Mario Savino (Viterbo): The Right to Stay as a Fundamental Freedom: Towards a Liberal Constitutional Theory of Immigration Law? Woody Evans (Zayed): Why They Won't Save Us: Political Dispositions in the Conflicts of Superheroes. John Mueller (OSU) and Mark G. Stewart (Newcastle): Evaluating Counterterrorism Spending. Robert Pape, Keven Ruby, Vincent Bauer and Gentry Jenkins on how to fix the flaws in the Global Terrorism Database and why it matters (and a response: Global terrorism data show that the reach of terrorism is expanding). Governments take strides to cut Islamic State off from new fighters: It’s a global effort to stop the flow of recruiting for the Islamic State by teaming up with Silicon Valley tech companies to take down videos, tweets and other social networking accounts to censor content. Can the U.S. Army degrade and destroy Ebola? Obama is sending 3,000 troops to West Africa to stop the deadly outbreak — but 250,000 people could already be infected by Christmas. Well, this is turning out well: Member of polygamous Mormon splinter-group successfully cites Hobby Lobby to avoid testifying in federal court about child labor case. The racial parenting divide: Brittney Cooper on what Adrian Peterson reveals about black vs. white child-rearing. Area pundit angry at political science for proving him wrong. John Emerson on anti-populism one more time: The realist wonks of the Democratic Party never tire of telling us that you have to win elections in order to get anything done, but then they immediately also tell us that the only way to win elections is to forget about trying to do anything — is this really the wisdom we need? Matthew Cooper on why Scotch distillers are jittery about an independent Scotland: They helped create the bagpipe-and-kilt myth, but they really love the crown.

From Foreign Policy, Emile Simpson on the moral tragedy of Scottish independence; and Scotland's tricky choice: Self-determination doesn't necessarily mean freedom — can an independent Scotland achieve both? The Economist on Scotland's independence debate: You and whose army? Let Scotland go free: Independence isn’t crazy, irresponsible, or childish. What would Adam Smith say about Scottish independence? Michelle Schwarze investigates. George Monbiot on how the media shafted the people of Scotland. Amanda Taub on why Scottish independence is a bad idea. Dave Brockington has thoughts on the Scottish independence referendum (and part 2). Alex Massie sees the emotional appeal of the campaign, "clusterfuck" though it might be to implement. Phil Levy on Scotland and the centrifugal force of globalization. Robert Skidelsky sees behind Scotland’s independence referendum the failed promises of liberal capitalism. Jason Cowley on how the dissolution of the U.K. would be a bad omen for the rest of the world. Scottish vote fuels Europe movements: Basque Country, Catalonia, Veneto and South Tyrol seek independence. Nation-building as an act of violence: Scotland may well deserve a position we in Canada take for granted, but there's no reason to present the fight for independence as something other than it is. Nothing succeeds like secession: David Weigel on how breakaway movements across the United States want to get on the Scottish bandwagon; and on an Alaskan nationalist on the Scottish independence movement. David Speedie on the Scottish independence question: A view from America. What is Scotland? An American guide to the Scottish independence vote. A guide to Scottish independence for Americans. Frances Stead Sellers on how the British learned to copy the American melting pot — and how Scottish independence would threaten it. Emma Ashford on why the Pentagon should care about Scotland's referendum. Vice asks a military expert how to conquer an independent Scotland.

Jan Nalaskowski (Old Dominion): Beyond Opinion Polls: Predicting the Outcome of Scottish Independence Referendum. Andrew Rawnsley on the Scottish referendum: This is the hardest campaign I have ever had to call. Felix Salmon on why Scotland’s voting Yes. Neal Ascherson on why Scottish independence is inevitable. Meanwhile, in Scotland, the craziest election of the year. Tom O'Grady on how something extraordinary is happening in Scotland. George Monbiot on how a yes vote in Scotland would unleash the most dangerous thing of all — hope. From Renewal, the left and Scottish nationalism: Ben Jackson on the origins and implications of the Left’s dalliance with Scottish independence; and Jim Gallagher reviews Scotland’s Future: Your Guide to an Independent Scotland. From LRB, reflections on the independence referendum by Tariq Ali, Linda Colley, Tom Nairn, David Runciman and others. Exit Stage Right: Sam Wetherell on the case against Scottish independence. A.L. Kennedy on Scotland's radically inclusive nationalism: Why I would vote for independence. Simon Wren-Lewis on utopianism and Scottish independence; and on Scotland and the SNP: Fooling yourselves and deceiving others. Maybe Scotland will win independence, get invaded by Russian sailors. What it really means to be Scottish: Telling Scotland not to “go” is a bit like saying, “We don’t want you to run your own affairs. You must always have the governments we give you”. Why does Scotland want independence? It’s culture vs. economics. Scots, what the heck? Paul Krugman on the very bad economics of independence. What will Scotland use for money if it becomes independent? From FT, what economists think about Scotland’s currency future. From The Economist, an article on the economics of independence: An independent Scotland would be a rich country with terrible prospects.

