Mark DeYoung (Rice): Dialectic of Enwhitenment: Biopolitics, Auto-Immunity, Religion and Race in the Modern World. Bridget Byrne (Manchester): Rethinking Intersectionality and Whiteness at the Borders of Citizenship. Anoop Mirpuri (Portland State): Racial Violence, Mass Shootings, and the U.S. Neoliberal State. Adam Winkler on how the right to bear arms has mostly been for white people: Gun laws, historically, weren’t colorblind. Alana Semuels on the racist history of Portland, the whitest city in America. The original underclass: Alec MacGillis reviews White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America by Nancy Isenberg; and Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis by J. D. Vance. Matt Staggs on the “decline” of white Christian America, explained in 4 books.

From Slate, a new app and tax calculate how much money white male privilege is worth. Jonathan Church on how the law of large numbers and Bayes theorem can help us think about the concept of white privilege. Dear fellow white people: White privilege is a thing — and Rio was the perfect example. Jennifer Patrice Sims on the reality of imaginary whiteness. Anna Kegler on the sugarcoated language of white fragility. A study finds white people talk about race on social media way less than black people. Zachary R. Wood on why white people need to talk about racism too. Mira Jacob on a flowchart for people who get defensive when talking about racism.

From The Atlantic, Alana Semuels on the end of welfare as we know it: America’s once-robust safety net is no more. The failure of welfare reform: Jordan Weissmann on how Bill Clinton’s signature legislative achievement tore America’s safety net. Twenty years since welfare “reform”: America’s poorest are still dealing with the consequences of the legislation that Bill Clinton signed into law two decades ago today. Max Ehrenfreund on how welfare reform changed American poverty, in 9 charts. Annie Lowrey on the anti-poverty experiment that could fix America’s broken welfare system. The near impossibility of moving up after welfare: In the wake of welfare reform, unemployed people are pushed to quickly find work, any work — but too often those jobs lead nowhere. Paul Ryan is pretty sure welfare recipients are not working hard enough.

The return of American hunger: An uneven recovery and new food-stamp restrictions have left millions more people short on food. Who gets food stamps? White people, mostly. How do Americans view poverty? Many blue-collar whites, key to Trump, criticize poor people as lazy and content to stay on welfare. Welfare utopia: Oregon, one of the whitest states in the union, also has one of the most generous safety nets — is that a coincidence or something more troubling? Alma Carten on how racism has shaped welfare policy in America since 1935.

Michael C. Blumm and Olivier Jamin (Lewis and Clark): The Property Clause and its Discontents: Lessons from the Malheur Refuge Occupation. John Komlos (Munich): Another Road to Serfdom. Ishaan Tharoor on the enduring success of Latin American politicians of Arab origin. As homeless find refuge in forests, “anger is palpable” in nearby towns. Jim Tankersley on how sexism holds back the economy. The Affordable Care Act is not in crisis — but it could be better. Scientists discover a boiling river of Amazonian legend. Fred Baumann on sex and philosophy in the 21st century: Progressives try to fix relations between the sexes by taking the theory of equality to unworkable extremes. Jia Tolentino on what happens when we decide everyone else is a narcissist. John Seabrook on how we live in the pop-culture world that Lou Pearlman created.

Anne I. Harrington (Cardiff): Power, Violence, and Nuclear Weapons. Andreas Umland (IEAC): The Ukraine Example: Nuclear Disarmament Doesn’t Pay. During the cold war, America wanted to hide nukes in Iceland. A look at how a solar flare almost triggered a nuclear war in 1967. Robert Gallucci on a complex nuclear situation, in a complicated world. Is the world creeping towards a ban on nuclear weapons? The deadly briefcase that never leaves the president’s side: Donald Trump’s views on nukes may be the scariest thing about his candidacy — but how does Potus launch an attack at a moment’s notice? Our nuclear procedures are crazier than Trump: U.S. presidents are currently given a four-minute window to decide whether or not to initiate an irreversible apocalypse. Obama’s last chance to terminate US nuclear policy (thanks to Trump): Joe Cirincione on four ways Obama can make humanity safer from nuclear weapons before anyone else gets the launch codes.

Debate over Trump’s fitness raises issue of checks on nuclear power. Would you trust Trump to handle nukes? Republican senators won’t say. Hillary Clinton should go nuclear on Donald Trump.

Cass Sunstein (Harvard): On Mandatory Labeling, With Special Reference to Genetically Modified Foods. Dennis Whitcomb and Daniel Howard-Snyder (Western Washington), Heather Battaly (CSU-Fullerton), and Jason Baehr (LMU): Intellectual Humility: Owning Our Limitations. Heidi M Hurd (Illinois): The Normative Force of Consent. Evidence points to another Snowden at the NSA (and more). Maria Bustillos on A.J. Daulerio, bloodied but unbowed. The first chapter from Brazil in Transition: Beliefs, Leadership, and Institutional Change by Lee J. Alston, Marcus Andre Melo, Bernardo Mueller and Carlos Pereira. A bid by Los Angeles to host the 2024 Olympic Games could fall victim to anti-American sentiment brewing inside the International Olympic Committee. In death of D.A. Henderson, credited with eradicating smallpox, the world loses an intellectual giant.

