A review of A History of Women's Political Thought in Europe, 1400-1700 by Jacqueline Broad and Karen Green. A review of Becoming a Woman in the Age of Letters by Dena Goodman. Is it really true that women haven’t been writing brainy philosophical novels until now? Women are often the cruellest critics of other female writers — where does this anger come from, and at what expense? Ariel Levy reviews When Everything Changed by Gail Collins (and more and more and more) and You’ve Come a Long Way, Maybe: Sarah, Michelle, Hillary and the Shaping of the New American Woman by Leslie Sanchez. Sandra Tsing Loh reviews Bad Mother: A Chronicle of Maternal Crimes, Minor Calamities, and Occasional Moments of Grace by Ayelet Waldman and The Female Eunuch by Germaine Greer. There is a tendency to think that only men treat women in a sexist way, but a new study shows that both men and women participate in maintaining a gender hierarchy in our society. Are men more competitive than women? Ray Fisman investigates. An interview with Satoshi Kanazawa on books about men and women. Are Western men doomed? David Brooks and Gail Collins debate. An article on the growing power of the men’s rights movement (and a response). What's the alternative to Tucker Max?: Many progressive young men are rejecting traditional and toxic notions of masculinity, but they're still figuring out what should replace it. A review of Packaging Boyhood: Saving Our Sons from Superheroes, Slackers, and Other Media Stereotypes by Sharon Lamb, Lyn Mikel Brown and Mark Tappan. The puzzle of boys: Scholars and others debate what it means to grow up male in America.

From Standpoint, Nick Cohen on Noam Chomsky and the manufacture of conspiracy theory. Chomsky Half Full: An interview with Noam Chomsky (and more). From Swans, Michael Barker on Howard Zinn and the co-option of social change. From Fast Capitalism, Mark Featherstone (Keele): Appetite for Destruction: On Naomi Klein’s Neo-liberal Utopia-Dystopia (and Naomi Klein revisits No Logo, ten years later; and Herbert Gintis reviews The Shock Doctrine). From Eat the State!, ten years after: Maria Tomchick on the legacy of the Seattle WTO protests (and more). A review of Flat Broke in the Free Market: How Globalization Fleeced Working People by Jon Jeter (and more). Orwell's Epiphany: Capitalism relies on infinite expansion for its survival, which automatically leads to imperialism; to uproot this capitalist ideology will require a revival of the body politic. How free-market delusions destroyed the economy: An excerpt from Raj Patel's The Value of Nothing: How to Reshape Market Society and Redefine Democracy. An interview with Joseph Heath, author of Filthy Lucre: Economics for People Who Hate Capitalism. Immanuel Wallerstein on the crisis of the capitalist system: Where do we go from here? From MR, is capitalism really on its last legs?: An interview with Michael D. Yates and Fred Magdoff, authors of The ABCs of the Economic Crisis: What Working People Need to Know (and more and more). A review of Capital as Power: A Study of Order and Creorder by Jonathan Nitzan and Shimshon Bichler. The Coming Insurrection: Nothing will change without a revolution.

The Impartial Spectator: Dinesh D'Souza on a moral argument for life after death (and part 2 and part 3). A consortium of magazine publishers including Time Inc. and Conde Nast are jointly building an online newsstand for magazines in multiple digital formats. A look at why universities welcome theological colleges. From New Scientist, an article on the truth about the disappearing honeybees (and more; and more at Bookforum). The Fifty-Year War: We learned so much, at such cost, in Vietnam — why must we learn it all again in Afghanistan? A special "Helmets and Lost Planets" issue of the Annals of Improbable research is out. More on Animal Spirits by George Akerlof and Robert Shiller. No freaking way: Freak dancing at Catholic high school events, both on and off property, should be talked about. Here are 6 things your body does every day that science can't explain. A review of On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society by Dave Grossman. A look at how vegetarianism is a major step for environmental change. Ward E. Jones explores the theory of comedy with "The King of Comedy". Who needs God when we've got Mammon?: The world's most prosperous (and happiest) countries are also its least religious. Here's smug married advice to the single: Emotional risk in dating is a lot like financial risk in investing. Lorraine Bowman-Grieve (Leeds Trinity): Anti-abortion Extremism Online. A look at how the search for aliens gets harder — but more encouraging. My life as a political cartoonist: Jonathan Shapiro, better known as Zapiro, is South Africa’s top political cartoonist.