Yxta Maya Murray (Loyola): Inflammatory Statehood (“Art and psychological studies reveal that Arizonan Latinos act as if they suffered under tyrannical repression. Why? Arizona is not a site of mass killings, as was Yugoslavia”.) Jan Blommaert (Tilburg): Meaning as a Nonlinear Effect: The Birth of Cool. Christopher Weaver (Rutgers): Evilism, Moral Rationalism, and Reasons Internalism. Frederick Schauer (Virginia): On the Utility of Religious Toleration. Micah Schwartzman (Virginia): Religion, Equality, and Public Reason. Why defeat the Islamic State but not the Taliban? Paul Miller wonders. Saif Al-Azzawi on how the U.S. wars set the stage for the Islamic State. Paul Krugman on why we fight wars: Conquest doesn’t pay, but political leaders don’t seem to care. Given all that is going on, why is International Security so damn boring? Thomas E. Ricks wonders. The final edition of WWE Magazine hits newsstands after 30 years in circulation. The mathematics of Ebola trigger stark warnings: Act now or regret it. Jen Larsen on the problem with women in video games. All these effing geniuses: Thomas Frank on Ezra Klein, expert-driven journalism, and the phony Washington consensus (and responses by Jonathan Chait, Will Wilkinson, and Daniel Drezner). Leon Neyfakh on what “age segregation” does to America: From grade schools to senior villages, we now spend much of our lives on separate generational islands — can we reverse the trend? Lauren Davis on the world's most dangerous toxic ghost towns. Sam Sacks on the rise of time machine fiction: Novels that tell multiple stories across different historical periods have become a staple of contemporary literature. Michael Finkel on the strange and curious tale of the last true hermit.

The latest issue of Politics and Gender is free online. Farida Jalalzai (Missouri) and Amy C. Alexander (UC-Irvine): The Symbolic Effects of Female Heads of States and Government. Women pay more attention to politics when their senator is a woman — and men significantly outperform women on tests of political knowledge. Is politics beyond Cosmopolitan's purview? Jill Filipovic wonders. Finally, serious women are standing up for fashion magazines. Feminism has conquered the culture — now comes the hard part: Rebecca Traister and Judith Shulevitz debate this unprecedented opportunity. Does feminism have a class problem? Kathleen Geier investigates. Moira Donegan on how elite education may impoverish and indebt young women and do little to get them a job, but at least it makes their eggs valuable. Victoria Bromley and Aalya Ahmad (Carleton): Women’s Studies: Are We "Broad" Enough? Elizabeth Segran on how women's studies departments are failing feminism: By refusing to engage with personal matters, academics are alienating a generation. Feminism's real first wave was America's early teachers: An interview with Dana Goldstein, author of The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession. Will Harvard ever have an MBA class with 50 percent women? Bryce Covert on how women executives are stuck in jobs that don’t lead to CEO. Why are there so many women in public relations? Olga Khazan investigates. Why do we treat PR like a pink ghetto? Gender quotas worked in Norway — why not here? Alice Lee wonders. What do the recent Supreme Court decisions mean for women’s economic security? Vivien Labaton on five myths about the gender pay gap. Tyler Cowen on why the economic gender gap will eventually close. The Sex Amendment: Louis Menand on how women got in on the Civil Rights Act.

