rich and give to themselves? Matt Bruenig on the greatness of modern welfare states (which are both good and cool), and on how nobody wants welfare communitarianism. Ralf Rogowski (Warwick) and Jean-Claude Barbier and Fabrice Colomb (Sorbonne): The Sustainability of the European Social Model. Twilight of the Euro welfare state? It’s not from charitable impulse that Germany is reluctant to let Greece leave the common currency.

David Eickhoff (Freiburg): The Operation Called Suspension of Judgement in the History of Political Thought. For the Encyclopedia of Political Thought, here is the entry on the General Will by David Lay Williams. From the International Encyclopaedia of Social and Behavioural Sciences, here is the entry on the “Historical Development of Citizenship” by Richard Bellamy. The introduction to Ideas of Liberty in Early Modern Europe: From Machiavelli to Milton by Hilary Gatti. How to think like Edmund Burke: Iain Hampsher-Monk on debating the philosopher’s complex legacy. David Lay Williams reviews Rousseau’s Critique of Inequality: Reconstructing the Second Discourse by Frederick Neuhouser and The Free Animal: Rousseau on Free Will and Human Nature by Lee MacLean. The introduction to Creolizing Rousseau, ed. Jane Anna Gordon and Neil Roberts. A review of Freedom as Marronage by Neil Roberts (and an excerpt). Andreas Follesdal on Machiavelli at 500: From cynic to vigilant supporter of international law. Did Christianity create liberalism? Samuel Moyn reviews Inventing the Individual: The Origins of Western Liberalism by Larry Siedentop (and more). Locke against freedom: John Locke’s classical liberalism isn’t a doctrine of freedom — it’s a defense of expropriation and enslavement. David Lay Williams reviews Hegel and the Metaphysical Frontiers of Political Theory by Eric Lee Goodfield.

Kathryn Loncarich (Michigan State): Nature’s Law: The Evolutionary Origin of Property Rights. Europe doesn’t have a debt crisis — it has a democracy crisis. Chris Bickerton on how Syriza has not been radical enough. Matt O'Brien on why the Greece crisis could be the beginning of the end of Europe as we know it. Here are 5 reasons the eurozone could be stronger without Greece. Noah Feldman on Puerto Rico’s “colonial” power struggle. Harvard economist Richard Freeman pushes back on the idea that Puerto Rico’s minimum wage is to blame for the island’s current fiscal problems. The introduction to Debtfare States and the Poverty Industry: Money, Discipline and the Surplus Population by Susanne Soederberg. An unpopular man: Norman Finkelstein was a rock star of the pro-Palestinian movement — then he came out against BDS. Feminism and the City: Rachel Shteir on how Vivian Gornick shows how the movement enriched both her highs and her lows. White supremacist Don Black of Stormfront.org starts legal defense fund after FBI visit about Dylann Roof. Donald Trump, clickbait: Reporters insist he has no shot, but news outlets, led by CNN, can’t get enough of him. What it’s like to write speeches for a rude, rambling and disgraced politician: Carlos Lozada reviews The Speechwriter by Barton Swaim. Ana Swanson on the best and worst office designs for employees. Zeynep Tufekci on why the Great Glitch of July 8th should scare you. Death panels are real.

Call it the American tradition of Robin Hood in reverse: Christopher Ingraham on states that rob from the poor and give to the rich. Where should poor people live? Studies say that lower-income people do better when they live in affluent neighborhoods, but rich people don’t want them there. Someone finally polled the 1% — and it’s not pretty. Rich people are jerks, explained (and more: Sorry, conservatives, but you share an ideology with a bunch of rich jerks). Do attitudes towards the rich and famous help to legitimize gross disparities in wealth and power? Heather Mendick and Akile Ahmet on celebrity talk and the problem of inequality. “Shit’s gonna hit the fan”: Hamilton Nolan interviews billionaire Nick Hanauer about class war. Billionaires to the barricades: Some of the world’s wealthiest are publicly addressing the gap between the working class and the 1 percent. Why don’t the poor rise up? Thomas Edsall wonders. Helaine Olen on how there’s a reason the poor don’t rise up over inequality — because our culture shames them. George Scialabba reviews The Age of Acquiescence: The Life and Death of American Resistance to Organized Wealth and Power by Steve Fraser (and more) and The Demise of Virtue in Virtual America: The Moral Origins of the Great Recession by David Bosworth. The Ford Foundation shifts its grant making to focus entirely on inequality.