A new issue of African American Review is out. From TNR, a review of Up from History: The Life of Booker T. Washington by Robert J. Norrell (and more at First Things). A review of Divine Discontent: The Religious Imagination of W.E.B. DuBois by Jonathon Kahn. From Americana, Massimo Rubboli (Genoa): "Now That He Is Safely Dead": The Construction of the Myth of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968); and Nina Bosnicova (GS): God is an Activist: Religion in Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. From CT, a review of Jesus and Justice: Evangelicals, Race and American Politics by Peter Goodwin Heltzel; a review of Your Spirits Walk Beside Us: The Politics of Black Religion by Barbara Dianne Savage; a review of The Decline of African American Theology: From Biblical Faith to Cultural Captivity by Thabiti Anyabwile; and a review of Race: A Theological Account by J. Kameron Carter. An interview with Cornel West on Brother West: Living and Loving Out Loud (and more and more and more). The problem with the Black intelligentsia: Any symbolism from our "post-racial" president means absolutely nothing until smart African-Americans can replace Obama-fed neurosis with real-world understanding. The case for Du Bois after the century of the color line: Peniel Joseph reviews In the Shadow of DuBois: Afro-Modern Political Thought in America by Robert Gooding-Williams. John McWhorter on how Zora Neale Hurston’s writing challenged black people as well as white — and why National Review would have loved her. Meet The Root 100, men and women who are changing the world.

The first chapter from Experimental Economics: Rethinking the Rules by Nicholas Bardsley, Robin Cubitt, Graham Loomes, Peter Moffatt, Chris Starmer and Robert Sugden. Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner are to blame for the global financial crisis. The Big Freak Out: Clay Risen on the downfall of the brains behind the Freakonomics phenomenon. The first chapter from Scroogenomics: Why You Shouldn't Buy Presents for the Holidays by Joel Waldfogel (and more). Jessie Kunhardt on 7 great books by economists. Coase vs. the Neo-Progressives: Fifty years ago this month a seminal paper challenged the prevailing intellectual orthodoxy on markets, technology, and regulation — we would be wise to revisit it today. The idea that economics is all about the markets has been challenged by this year's award of the Nobel Prize in Economics. Between euphoria and fear: Has traditional microeconomics ignored the mood swings that drive financial crises? Bernanke’s philosopher: The Fed chairman is portrayed as a follower of John Maynard Keynes, but his real inspiration is Milton Friedman. From The Economist, a review essay on John Maynard Keynes (and more and more). A review of The Provocative Joan Robinson: The Making of a Cambridge Economist by Nahid Aslanbeigui and Guy Oakes. Does economics violate the laws of physics?: The new school of thought known as "biophysical economics" is bringing energy to the dismal science. Converting the Preachers: George Soros launches a $50 million effort to purge economics of its free-market zeal.

A new issue of Cultural Survival is out. Red Skin Cheer: While the Washington Redskins debate is fairly straightforward, the North Dakota Fighting Sioux case is characterized by paradoxes and ironies. A review of Sound Targets: American Soldiers and Music in the Iraq War by Jonathan Pieslak. Is the Internet a tool of tyranny? Nick Cohen investigates. Research suggests Homo floresiensis is a genuine ancient human species and not a descendant of healthy humans dwarfed by disease. What makes good history television? Andrew Marr considers the best examples. A review of The Cartoons That Shook the World by Jytte Klausen. Deep below New York City’s bustling streets lies a dangerous world inhabited by “sandhogs”. A review of Athanasius Kirchers Theatre of the World: The Life and Work of the Last Man to Search for Universal Knowledge by Joscelyn Godwin. A review of Herge: The Man Who Created Tintin by Pierre Assouline. Heard the one about the Mormon stand-up comic? Elna Baker is funny, she's had a boob job and she's just written a book that could see her thrown out of her church. The new Friedrich Schiller revival may be a short-lived and bittersweet affair, in the best Romantic tradition. An amnesiac action hero who battles a mystifying web of enemies, Jason Bourne has outlived his author. In the heavens, as it is on Earth: Proof of the existence of extraterrestrial life may be closer than we think, thanks to a surge of research in astrobiology. A review of The Pattern in the Carpet: A Personal History with Jigsaws by Margaret Drabble. Breast Practices: Why taxing cosmetic surgery is a bad idea.

The first chapter from Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory by Randall Collins. Doctors Without Ethics: American physicians were complicit in the Bush administration’s torture policy. A review of The Ethics of Torture by J. Jeremy Wisnewski and R.D. Emerick. From Harper's, an interview with Derek S. Jeffreys, author of Spirituality and the Ethics of Torture. Spencer Ackerman reviews Stripping Bare the Body: Politics, Violence, War by Mark Danner (and more and more). Terrorist for Sale: Jeremy Harding reviews The Guantanamo Effect: Exposing the Consequences of US Detention and Interrogation Practices by Laurel Fletcher and Eric Stover. An interview with Caleb Smith, author of The Prison and the American Imagination. When sadism goes systematic: An article on prison rape as policy. Prison boom, economic bust: As punitive as Americans can afford to be. Behind Bars: Jay Parini on memoirs that testify to prisoners' humanity. Old reports suggesting one-third to one-half of all men are apprehended had flaws, but new studies confirm a high rate (and more). Let them vote: Even society’s worst offenders should not lose the vote when they lose their liberty. Perhaps the greatest obstacle to the American justice system is American culture itself; the problem comes long after legislation, and often long after laws have been enforced as prescribed by the statutes. A review of No Winners Here Tonight: Race, Politics, and Geography in One of the Country's Busiest Death Penalty States by Andrew Welsh-Huggins. A death in Texas: Tom Barry on profits, poverty, and immigration converge.