Gregory S. Alexander (Cornell): The Sporting Life: Democratic Culture and the Historical Origins of the Scottish Right to Roam. The nationalist interpretation of Scottish history: Gregg McClymont reviews The Invisible Spirit: A Life of Post-War Scotland 1945-75 by Kenneth Roy. Claire Cassidy and Donald Christie (Strathclyde): Community of Philosophical Inquiry: Citizenship in Scottish Classrooms. From the Journal of Scottish Philosophy, Douglas McDermid (Trent): Ferrier and the Myth of Scottish Common Sense Realism; and Alexander Broadie (Glasgow): James Dundas on the Hobbesian State of Nature. The demolition of an Edinburgh office block may unearth a 200-year-old wine cellar which belonged to David Hume. The University of St. Andrews has seen a rise in visibility in the United States, thanks in part to two high-profile alumni, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. Christopher R. Marsicano on how Scotland's universities stand to lose if they find themselves outside the UK. Evan Gottlieb on Scotland, literary land of multiple personalities and perspectives. Literature and nationalism: To what extent does Scottish literature point in the direction of going it alone? A Scotland built on stories: Kathryn Sutherland reviews Bannockburns: Scottish Independence and Literary Imagination, 1314-2014 by Robert Crawford. How independent should Scottish writing be? Not surprisingly, many authors have been writing about the referendum, but this political approach to their work has problematic implications. Should Scotland go it alone? As the referendum approaches, leading Scottish writers give their thoughts. J.K. Rowling speaks out against Scottish independence on Twitter. The author of the Outlander series, Diana Gabaldon, has admitted that she had never been to Scotland before she began writing her best-selling books. From The Telegraph, here are 35 great quotes about Scotland and the Scots. How Scottish are Scottie dogs? Groundskeeper Willie has come out in favour of Scottish independence.

Stephanie Nawyn (MSU) and Linda Gjokaj (Oakland): The Magnifying Effect of Privilege: Earnings Inequalities at the Intersection of Gender, Race, and Nativity. Tim Crane (Cambridge): Understanding the Question: Philosophy and its History. Peter C Myers (Wisconsin): The Origins of Color-Blindness: Lessons from the Political Thought of Albion Tourgee. Jena McGill (Ottawa): Survival Sex in Peacekeeping Economies: Re-Reading the Zero Tolerance Approach to Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse in United Nations Peace Support Operations. Is your body mostly microbes? Actually, we have no idea — Peter Andrey Smith on how one eccentric scientist’s estimate became the most famous “fact” about the microbiome. From Nautilus, a special issue on Nothingness: Peering into the void. What we’re afraid to say about Ebola: We have to prepare for the chance that the virus becomes airborne. Arguably the most significant consequence of a Republican Senate takeover in 2014 is absent from the campaign trail, and hardly registers in any polls asking Americans what their top election issues are. Hayes Brown on 5 questions about the war against ISIS that no one should be embarrassed to ask. Zack Beauchamp on 3 numbers that explain why ISIS will be so hard to destroy. Juan Cole on the top 5 contradictions in Obama's emerging ISIL strategy. Paying the pro-war pundits: Talking heads like former General Jack Keane are all over the news media fanning fears of ISIS — shouldn’t the public know about their links to Pentagon contractors? The amazing pre-Civil War history of public transit integration in the North: An excerpt from Moral Minorities and the Making of American Democracy by Kyle G. Volk.

Mary L. Dudziak (Emory): War and Peace in Time and Space. David T. Mason, Jesse Hamner, Eric Keels, and Jason Michael Quinn (North Texas): Big Wars versus Small Wars and the Politics of Durable Peace. Mathias Thaler (Edinburgh): On Time in Just War Theory: From Chronos to Kairos. Uwe Steinhoff (Hong Kong): Just Cause and “Right Intention”. Gabriella Blum and John C. P. Goldberg (Harvard): War for the Wrong Reasons: Lessons from Law. Seth Lazar (Oxford): Associative Duties and the Ethics of Killing in War. Harry van der Linden (Butler): Iris Young, Radical Responsibility, and War. Jonathan Thompson Horowitz (Open Society): Human Rights as a Weapon of War; and Ending the Global War: The Power of Human Rights in a Time of Unrestricted Armed Conflict. Richard C. Eichenberg (Tufts) and Richard J. Stoll (Rice): The Acceptability of War and Support for Defense Spending: Evidence from Fourteen Democracies, 2004-2013. James D. Fearon and David Laitin (Stanford): Does Contemporary Armed Conflict Have “Deep Historical Roots”? From the International Journal of Baudrillard Studies, a special issue on Baudrillard and war, including Dan Oberg (SDE): Forget Clausewitz; Andreja Zevnik (Manchester): War Porn: An Image of Perversion and Desire in Modern Warfare; and Michal Klosinski (Silesia): What is the “Place” of War? Tanisha M. Fazal on how the reports of war’s demise have been exaggerated. Talia Hagerty on how the world is getting less peaceful every year — and it’s costing the global economy about $1,350 per person. Andrew Sheng argues that cyberspace, land, air, sea, and space now define the basis of global conflict. John Daniel Davidson reviews The Long Shadow: The Legacies of the Great War in the Twentieth Century by David Reynolds (and more).