David Gawthorne (UWS): The Trinity, the Incarnation and Primitive-Identity Pluralism. Jon Bialecki (Edinburgh) and Girish Daswani (Toronto): What is an Individual? The View from Christianity. Michael Dirda reviews Born Bad: Original Sin and the Making of the Western World by James Boyce. Why I am such a good Christian: The preface to Blood: A Critique of Christianity by Gil Anidjar. Trust Magama (Midlands State): Christianity as an Arm of Imperialism. The first chapter from Nations under God: How Churches Use Moral Authority to Influence Policy by Anna Grzymała-Busse. William Lauinger (Chestnut Hill): Well-Being in the Christian Tradition. Justin Kroesen (Groningen): The Altar and its Decorations in Medieval Churches: A Functionalist Approach. Tim Hutchings (Durham): Christianity and Digital Media. Can Christianity and modernity go together? Roger Lenaers investigates. Christopher Benek on why Christians should embrace transhumanism. Captive virgins, polygamy and sex slaves: Valerie Tarico on what marriage would look like if we actually followed the Bible. Ashley Gay (Emory): The Holy Hymen: Christ as Erotic Dissemination. Was Jesus gay? Jules Suzdaltsev interviews Bob Shore-Goss, author of Queering Christ. The introduction to The Birth of the Trinity: Jesus, God, and Spirit in New Testament and Early Christian Interpretations of the Old Testament by Matthew Bates.

The latest issue of Perspectives on Politics is free online this month, and it includes a symposium on “Pluralism and the Fate of Perestroika”, with a lead essay by John Gunnell, and responses by James Farr, Robert Keohane, David Laitin, Kristen Renwick Monroe, Anne Norton, and Sanford Schram. Neil Irwin on how to make sense of China’s plummeting stock market. Eduardo Porter on how Germans forget postwar history lesson on debt relief in Greece crisis. Austerity has failed: An open letter from Thomas Piketty, Jeffrey Sachs, Heiner Flassbeck, Dani Rodrik and Simon Wren-Lewis to Angela Merkel. Simon Wren-Lewis on why Germany wants rid of Greece. From Aeschylus to the EU: What is Europe’s greater contribution to humanity at large, Greek theater or double-entry bookkeeping? The Puerto Rico crisis, explained in fewer than 500 words. Confessions of a Clinton reporter: Jonathan Allen on the media's 5 unspoken rules for covering Hillary. Sally Kohn on what Donald Trump doesn’t understand about immigrants and crime. Claire Cain Miller on the search for the best estimate of the transgender population. Remnant of Boston’s brutal winter threatens to outlast summer. Saying goodbye to GDP: Kevin Hartnett reviews The Little Big Number: How GDP Came to Rule the World by Dirk Philipsen (and more and more). The introduction to The Meaning of the Library: A Cultural History, ed. Alice Crawford.

Patrick Wolfe and David Lloyd (UC-Riverside): Settler Colonial Logics and the Neo-liberal Regime. Christian Angelich (Minnesota): Financial Speak: A Method to Unmask Neoliberal Capitalism and the Ideology of Perpetual. Alfredo Macias Vazquez (Leon) and Pablo Alonso Gonzalez (Cambridge): Knowledge Economy and the Commons: A Theoretical and Political Approach to Post-neoliberal Common Governance. Neoliberalism poisons everything: Elias Isquith interviews Wendy Brown, author of Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism’s Stealth Revolution. Kean Birch on how to think like a neoliberal. Stephen Dunne interviews Will Davies, author of The Limits of Neoliberalism: Authority, Sovereignty and the Logic of Competition. Peter Jones (ANU): The Falling Rate of Profit and the Great Recession. E.A. Brett on explaining the capitalist crisis: The case for a free market system is undermined by commonly observed scale economies; producing uneven development and inequality. Fracketeering: Ian Marton on how capitalism is power-hosing the last drops of value out of us all. Robert Appelbaum on why cannibalism is not really that good a metaphor for capitalism. You can download A Commodified World? Mapping the Limits of Capitalism by Colin Williams (2004).

Will Davies (Goldsmiths): The Return of Social Government: From “Socialist Calculation” to “Social Analytics”. Pablo Gilabert (Concordia): The Socialist Principle “From Each According to Their Abilities, to Each According to Their Needs”. Social commons: Francine Mestrum on reconciling social protection and basic income. Kemal Dervis on a new birth for social democracy. An excerpt from Communal Luxury: The Political Imaginary of the Paris Commune by Kristin Ross. How socialism fails: Bradley Birzer reviews The End of Socialism by James R. Otteson. “Anarchism could help to save the world”: State socialism has failed, so has the market — we need to rediscover the anarchist thinker Peter Kropotkin. Dana Williams (Cal State-Chico): Social Capital in Anarchist Movements. From Dialogues in Human Geography, Simon Springer (Victoria): Why a Radical Geography Must Be Anarchist; and For Anarcho-Geography! Or, Bare-Knuckle Boxing As the World Burns. David Harvey (CUNY): “Listen, Anarchist!” A Personal Response to Simon Springer’s “Why a Radical Geography Must Be Anarchist” (and a response by Springer). Alf Nilsen on Marxism and social movements in the twilight of neoliberalism; and on Marxism and movements: Making our own history.