From New Geography, it's an interesting puzzle: The “cool cities”, the ones that are supposedly doing the best, the ones with the hottest downtowns, the biggest buzz, leading-edge new companies, smart shops, swank restaurants and hip hotels are often among those with the highest levels of net domestic outmigration; and from Mahwah to Rahway: New Jersey embodies the American Dream. In New Orleans, a new kind of house is rising from the ruins of Katrina; cheap, green, and radically hip, it may change architecture for a generation. From Triple Canopy, a special issue on urbanisms, in Salt Lake City’s suburbs, the newest great dead American economy lies in wake atop the rumblings of the last one; and from Thomas Aquinas and John the Baptist to cellular automata and intelligent design: How God taught us planning, and where we went wrong. Five ways to change the world: Here's a guide, idiosyncratic and partial, on how architecture can contribute to social reform. The architect as totalitarian: Theodore Dalrymple on Le Corbusier’s baleful influence. From Mute, as the urban grid of modernity gives way to the web, and architecture cedes to the virtual dynamics of tethered electronics, Daniel Miller cracks open the password protected "post-city". A review of Green Metropolis: Why Living Smaller, Living Closer, and Driving Less are the Keys to Sustainability by David Owen (and more and more and more). Green giants: How urban planners are turning industrial eyesores into popular public spaces. A review of Welcome to the Urban Revolution: How Cities are Changing the World by Jeb Brugmann.

From Workplace: A Journal for Academic Labor, a special issue on academic knowledge, labor, and neoliberalism. One of the great thing about being a college professor is that you don't envy the young. The "Doctor Fox Effect" appears to be more than an illusion — seductiveness affects both student ratings of instruction and achievement. An article on Elliott West, America's top college professor. Her college feminism professor taught her to learn through rigorous inquiry, then Marcia Carlisle died and left her former student to answer the biggest question yet. The banality of academic paranoia: What could have turned his former officemate — a well-liked, model graduate student — into someone so utterly paranoid? A look at why The Prince should be assigned reading for all those entering into Ph.D. programs. Interdisciplinary hype: There's a reason traditional disciplines evolved the way they did. From the producers of race studies, queer studies, and women's studies, fat studies is coming to a campus near you. An interview with Yongfang Chen, Lin Nie and Li Wan, authors of A True Liberal Arts Education. From Minding the Campus, Adam Kissel on The University of Chicago — what's been lost. A review of Education's End: Why Our Colleges and Universities Have Given Up on the Meaning of Life by Anthony Kronman. A review of The Question of Morale: Managing Happiness and Unhappiness in University Life by David Watson. Community colleges are being asked to provide everything from second chances to vocational education; is America ready to help them succeed?

A new issue of the Journal of Third World Studies is out. The Maybe-Baby Dilemma: What to do with unused embryos, a byproduct of a booming fertility business, is a question patients are rarely prepared to deal with. Carl Sagan protege Cliff Mass is changing the way weather is forecasted in America. Love in the Ruins: An essay on practicality and decline. When Barack Obama’s half-brother George releases his autobiography early next year, he may transition from Kenyan bad boy to best-selling author — how are the fellow members of the far-flung First Family adjusting to their sudden associative celebrity? A review of Never Kiss a Man in a Canoe: Words of Wisdom from the Golden Age of Agony Aunts by Tanith Carey. The first time as tragedy: It seems to have become fashionable to quote Marx's famous line from The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon. John de Graaf, co-author of Affluenza: The All-Consuming Epidemic, reports from from the International Gross Happiness Conference. A review of Victorian Fetishism: Intellectuals and Primitives by Peter Melville Logan. A review of Don't Call Me a Crook by Bob Moore. Is this the end for human space flight? Michael Hanlon and Ivan Semeniuk debate. Supergirl's summer costume change — which included concealing shorts under her skirt as she flew about, kicking butt — reveals a lot about our changing superheroes. Walking the Way: A tale of endurance, remonstrance, and remembrance on the pilgrim’s trail in Spain. Welcome to the Age of Metrics — or to the end of instinct. A look at how cohabitation is a sin against social justice.