Ashley Deeks (Virginia): An International Legal Framework for Surveillance. Ian Brown (Oxford) and Douwe Korff (London Metropolitan): Foreign Surveillance: Law and Practice in a Global Digital Environment. Laura Donohue (Georgetown): Bulk Metadata Collection: Statutory and Constitutional Considerations. Axel Arnbak (Amsterdam) and Sharon Goldberg (BU): Loopholes for Circumventing the Constitution: Warrantless Bulk Surveillance on Americans by Collecting Network Traffic Abroad. Joseph D. Mornin (UC-Berkeley): NSA Metadata Collection and the Fourth Amendment. Olivier Sylvain (Fordham): Failing Expectations: Fourth Amendment Doctrine in the Era of Total Surveillance. David Alan Sklansky (Stanford): Two More Ways Not to Think About Privacy and the Fourth Amendment. Jeremy W. Crampton (Kentucky): Collect it All: National Security, Big Data and Governance. Zeynep Tufekci (UNC): Engineering the Public: Big Data, Surveillance and Computational Politics. Sudha Setty (Western New England): Surveillance, Secrecy, and the Search for Meaningful Accountability. Md. Rzaul Karim (Birmingham): Race to the Online Mass Surveillance: The End of Privacy and Open Internet? Renato Leite Monteiro (NUS): The Balance between Freedom and Security in the Age of Surveillance: A Brief Analysis of the Recent Intelligent Electronic Surveillance Scandals. David Thaw (Pittsburgh): Surveillance at the Source. William H. Simon (Columbia): In Defense of the Panopticon. David Cole on denouncing surveillance, on camera (and more and more). ICReach: Ryan Gallagher on how the NSA built its own secret Google. Meet the shadowy tech brokers that deliver your data to the NSA. Glenn Greenwald on how Congress is irrelevant on mass surveillance — here's what matters instead. A UN report finds mass surveillance violates international treaties and privacy rights.


Mark Bennett and Mark William Osler (St. Thomas): A “Holocaust in Slow Motion”? America's Mass Incarceration and the Role of Discretion. Margo Schlanger (Michigan): How Prisoners’ Rights Lawyers are Preserving the Role of the Courts. Anita Mukherjee (Penn): Does Prison Privatization Distort Justice? Evidence on Time Served and Recidivism. Carmen Cusack (Nova Southeastern): No Stroking in the Pokey: Promulgating Penological Policies Prohibiting Masturbation Among Inmate Populations. John F. Pfaff (Fordham): The War on Drugs and Prison Growth: Limited Importance, Limited Legislative Options. Sabrina Alli reviews Inferno: An Anatomy of American Punishment by Robert Ferguson. Hamilton Nolan on how we imprison the poor for crimes that haven't happened yet. Andrea Jones on the injustice of mandatory minimums. In the US, punishment comes before the crimes. Why are there up to 120,000 innocent people in US prisons? Sara Mayeux on the case for abolishing juvenile prisons. Patricia O'Brien on why we should stop putting women in jail — for anything. What do we do with all these empty prisons? The US imprisonment rate has fallen for the fifth straight year — here’s why. Don't look now, but the US prison population is growing again. The US has the largest prison population in the world — and it’s growing. Thomas Wells on why prison is unfit for civilised society. Scott McLemee reviews Mass Incarceration on Trial: A Remarkable Court Decision and the Future of Prisons in America by Jonathan Simon. Graeme Wood on how gangs took over prisons: Originally formed for self-protection, prison gangs have become the unlikely custodians of order behind bars — and of crime on the streets. On America’s front lines: Christopher Jencks reviews On the Run: Fugitive Life in an American City by Alice Goffman and The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences, a report by the National Research Council (and more).


