Artists in Exile: How Refugees from Twentieth-Century War and Revolution Transformed the American Performing Arts
Artists in Exile:
How Refugees from Twentieth-Century War and Revolution Transfo
by Joseph Horowitz
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In 1941, while residing in Santa Monica, Thomas Mann mused, “What today is the meaning of foreign, the meaning of homeland? . . . When the homeland becomes foreign, the foreign becomes the homeland.” He lived in California for fourteen years before returning to Europe in 1952, his version of the American dream crushed, writes Joseph Horowitz, by the cold war, McCarthyism, and the Golden State’s “artificial paradise.” Mann’s poignant question—and declarative response—is central to Artists in Exile, Horowitz’s erudite if sometimes exhausting survey of European refugee artists in America during the first half of the twentieth century.
The book opens with the story of George Balanchine. (On why he emigrated to the West: “It was impossible to live in Russia, it was terrible—there was nothing to eat. People here
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