From IHE, long road to open access: An effort by leading research universities to rethink the economics of scholarly journals has an underwhelming first year, and experts caution against expectations of quick change; and measuring scholarly influence by citations made sense once — Scott McLemee looks at the emerging alternatives. The new National Research Council (NRC) rankings of doctoral programs for 2005-06 is out — while some are excited about the data, many are pummeling the ratings (and more by Brian Leiter). Puff unto others: Felipe Fernandez-Armesto deplores scholarly reviewing's tarnished golden rule. Putting a price on professors: Should public universities care how much their faculty contribute to the bottom line? Honor among scholars: What is its place in academe in relation to wisdom and gain? Martha Nussbaum fears our critical culture is under attack, with democracy itself coming under threat; Matthew Reisz thinks her case is overstated (and more). Advancing the frontiers of knowledge is at the core of the academy, but the crossing of established disciplinary boundaries is often resisted — how does a band of pioneers stake its claim to novel territory, counter sceptics, win converts and establish itself? The Nutty Professor: What has become of the eccentrics in the ranks of our professors? In professor-dominatrix scandal, the University of New Mexico feels the pain (and more). The Ultimate Power Hobby: Bankers, lawyers, executives jockey to teach a university class, play professor. Who is the online you? Zoe Corbyn surveys the world of academics' personal websites. A cartoon criticizing college websites resonates more deeply than many designers might like. Many universities now offer substantial portions of their courses online, a sign of the direction in which the “open education” movement is headed. YouTube U. beats YouSnooze: Most students, sitting in those large halls, are lost or bored, or both — now, with on-demand course content, there's a better way.

Steven R. Ratner (Michigan): From Enlightened Positivism to Cosmopolitan Justice. Diego H. Rossello (Northwestern): Hobbes and the Wolf-Man: Melancholy and Animality in Modern Sovereignty ("Homo homini lupus, man is a wolf to man, remains one of the most well-known and often quoted dictums in the tradition of political theory... Contrary to conventional wisdom, I suggest that this brief passage directs our attention to lycanthropy: an acute melancholic syndrome which 17th century physiologists thought could turn humans into animals".) The Last Patrol: In the heart of Taliban country, the paratroopers of 2 Charlie begin their final mission, braving snipers, IEDs, and the unrelenting sun. From, Simon Keller and Valerie Tiberius debate well-being and social psychology. From Forbes, a special report on the most powerful people on Earth. From The Economist, a special report on smart systems. The Progressive Change Campaign Committee site had a list of 95 candidates, all Democrats, listed on as pledged supporters of Net Neutrality — all of them lost. A review of books on French revolutions. Margaret Mead's bashers owe her an apology: A review of The Trashing of Margaret Mead: Anatomy of an Anthropological Controversy by Paul Shankman. Are religious believers and atheists doomed to angry arguments, or is it just the Internet? A review of The Way of the Panda: The Curious History of China’s Political Animal by Henry Nicholls. The Artificial Economy of Expat Living: The open secret of any foreign intervention — military, humanitarian, economic — is what happens when the expats swarm into a capital city; the result is a distortion of the local economy, and at worst a complete disaster. Jacques Ranciere on racism and a passion from above.

Anthony D'Amato (Northwestern): Israel's Air Strike Against the Osiraq Reactor: A Retrospective (1996). Robert A. Caplen: The "Charlie Brown Rain Cloud Effect" in International Law ("I apply the metaphor of Charlie Brown, the Charles Schulz comic strip character who seems to always travel with a rain cloud permanently hovering atop him, to a peculiar phenomenon in international law and foreign relations that affects only one nation: Israel".) Giovanni Distefano (Neuchatel): Some Remarks on the United Nations and Territorial Sovereignty in the Occupied Palestine Territories. Historical Fiction: Dore Gold on why Israel is not a colonialist state. From Dissent, Gadi Taub on settler anti-Zionism. Most of Israel’s Arab children attend poorly-performing segregated public schools — what can be done and what does it mean for Israel’s future? Despite the headlines, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has little impact on most Israelis' everyday lives. The Israeli-Palestinian peace talks: Can Israel now say boo to America? Inside the bubble: A review of When They Come for Us We'll be Gone: The Epic Struggle to Save Soviet Jewry by Gal Beckerman (and more and more and more and more and more). Falling far from the family tree: Descendants of Trotsky and Begin share the passion, but not the politics, of their famous forebears. From Commentary, a review of The Unspoken Alliance: Israel’s Secret Relationship with Apartheid South Africa by Sasha Polakow-Suransky. A review of The Myths of Liberal Zionism by Yitzhak Laor. Is Gideon Levy the most hated man in Israel or just the most heroic? (and more). The introduction to How to Cure a Fanatic by Amos Oz. The Unconsoled: George Packer on David Grossman’s Israel trail. Pioneers: A mix of passion and tradition makes Israel a classical-musical superpower.