Here’s what happened the day the dinosaurs died: An impact calculator helps scientists paint a vivid picture of the immediate aftermath of the deadly asteroid strike. What would happen if we lost one-sixth of Earth’s species? We may just find out. Most species that disappear today will leave no trace in the fossil record. Snails are going extinct: Here’s why that matters. Joanna Klein on frogs that escaped extinction. How good are we at saving animals from extinction? Matthew Schneider-Mayerson reviews Extinction: A Radical History by Ashley Dawson (and an excerpt). Is intentional extinction ever the right thing? Edward O. Wilson on the global solution to extinction. Welcome to CRISPR’s gene-modified zoo: Birds and bees are just the beginning for this animal-altering technology. Hillary Rosner on tweaking genes to save species. Jurassic pigeon: Bringing extinct animals back to life is now within our grasp. The Jurassic Park science to bring back dinosaurs is almost here.

After Olympics, Rio is altered if not reborn. Clay Dillow on how hosting the Olympics is a terrible investment. Here’s an idea: Hold the Olympics in multiple cities at once. The Olympic spirit is unbridled, rabid nationalism: The Games succeed because they indulge precisely what they claim to transcend — the world’s basest instinct for tribalism. Gene Demby interviews Antonio Sotomayor, author of The Sovereign Colony: Olympic Sport, National Identity, and International Politics in Puerto Rico, on how Monica Puig’s gold medal complicates the argument for Puerto Rico’s statehood. Ana Swanson on why bronze medalists are happier than silver medalists, and other things the Olympics teaches us about human emotions.

Can record-breaking race times ever represent the glory of sports? Alex Traub on the quest to run a marathon in under two hours. Peter Aldhous on why track-and-field stars don’t set world records like they used to (but swimmers do): Many world records in athletics have stood for 20 years or more — in most events, say sports scientists, top performers have already reached the limits of human biology. We are nowhere close to the limits of athletic performance: Stephen Hsu on how genetic engineering will bring us new Bolts and Shaqs. Should we allow a doping free-for-all? Philosophers Julian Savulescu and Robert Sparrow debate the ethics of performance enhancement.

Ronald F. Inglehart (Michigan) and Pippa Norris (Harvard): Trump, Brexit, and the Rise of Populism: Economic Have-Nots and Cultural Backlash. John R. Brooks (Georgetown): Student Loans as Taxes. U.S. Army fudged its accounts by trillions of dollars, auditor finds. The majority of American men believe sexism is over, according to a new poll. Yes, sexism is real, so you need to stop being such a moron about it. Get ready for the era of The Bitch: A Hillary Clinton presidential victory promises to usher in a new age of public misogyny. As Donald Trump falters, Democrats plan to press fight for Supreme Court. Justice Department says poor can’t be held when they can’t afford bail. Joe Romm on explaining all of U.S. energy use with a genius chart and cheeseburgers. Why are so many newborns still being denied pain relief?

From World Policy Journal, a special issue on Latin America. Paulo Drinot reviews State Building in Latin America by Hillel Soifer. Gerardo L. Munck (USC): Building Democracy, Which Democracy? Ideology and Models of Democracy in Post-Transition Latin America. Inigo Errejon, the political strategist of Podemos, in conversation with Chantal Mouffe on the potential impact of the Latin-American political ideas and practices. Latin America from leftwing hopes to bloody dictatorships: Tony Wood reviews Viva La Revolucion by Eric Hobsbawm. From Dissent, a forum on Latin America’s pink tide, with an essay by Patrick Iber on the path to democratic socialism and the lessons from Latin America (and responses). Veronica Schild (Western): Feminism and Neoliberalism in Latin America. Latin America’s neoliberal bashing loses its lustre: Neoliberalism has degenerated into a catch-all Latin pejorative for anything deemed reactionary.

Don’t look now, but much of Latin America is shifting away from the policies that Donald Trump has been endorsing. Richard Haass on Latin America’s moment. Ricardo Hausmann on how overdosing on heterodoxy can kill you (and more). Noah Smith on how a socialist revolution can ruin a country. Venezuela is falling apart: Moises Naim on scenes from daily life in the failing state. Is the Latin American Left dead? From Brazil to Argentina, the region is moving right — but one nation shows a path forward for the Left.

Pasquale Cirillo and (TU Delft) and Nassim Nicholas Taleb (NYU): The Decline of Violent Conflicts: What Do The Data Really Say. This is why Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte will get away with murder. If Ryan Lochte misled us about armed robbery, how can we trust any man who says he is a victim of theft? This is exactly how women are treated — particularly when it comes to the false accusation of rape. Obamacare hits a bump — but it shouldn’t be hard to fix. There’s a simple fix for Obamacare's current woes: The public option. Just a reminder: Congress isn’t going to fix Obamacare — or enact single-payer — any time soon. David Dayen on the never-ending battle for Obamacare. Julia Belluz on 4 reasons disease outbreaks are erupting around the world. Save the trash: Christopher Bonanos on why the Gawker archive is important. Hillary Clinton’s ethics problems are worse than she understands.

Anne Applebaum on the secret to Trump: He’s really a Russian oligarch. David Graham on the precipitous rise and fall of Paul Manafort (and more). Congress, worried about Trump, is trying to tie the next president’s hands on Russia — but the oil industry is trying to lay the groundwork for a President Trump. The Koch brothers won’t support Trump, but the Republican Party is still theirs. The Kochs, Big Oil are taking their war with the EPA to the ballot box.