From the Journal of Pan African Studies, Stephen Okhonmina (Igbinedion): The African Union: Pan-Africanist Aspirations and the Challenge of African Unity; Serie McDougal (SFSU): African Foreign Policy: A Question of Methodology; and Oyekan Adeolu Ouwaseyi (Lagos State): Democracy and Africa's Search for Development; and a review of An Afrocentric Manifesto: Toward an African Renaissance by Molefi Kete Asante. The scramble for Timbuktu: Scenes from the race for influence over Africa's ancient written culture. Sanou Mbaye on Francafrique at 50. France beckons Africa: They say the old habits will end — really? Covering the vast continent is no easy task, but Arise magazine does so in a bold and beautiful way. A review of Bertrand Taithe's The Killer Trail: A Colonial Scandal in the Heart of Africa. A look at how how China and India really operate in Africa. Unesco launches effort in Africa to teach the continent its history. The humanitarian's dilemma: Should Westerners help needy Africans? To save Africa, reject its nations: A global effort to derecognize failed African states will force their rulers to adopt the necessary reforms to gain domestic support. Representatives of universities from developed countries, and other well-intentioned people, arrive in Africa with basic assumptions that undermine their work. The Botswana success story: How one African country slowed the AIDS crisis (and more). Why can’t anyone stop the LRA? One of the evilest rebel armies in Africa has been kidnapping children and murdering civilians for 20 years despite constant international efforts to wipe it out. Where Ghana went right: How one African country emerged intact from its post-colonial struggles. Is Ghana amongst the worst-branded in Africa now? (Almost) Out of Africa: Joshua Hammer on the white tribes.

Melissa Bellanta (Queensland): Leary Kin: Australian Larrikins and the Blackface Minstrel Dandy. The introduction to Bourbon for Breakfast: Living Outside the Statist Quo by Jeffrey A. Tucker. A review of The Digital Cast of Being: Metaphysics, Mathematics, Cartesianism, Cybernetics, Capitalism, Communication by Michael Eldred. Globalization and Materialism: Kyle Bristow on the mortal dangers to the soul of Western man. Peter Darbyshire, the author of The Warhol Gang, thinks modern society is screwed. When you think about it, Robert Louis Stevenson was probably right about Victorian times and he is not all that wrong now. A review of American Idol after Iraq: Competing for Hearts and Minds in the Global Media Age by Nathan Gardels and Mike Medavoy. Check your pockets carefully — it’s possible that nearly half of our moon rocks are missing. James Surowiecki on the dangers of financial illiteracy. From the RSA, a special report on mastering our behaviour through instinct, environment and reason. One way to get popular with ladies: Set out to walk around the world in an iron mask. Christopher Lehmann reviews Hope in a Scattering Time: A Life of Christopher Lasch by Eric Miller (and more). The Son of Gutenberg: How WordPress changed the way we publish. A review of How Pleasure Works: The New Science of Why We Like What We Like by Paul Bloom (and more and more and more and more). It's hard enough to predict the challenges we'll face in 20 years, let alone to guess the solutions; the only thing we know for sure is that science can deliver. A review of The Most Powerful Idea in the World: A Story of Steam, Industry and Invention by William Rosen (and more). Thought a black president would lead to more diversity on cable news? The TV landscape has only gotten whiter.

Elizabeth Chittock (Tasmania): Difference Matters. Edward Avery-Natale (Temple): The God Metaphor. Todd McGowan (Vermont): The Necessity of Belief, Or, The Trouble with Atheism. From the Journal of Religion and Society, Paul Cliteur (Leiden): The Definition of Atheism; Andrew Stuart Abel (Hastings) and Andrew Schaefer (Keene State): Seeing Through the Invisible Pink Unicorn; Wioleta Polinska (NCC): The Making and Unmaking of Prejudice: An Interchange between Psychology and Religion; Hans Geser (Zurich): Work Values and Christian Religiosity: An Ambiguous Multidimensional Relationship; and Tomas James Rees (East Sussex): Is Personal Insecurity a Cause of Cross-National Differences in the Intensity of Religious Belief? From The Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, Em McAvan (Murdoch): The Postmodern Sacred; and an article on the Wiccan “Great Rite”: Hieros Gamos in the Modern West. A review of books on Islam. Between "New Atheism" and believers, Apatheism forges a different path. Do you care whether the religious ideas you believe in are true or not? Foxhole Atheists: It's time to retire that old stereotype. A review of Monotheism and Tolerance: Recovering a Religion of Reason by Robert Erlewine. A review of Ontology and Providence in Creation: Taking Ex Nihilo Seriously by Mark Ian Thomas Robson. A review of Christology and Science by F. LeRon Shults. More on Eric Kaufmann’s Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth? A look at 10 of the world’s most bizarre cults. Catherine Tumber reviews Society Without God: What the Least Religious Nations Can Tell Us About Contentment by Phil Zuckerman and Standing in the Light: My Life as a Pantheist by Sharman Apt Russell. Beneath the veil: G. Willow Wilson traveled from B.U. to Cairo, and created a new Muslim life.