Jason W. Moore (Binghamton): Cheap Food and Bad Climate: From Surplus Value to Negative Value in the Capitalist World-Ecology. How are we to think the anthropocene? Slavoj Zizek reviews Molecular Red: Theory for the Anthropocene by McKenzie Wark. Brendan McQuade (DePaul): Cognitive Capitalism and Contemporary Politics: A World Historical Perspective. Markus Kienscherf (FU): Beyond Militarization and Repression: Liberal Social Control as Pacification. Francesco Macheda (Bifrost): The Political Economy of Nationalism and Racial Discrimination. Pritam Singh (Oxford Brookes): The Competing Theories of Development and Underdevelopment: A Critical Evaluation from an Eco-Socialist Perspective. Mark Gawne (Sydney): Ontology, Composition and Affect: The Political Limits of Postworkerist Thought. Don’t you just hate it when those fake-ass poseur environmentalists rip off your intersectionality? Amber Frost on not attending the Left Forum, a “Comic Con for Marxists — Commie Con, if you will — and an absolute shitshow of nerds and social rejects, all competing for the title of Most Insufferable Anti-Capitalist”. You can download Anticapitalism and Culture: Radical Theory and Popular Politics by Jeremy Gilbert (2008).

Alfred G. Cuzan (West Florida): Fidel Castro: A Machiavellian Prince? Erica Goode on how Cuba’s environmental concerns grow with prospect of U.S. presence. Scott Beyer on Havana, Cuba, the city of scarcity, and on how stagnation doesn’t preserve cities, nor does wealth destroy them. Justin Elliott, ProPublica, and Laura Sullivan on how the Red Cross raised half a billion dollars for Haiti ­and built six homes. Celso Perez on the Dominican Republic’s tortured relationship with its Haitian minority. It’s 2015 and the Dominican Republic is ethnically cleansing itself. The Dominican Republic hasn’t yet acted on its plans to expel hundreds of thousands of people of Haitian descent — but the worst may be yet to come. Athens on the Caribbean: Deepak Lamba-Nieves, Andrew Schrank on Puerto Rico's own financial crisis. No, Puerto Rico isn’t Greece. Lizette Alvarez on the despair and anger as Puerto Ricans cope with debt crisis. Eulynis Brown and Peter Gray (UNLV): Fatherhood in St. Kitts: Patterns and Predictors of Partnership and Paternal Dynamics in a Caribbean Island. Dennis R. Hidalgo (Virginia Tech): Africa in the Caribbean: An Overview. Armand De Mestral (McGill): The Constitutional Functions of the Caribbean Court of Justice. Jossianna Arroyo (Texas): Cities of the Dead: Performing Life in the Caribbean. With Cuba’s opening to the U.S., Caribbean tourism industry uniting to face challenges ahead. The first chapter from Sea of Storms: A History of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean from Columbus to Katrina by Stuart B. Schwartz.

James Kraska (Virginia): Putting Your Head in the Tiger’s Mouth: Submarine Espionage in the Territorial Sea. Jennifer Taub (Vermont): Is Hobby Lobby a Tool for Limiting Corporate Constitutional Rights? From Boston Review, a forum on effective altruism, including a lead essay by Peter Singer and responses by Daron Acemoglu, Larissa MacFarquhar, Leila Janah, Iason Gabriel, and more. Paul Mason on Yanis Varoufakis, the economist who wouldn’t play politics. Lorcan Roche Kelly on what you need to know about the one thing that’s keeping Greek banks alive. Paul Krugman on ending Greece’s bleeding. Cinzia Arruzza on the Greek referendum: A new Battle of Marathon. Slavoj Zizek on why this is a chance for Europe to awaken: The Greeks are correct — Brussels’ denial that this is an ideological question is ideology at its purest and symptomatic of our whole political process. Methodologically, they might as well be drawing straws: Steven Yaccino on how the Republican debate selection process is a new wild card in presidential politics. The I.R.S. is expected to stand aside as nonprofits increase role in 2016 race. Enter the video cover letter, the latest indignity dreamed up by the sadists in HR. In praise of meaningless work: Joe Keohane reviews The Business Romantic: Give Everything, Quantify Nothing, and Create Something Greater Than Yourself by Tim Leberecht and Mindful Work: How Meditation is Changing Business from the Inside Out by David Gelles.

From The Guardian, an investigation finds black Americans killed by police are twice as likely to be unarmed as white people. Police are much less likely to solve homicides when the victims are black. Ta-Nehisi Coates writes a letter to his son: “Here is what I would like for you to know: In America, it is traditional to destroy the black body — it is heritage”. Esther Armah on black bodies, white terrorism: A global reimagining of forgiveness. “We will shoot back”: Meet the black activists who aren’t ready to forgive. Sadot White: “I used to hate white people”. Zaron Burnett on how to overcome the murderous fear of white people. Andray Domise on how white supremacy is not a black problem. Arno Michaelis on how you become a white supremacist. Amber Phillips on what it’s like to be a white supremacist. A look at how white supremacists are extending their reach through websites. The Confederate flag is a racist symbol — just ask the KKK (and more and more). Jesse Singal on why the Confederate flag fell so suddenly. White support for the Confederate flag really is about racism, not Southern heritage: In fact, knowing more about Southern history is associated with less support for the Confederate flag. Justin Salhani on why white Americans don’t think the Charleston massacre counts as terrorism. Brit Bennett on how white terrorism is as old as America. Brendan McQuade on the Right wing resurgence and the problem of terrorism. Jeet Heer on how Dylann Roof’s defense of white rule in Africa has roots in American conservatism.