Susanne Foster and James South (Marquette): Social Contract: Rebellion and Dissent Aboard Serenity. Matthew J. Moore (Cal Poly): Is Buddhist Political Thought Worth the Trouble? Virginia H. Gray and Joshua M Jansa (UNC): The Politics and Economics of Corporate Subsidies in the 21st Century. Erik Ringmar (Lund): Recognition and the Origins of International Society. From the New York Times Magazine, a special issue on innovation. Suzanne McGee and Heidi Moore on women's rights and their money: A timeline from Cleopatra to Lilly Ledbetter. From TNR, Jonathan Cohn on what Jon Gruber's quotes really tell us about Obamacare and American politics; and Brian Beutler on how “Grubergate” is giving the Supreme Court cover to destroy Obamacare. A look at the worst two paragraphs about American politics you'll read today. Can Obama trade Keystone for something? Jonathan Chait wonders. Darren Samuelson on the greening of Barack Obama: He didn’t set out to be an environmental president — he is now. Erik Loomis on one of those situations where Obama acting would be morally correct and politically savvy. Sahil Kapur on why Republicans can't quit the government shutdown game. Retiring U.S. Congressman Rush D. Holt, Ph.D., a scientist and teacher, to lead AAAS, the world’s largest general scientific society. Sally Kohn on how the Kardashians exploit racial bias for profit: America's most famous family isn't just trashy — they're dangerous. Roberto A. Ferdman on the coming global domination of chicken: Pork's reign is all but over. Americans snack on potato chips, Europeans munch on candy, and Latin Americans love cookies — everything you'll ever need to know about snacking worldwide.


From NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies, a special issue on changing and globalising Masculinity Studies is out. Athena Mutua (SUNY-Buffalo): Multidimensionality Is to Masculinities What Intersectionality Is to Feminism. Eric Anderson and Mark McCormack (Durham): Theorizing Masculinities in Contemporary Britain. Hailey Maxwell (Glasgow): Larry Clark: Youth, Homosociality and the Deconstruction of Hegemonic American Masculinity. Minna T. Lyons (Liverpool), Urszula M. Marcinkowska and Samuli Helle (Turku), and Laura McGrath (Jagiellonian): Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall, Who is the Most Masculine of Them All? The Dark Triad, Masculinity, and Women’s Mate Choice. Sarah Knudson (Saskatchewan): Getting Laid and Growing Close: Constructions of Masculinity in Relationship Advice for Heterosexual Men. Trenton M. Haltom (Houston) and Meredith G. F. Worthen (Oklahoma): Male Ballet Dancers and Their Performances of Heteromasculinity. Rosalind Gill (City): Powerful Women, Vulnerable Men and Postfeminist Masculinity in Men’s Popular Fiction. Kalle Berggren (Uppsala): Reading Rap: Feminist Interventions in Men and Masculinity Research. How should we define masculinity? Jason Parham interviews Charles Blow, author of Fire Shut Up in My Bones. Tom Shone on how Martin Scorsese created the modern masculine ideal. Cath Murphy on how male entitlement ruins the best and purest of things. Is America's crisis of masculinity playing out in its favorite sport? Claire Cain Miller on paternity leave: The rewards and the remaining stigma. It's 2014, so why are men still paying for first dates? Joe Pinsker on the disturbing implications of a long-standing expectation. So you want to be a male feminist? Maybe don’t. Elisabeth Donnelly on 28 feminist writers recommend books every man should read.


Duncan Bell (Cambridge): Beyond the Sovereign State: Isopolitan Citizenship, Race and Anglo-American Union. Marc-William Palen (Exeter): Adam Smith as Advocate of Empire, c. 1870-1932. Irene Bloemraad (UC-Berkeley) and Matthew Wright (American): Second Generation Immigrants Attitudes and Behavior under Multiculturalist Policies. John L. Simpson (CUT): The Economics of Constitutional Monarchy: The Antipodean Anachronism? From the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, Alecia Simmonds (UTS): Friendship, Imperial Violence and the Law of Nations: The Case of Late-Eighteenth Century British Oceania. Cris Shore (Auckland) and Margaret Kawharu (Massey): The Crown in New Zealand: Anthropological Perspectives on an Imagined Sovereign. Bernard Porter reviews The Great Race: The Race Between the English and the French to Complete the Map of Australia by David Hill. Graham Maddox (UNE): America and Australia: Americanization and Political Culture. Ben Wilson reviews Ten Cities that Made an Empire by Tristram Hunt. Adam Dahl (Minnesota): Empire of the People: The Ideology of Democratic Empire in the Antebellum United States. America is best understood not as the first post-colonial republic, but as an expansionist nation built on slavery and native expropriation: Nikhil Pal Singh interviews Aziz Rana, author of The Two Faces of American Freedom. Aziz Rana (Cornell): Colonialism and Constitutional Memory. Nina Caplan on how gin made British colonialism possible. In foreign fields: How Britain’s former dominions remember the war that propelled them to independence. Alexander Davis on decolonising the Anglosphere. Robyn Carroll (UWA): When “Sorry” is the Hardest Word to Say, How Might Apology Legislation Assist? Meet earth's worst climate villains: Australia’s Tony Abbott and Canada’s Stephen Harper, world leaders laughing while the planet burns up (and more).


