Simon Chesterman (NUS): Responsibility to Protect, Responsibility to Whom? Nadia Banteka (Penn): Dangerous Liaisons: The Responsibility to Protect and a Reform of the U.N. Security Council. Mark Kersten on how the Responsibility to Protect doctrine is faltering. Patrick Emerton and Toby Handfield (Monash): Humanitarian Intervention and the Modern State System. Jonathan Whittall (MSF): Is Humanitarian Action Independent from Political Interests? Mohamed S. Helal (Harvard): Justifying War and the Limits of Humanitarianism. When the modern human rights movement began in the 1970s, no one expected it to become part of the antiwar camp — but it’s also true that no one expected the human rights industry to acquiesce so uncritically in Washington’s militarism. Can humanitarian intervention be saved from its friends? Heather Hurlburt on how a new generation of Democrats have pushed the language of liberal interventionism underground.