Richard C. Powell (Oxford): Subarctic Backyards? Britain, Scotland, and the Paradoxical Politics of the European High North. Phil Steinberg on mapping Scotland’s waters. How did it come to this? A confluence of historical forces, North Sea oil and absent-minded politicians has put Britain’s union at risk. From island nation to Atlantic archipelago: Michael Morris on re-assessing Scotland, Britain and Atlantic slavery. Peter Pomerantsev on being British: If Scotland votes “Yes” to independence, Scots and English will both lose a country, Great Britain, but also gain a new one. Something incredible is happening in Scotland — and if the result is a yes vote the shock to the UK will be extreme. No, Scottish independence would not guarantee permanent Tory rule. Hayes Brown on how the new royal baby could stop Scottish independence. Showdown in Scotland: With the independence referendum looming, public opinion is shocking the political establishment by shifting in favor of a break from the United Kingdom — should Europe prepare the welcome mat for a brand-new country? Sionaidh Douglas-Scott (Oxford): How Easily Could an Independent Scotland Join the EU? Neil Walker (Edinburgh): Our Constitutional Unsettlement. Jonathan Wills on how most of the Act of Union would survive Scottish “independence”. Christopher McCrudden (QUB): State Architecture: Subsidiarity, Devolution, Federalism and Independence. Is Menzies Campbell the man who could save the union? Serena Kutchinsky on how the former Liberal Democrat leader's federalist vision offers a legitimate alternative to independence. Tim Willems (Oxford): You Can Go Your Own Way: Explaining Partisan Support for Independence. Seth Jolly (Syracuse): Voting for Nation or State: Determinants of Independence Support in Scotland and Catalonia. From Kurdistan to Texas, Scots spur separatists. Scotland's democratic revolution: The Scottish bid for independence could set a new precedent for separatist movements around the world.

Joaquim Alves Gaspar and Henrique Leitao (Lisbon): Squaring the Circle: How Mercator Constructed His Projection in 1569. Marc Fleurbaey (Princeton) and Alex Voorhoeve (LSE): On the Social and Personal Value of Existence. Rachel Tillman (Stony Brook): Ethical Embodiment and Moral Reasoning: A Challenge to Peter Singer. Steven Luper (Trinity): Persimals (“What sort of thing, fundamentally, are you and I?”) Mike Giglio on the smuggler who has brought more than 1,000 foreign fighters into Syria. Meet the badass women fighting the Islamic State: Guerrillas from Turkey's Kurdistan Workers' Party are on the front lines in northern Iraq — many of the organization's leaders, including 24-year-old Avesta, are women. Jeffrey Goldberg on how not fighting ISIS could be worse than fighting it. Ramzy Mardini on how the Islamic State threat is overstated. Bruce Ackerman on Obama’s betrayal of the constitution: By forgoing Congress’s assent, he exceeds George W. Bush in imperial hubris. Legal scholars are in a tizzy about the legal justification for the war on ISIS, but Adrian Vermeule and Eric Posner warned you years ago. Thousands have died from Ebola — why is the world doing so little? The big problem with the Apple Watch is that time is an illusion. Your Apple Watch might be a wonderful gadget, for you — but it’s also going to make everybody around you just a little bit worse off. The “i” goes silent: Why Apple didn't name its smartwatch “iWatch”. Justin Wadland reviews The Library Beyond the Book by Matthew Battles and Jeffrey Schnapp; The Public Library: A Photographic Essay by Robert Dawson; and The Library: A World History by Will Pryce and James Campbell. Sarah Burnside reviews Unspeakable Things: Sex, Lies and Revolution by Laurie Penny. Panic in the kitchen: Kate Williams on blogging, liberty, and the fear of the dinner plate.