Giangiacomo Bravo (Linnaeus): The Dangers of Ethnocentrism. Ganesh Sitaraman (Vanderbilt): Unbundling Too Big to Fail. Catherine Rowett (East Anglia): The Pythagorean Society and Politics. Flora Xiao Huang (Leicester): The Rising of Asian Values and the Financial Crisis: The Cases of Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore. Donald Low and Sudhir Vadaketh on the end of the Singapore Consensus. From New Left Review, Erdem Yoruk and Murat Yuksel on class and politics in Turkey's Gezi protests. From The New Yorker, a special issue on technology. Reihan Salam on the end of pregnancy and the inevitable rise of the artificial womb. Artificial wombs are coming, but the controversy is already here. Making babies: Alexis Madrigal on five predictions about the future of reproduction. The introduction to The Politics of Resentment: A Rhetorical Genealogy by Jeremy Engels. Uber CEO Travis Kalanick says Obamacare has been “huge” for business. John Pilger on how the siege of Julian Assange is a farce — a special investigation. Have we become inured to the struggles of the working class? Steven Rattner on how inequality, unbelievably, gets worse. Happy birthday, methadone: Maintenance therapy proved its value half a century ago; we need it today to combat a rise in opioid use — but many courts and prisons cling to a Reagan-era "Just say no" mind-set. Existential Comics takes a look at the Philosopher King. Danielle Kurtzleben on how suburban sprawl and bad transit can crush opportunity for the poor. Ezra Klein on what Democrats can learn from Republicans: Democrats are better at achieving their policy goals than Republicans, but Republicans are smarter about winning political power than Democrats.


Matthew Kopec (Colorado): Clines, Clusters, and Clades in the Race Debate. David Ludwig (VU Amsterdam): Against the New Metaphysics of Race. Alberto G. Urquidez (Purdue): Defining Racism: The Wittgensteinian Approach to the Analysis of Moral Concepts. Alia Al-Saji (McGill): Too Late: Racialized Time and the Closure of the Past. Aja Martinez (Binghamton): Critical Race Theory: Its Origins, History, and Importance to the Discourses and Rhetorics of Race. Rozena Maart (Kwa-Zulu Natal): Race and Pedagogical Practices: When Race Takes Center Stage in Philosophy. Darren Chetty (London): The Elephant in the Room: Picturebooks, Philosophy for Children and Racism. Michael J. Monahan (Marquette): The Concept of Privilege: A Critical Appraisal. Camille Gear Rich (USC): Elective Race: Recognizing Race Discrimination in the Era of Racial Self-Identification. From the inaugural issue of Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies, G. Reginald Daniel (UCSB), Laura Kina and Camilla Fojas (DePaul), and Wei Ming Dariotis (SFSU): Emerging Paradigms in Critical Mixed Race Studies; Andrew J. Jolivette (SFSU): Critical Mixed Race Studies: New Directions in the Politics of Race and Representation; Rainier Spencer (UNLV): "Only the News They Want to Print": Mainstream Media and Critical Mixed-Race Studies; and Molly Littlewood McKibbin (York): The Current State of Multiracial Discourse. From Antipode, the papers from the Race, Space, Nature symposium are free online. The first chapter and conclusion from Anthropology of Race: Genes, Biology, and Culture, ed. John Hartigan. Andreas Heinz, Daniel J. Muller, Soren Krach, Maurice Cabanis, and Ulrike P. Kluge on the uncanny return of the race concept. Is race plastic? Maureen O’Connor on her trip into the “ethnic plastic surgery” minefield. Scott McLemee interviews Stephen Eric Bronner, author of The Bigot: Why Prejudice Persists.


