All of American history fits in the life span of only three presidents. An excerpt from The Apocalypse of Settler Colonialism: The Roots of Slavery, White Supremacy, and Capitalism in Seventeenth-Century North America and the Caribbean by Gerald Horne. Founding philosophy: Michael Anton reviews The Political Theory of the American Founding by Thomas G. West. Alexis Coe reviews The Three Lives of James Madison: Genius, Partisan, President by Noah Feldman. How can Americans have such different memories of slavery? Jason Silverstein reviews Denmark Vesey’s Garden: Slavery and Memory in the Cradle of the Confederacy by Blain Roberts and Ethan J. Kytle.

Richard White reviews Avenging the People: Andrew Jackson, the Rule of Law, and the American Nation by J. M. Opal. Spanish has never been a foreign language in the United States. Jeff Stein reviews The Virgin Vote: How Young Americans Made Democracy Social, Politics Personal, and Voting Popular by Jon Grinspan. When dissent became treason: Adam Hochschild reviews America and the Great War: A Library of Congress Illustrated History by Margaret E. Wagner; War Against War: The American Fight for Peace, 1914–1918 by Michael Kazin; and Spider Web: The Birth of American Anticommunism by Nick Fischer. The inaugural issue of Modern American History is out.