Samuel Adjetey Adjei (NKUST): The United States of Africa Philosophy: A Historical Perspective. What happened to the Pan-African University? One-Africa advocate Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi has urged the African continent to assemble a one-million-strong defense force capable of defending itself from China and NATO. A New Bandung: An interview with Samir Amin on Africa. Across Africa and the developing world, a new global land rush is gobbling up large expanses of arable land. Survival in the Sahel: It's getting harder all the time. Paul Pillar on the great divides of Africa. Atlas Obscura visits the Timbuktu Manuscripts, which showcase the civilization of West Africans during the Middle Ages. Will protecting an endangered toad trump Tanzania’s need for energy and development? Cameroonians may suffer in a repressive environment, but they neither lack vision nor motivation to unlock the democratic potential of their nation’s future. A review of Making History in Mugabe's Zimbabwe: Politics, Intellectuals and the Media. Liberia is war-weary, with echoes of Old Dixie. Two things we can learn about Morocco’s illegal occupation of Western Sahara from the US embassy in Rabat, courtesy of Wikileaks. The Limits of Smart Power: Can the U.S. military end the epidemic of sexual violence in Congo without getting involved in another endless conflict? Obama's Other War: Can Barack Obama really defeat Joseph Kony, Central Africa's worst guerrilla warlord?