S. Erdem Aytac (Koc), Luis Schiumerini (Oxford), and Susan Stokes (Yale): Protests and Repression in New Democracies. From the Congressional Research Service, a report on “Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief”. Inside Turkey’s purge: As the ruling party expands the ranks of its enemies, life in a fragile democracy becomes stranger and stranger. The referendum that just brought Turkey closer to one-man rule, explained: Turkish voters just gave their president frightening amounts of new powers. Andrew Bernard on what Erdogan’s win means. Turkey’s constitutional referendum: Experts express fear for a divided country. The introduction to Longing for the Lost Caliphate: A Transregional History by Mona Hassan.