Jack M. Balkin (Yale): Free Speech in the Algorithmic Society: Big Data, Private Governance, and New School Speech Regulation. We have to demystify code because our adversaries are armed with algorithms, too: Morgan Meis interviews Ellen Ullman, author of Life in Code: A Personal History of Technology. Turns out algorithms are racist. Technology is biased too — how do we fix it? Algorithms were supposed to free us from our unconscious mistakes, but now there’s a new set of problems to solve. Biased algorithms are everywhere, and no one seems to care: The big companies developing them show no interest in fixing the problem.

If Google and Facebook rely on opaque algorithms, what does that mean for democracy? Google, Facebook may have to reveal deepest secrets: The algorithms that helped the companies make their fortunes are of growing interest to investigators probing interference in the 2016 election.