Richard Bellamy (UCL): “An Ever Closer Union Among the Peoples of Europe”: Republican Intergovernmentalism and Demoicratic Representation within the EU. David Friedman reviews The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century by Paul Collins. A review of Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy, from 1453 to the Present by Brendan Simms and German Europe by Ulrich Beck. Germany has created an accidental empire: An interview with Ulrich Beck. Doug Bandow on how Europe is turning into a continent without a military. Europe fails to learn the lessons of history: Brad DeLong on political union for Barry Eichengreen's "Future of the Euro" conference. What’s stopping Europe? Allan H. Meltzer wonders. From The New Federalist, should we fear the exit of a European Union Member State? Richard Reinsch on exiting the nation state.