Thom Brooks (Newcastle): What Did the British Idealists Ever Do for Us? Fionnuala D. Ni Aolain (Minnesota): Masculinities and Child Soldiers in Post-Conflict Societies. Jurassic Ballot: When corporations ruled the Earth. From The National, an article on Sayyid Qutb, man of his era. A House that Murdoch Bought: Conrad Black reviews Sarah Ellison's War At The Wall Street Journal: Inside the Struggle to Control an American Business Empire, David Kindred's Morning Miracle: Inside the Washington Post; A Great Newspaper Fights for Its Life, and Gay Talese's The Kingdom and the Power: Behind the Scenes at The New York Times: The Institution That Influences the World. Effing the Ineffable: How do we express what cannot be said? The introduction to The Aryan Jesus: Christian Theologians and the Bible in Nazi Germany by Susannah Heschel. A review of Utopia or Auschwitz? Germany's 1968 Generation and the Holocaust by Hans Kundnani. A review of Antimatter by Frank Close. The landmark 20th anniversary UN Human Development Index reveals global gains in development even in poorer nations (and more). 5 futurists on the single most significant technologic development of the next 20 years. "They all look the same" race effect seen in the brain. Lose your wimp, embrace your intellectual. Fat studies: A handful of colleges now offer classes entirely devoted to the overweight and obese, but are they intellectually topical or just feel-good, pro-fat propaganda? From Thought Catalog, basically a fucking asshole: An iChat interview with Gavin McInnes, founder of Vice Magazine; and a look at the emerging trend of using MS Paint and Paintbrush to express one’s emotions on the Internet. An interview with Richard Wolin on books on France in the 1960s. Start paying attention now: Hurricane Tomas is going to be a major, major disaster for Haiti.

From The Philosophers' Magazine, ideas of the century: interest in disagreement and experimental philosophy. From Prospect, interest in “trolleyology” — a way of studying moral quandaries — has taken off in recent years; some philosophers say it sheds useful light on human behaviour, others see it as a pointless pursuit of the unknowable. Evolution and the Trolley Problem: People save five over one unless the one is young, genetically related, or a romantic partner. An interview with Zack Lynch on how neuroscience will change the world. Peter Hacker tells James Garvey that neuroscientists are talking nonsense. Robert J. Sawyer is one of the best known sci-fi authors of today; Nick DiChario talks to him about the philosophical ideas embedded in his books. Thomas S. Hibbs on Stanley Cavell's philosophical improvisations. Steve Pyke has been photographing philosophers for more than two decades; in compiling his work for an upcoming book, Mr. Pyke asked his subjects why they had spent their lives in philosophy (and more). From Arts and Opinion, Robert J. Lewis on 1-800-PHILOSOPHY; and what philosophy is good for: If it's only a game, why play the hand we've been dealt? Socrates was condemned to death for telling the ancient Greeks things they didn't want to hear, but his views on consumerism and trial by media are just as relevant today. A review of The Hemlock Cup: Socrates, Athens and the Search for the Good Life by Bettany Hughes. William B. Irvine, author of A Guide to the Good Life: The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy, on what it means to practice an ancient philosophy in the modern world (and part 2 and part 3). Malmesbury bids to become UK's first "philosophy town". Philosophers’ football rematch: Monty Python’s famous match is replayed in North London.