Sohail Inayatullah (Tamkang): Defeating the Taliban: Creating an Alternative Future Through Reframing and Humor. From the inaugural issue of the Journal of Integrated Social Sciences, Steve Bearman and Avril Thorne (UC-Santa Cruz) and Neill Korobov (UWG): The Fabric of Internalized Sexism (and a response and a reply); and Kenneth R. Cabell (Clark): How to Order a Baby: Confusions and Constructions of a Little Scientist in the Freudian World (and a response). Endless war, a recipe for four-star arrogance: Indications that the military's professional ethic is eroding should set off alarms. A review of The Masonic Myth: Unlocking the Truth about the Symbols, the Secret Rites, and the History of Masonry by Jay Kinney. A review of Before Roe v. Wade, ed. Linda Greenhouse and Reva Siegel. Academic cracks philosopher's musical code: Historian Jay Kennedy claims Plato's manuscripts are mathematically ordered according to 12-note scale. More and more and more and more and more and more and more on The Rational Optimist by Matt Ridley. The best vacation ever: How should you spend your time off? Believe it or not, science has some answers. Want fiscal reform? Let's start by targeting the fattest farm subsidy checks — which are mailed to the richest New York ZIP codes. Soap operas might save us from overpopulation: Bill Ryerson is using media to change behaviors that contribute to global overpopulation. More and more and more and more and more on At Home: A Short History of Private Life by Bill Bryson. A look at sex differences in approaching friends with benefits relationships. Economist Brad DeLong on why macroeconomics is pretty easy (and more). US hikers were seized in Iraq: An investigation finds Iranian forces crossed the border to arrest them; then a rogue officer took over custody.

Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula (IFN): Why Are There So Few Female Top Executives in Egalitarian Welfare States? Sotunsa Mobolanle Ebunoluwa (Babcock): Feminism: The Quest for an African Variant. Atsuko Kawakami (ASU): From an “Internationalist Woman” to “Just another Asian Immigrant”: Transformation of Japanese Women’s Self-Image before and after Permanent Settlement in a Western Country. Want to dump a troublesome husband, or unsuitable boyfriend? Just call Osamu Tomiya and his team of splitter-uppers, but you’ll have to move to Japan. From the Journal of International Women's Studies, a special issue on gender and Islam in Asia. The sudden flurry of interest in the mainstream press on gendercide suggests a significant cultural shift. A review of The Feminist Promise: 1792 to the Present by Christine Stansell. A review of Dreamers of a New Day: Women Who Invented the Twentieth Century by Sheila Rowbotham (and more and more and more and more). A review of Fifth Avenue, 5 AM: Audrey Hepburn, Breakfast at Tiffany's, and the Dawn of the Modern Woman by Sam Wasson. A review of America and the Pill: A History of Promise, Peril, and Liberation by Elaine Tyler May. Rebellion was everywhere in the 60s, but Germaine Greer's The Female Eunuch made the most audacious demand of all: for a feminist revolution that was personal and political (and more). The early sisters of Sarah Palin: A short history of "feminist" anti-feminists. A look at how conservative women politicians make life harder for working moms. Today's "mancession" will change everything: America is at a key moment in which the economy has shifted to favor women. Is our society on the verge of becoming a matriarchy? It's not the end of men: The problem isn't men; it's traditional gender stereotypes.