Brandon L. Garrett (Virginia): Big Data and Due Process. The planning machine: Evgeny Morozov on Project Cybersyn and the origins of the Big Data nation. View from nowhere: Nathan Jurgenson on the cultural ideology of Big Data. Deven R. Desai (Georgia Tech): The New Steam: On Digitization, Decentralization, and Disruption. Chet Bowers (Portland State): Is the Digital Revolution Driven by an Ideology? Alexis Madrigal and Robinson Meyer on when everything works like your cell phone: When a thing connects to the Internet, three things happen — it becomes smart, it becomes hackable, and it's no longer something you own. Alissa Walker on a map of every device in the world that's connected to the Internet. Vikram Chandra on the beauty of code. It’s hard to explain to regular people how much technology barely works, how much the infrastructure of our lives is held together by the IT equivalent of baling wire — computers, and computing, are broken. Dylan Love interviews Linus Torvalds, who built the world's most robust operating system and gave it away for free. Programming your quantum computer: The hardware doesn’t yet exist, but languages for quantum coding are ready to go. Cade Metz on the next big programming language you’ve never heard of. We can code it: Tasneem Raja on why computer literacy is the key to winning the 21st century. Conner Forrest on how the “PayPal Mafia” redefined success in Silicon Valley. How did Silicon Valley happen? Livia Gershon investigates. Silicon Valley, meet organized labor. Susie Cagle on San Francisco’s class war, by the numbers. All email and no play makes Apple an awful place to work. Kieran Snyder on why women leave tech: It's the culture, not because “math is hard”. Astra Taylor and Joanne McNeil on the dads of tech: That’s tech punditry for you — simplification with an undercurrent of sexism. How your technology is manipulating you: Kira Beilis interviews Matt Richtel, author of A Deadly Wandering: A Tale of Tragedy and Redemption in the Age of Attention.


The inaugural issue of the Journal of Civic Literacy is out, including Justice David Souter on civic literacy; James A. Duplass (USF): Ideology: The Challenge for Civic Literacy Educators; and Steve Sanders reviews Democracy and Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government is Smarter by Ilya Somin. The language is mostly spoken by Orthodox Jews who want to set themselves apart from the modern world — is there a future for Yiddish in other communities? Citizenship, nationality, borders are ways of controlling the mobility of the poor whilst the rich pass effortlessly through; it isn’t simply an alternative or competitor to class, it is also a way in which states enforce class-based inequality. Defying Soviets, then pulling Hungary to Putin: Viktor Orban steers Hungary toward Russia 25 years after fall of the Berlin Wall. Simon Wren-Lewis on where macroeconomics went wrong. Neil Irwin on how a $90 million condo flip shows what’s wrong with financial capitalism. This 1856 law makes it legal to seize islands for America if they have lots of bird crap. Men have depended on the government for centuries — so why shouldn't women do the same? The Pirate Party’s push for direct democracy: Leaders of a new movement say we now have the technology for government that is literally by the people — what could possibly go wrong? George Scialabba reviews The Great Debate: Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the Birth of Right and Left by Yuval Levin. Does money buy better politicians? Boston’s City Councilors wants to give themselves a raise — and some experts say they’ve got the right idea. Toward a genealogy of the US colonial present: The introduction to Formations of United States Colonialism, ed. Alyosha Goldstein.


Johannes Gabriel (IAFI): A Scientific Enquiry into the Future. Max Range and Mikael Sandberg (Halmstad): “Civilizations” and Political-Institutional Paths: A Sequence Analysis of the MaxRange2 Data Set, 1789 – 2013. Greg Miller on how people 100 years ago thought we’d be living today. The Global Priorities Project is a joint research initiative between the Future of Humanity Institute at the University of Oxford and the Centre for Effective Altruism; it attempts to prioritise between the pressing problems currently facing the world in order to establish in which areas we might have the most impact. From The Conversation, Anders Sandberg on the five biggest threats to human existence; and from human extinction to super intelligence, futurists Anders Sandberg and Andrew Snyder-Beattie explain. Two attempts to read the future for humanity: Caspar Henderson reviews Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom (and more) and A Rough Ride to the Future by James Lovelock. George Dvorsky on 10 horrifying technologies that should never be allowed to exist. Oxana Timofeeva on the end of the world — from apocalypse to the end of history and back. Apocalypse soon: Sophie McBain on the scientists preparing for the end times. Disaster porn, for once for real: What are the odds, in this tiny sliver of decades at the leading edge of history, when we're finally able to have some inkling of what's going on in near space, that we're actually finding out about some real global catastrophe that had any real chance of happening? Nick Beckstead on a relatively atheoretical perspective on astronomical waste: “Affecting long-run outcomes for civilization is overwhelmingly important”. David Barrowclough (Cambridge): Making the Past: Prospective Memorialization and the Creation of Myth (“This article explores how we might use artistic representations to protect future 5 generations from the dangers inherent in the burial of radioactive waste”.) A handy guide for rebooting civilization: Linda Besner reviews The Knowledge: How to Rebuild Our World From Scratch by Lewis Dartnell.

Advertisement