I. Glenn Cohen (Harvard): Medical Tourism, Access to Health Care, and Global Justice. Avihay Dorfman (Tel Aviv): Reasonable Care: Equality as Objectivity. From The Washington Monthly, Phillip Longman on how the politics of debt have gotten so insane that both parties are on the verge of gutting Medicare — the moment might be right to actually fix it; and scandal in the age of Obama: Jonathan Alter on why Washington feeding frenzies aren't what they used to be. Michael Gazzaniga on neuroscience and justice: In an enlightened world of scientific understandings of first causes, we must ask, are we free, morally responsible agents or are we just along for the ride? Felix Salmon on the unhelpful lionization of small business. David Weigel on how conservative blogs and news sites are going after reporters who seem to be giving aid and comfort to Occupy Wall Street. 5 conspiracy theories: If you judge Occupy Wall Street by the number of far-out conjectures it has spawned, the movement is surely a smashing success. The Neuroses of New York: 75 years ago, Karen Horney (a New Yorker) named 10 forms of nuttiness; time for an update! The last of the nation’s most powerful nuclear bombs — a weapon hundreds of times stronger than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima — is being disassembled nearly half a century after it was put into service at the height of the Cold War. An interview with Josh Viertel, president of Slow Food USA. Alms for the rich: How policies meant to promote alternative energies are actually hurting the middle class. Frank Jacobs writes in praise of borders: A new series explores the mysteries that maps and borders can hide — and reveal. The impulse to invest significance in the bodies of the dead has usually been a religious one — yet even my atheist father cared about the treatment of his remains, says Sarah Murray.

From NYRB, a review of Class Warfare: Inside the Fight to Fix America’s Schools by Steven Brill (and more) and As Bad as They Say? Three Decades of Teaching in the Bronx by Janet Grossbach Mayer. War stories captivate middle school students, but is structuring history around its battles the best way to teach? Test scores and teacher evaluation: How teacher union contradictions led to the NEA’s historic endorsement. From the Claremont Review of Books, Diane Ravitch takes it all back — a review essay. Don’t have sex, you will get pregnant and die: Sexuality education in the United States has evolved to teach everything besides sex itself (and more). Why are Finland's schools successful? The country's achievements in education have other nations doing their homework. The introduction to Uneducated Guesses: Using Evidence to Uncover Misguided Education Policies by Howard Wainer. Saving Catholic education: Over 50 years, the U.S. Catholic school population has dropped by almost two-thirds. Should the school day be longer? There's "Room for Debate". A new study says putting boys and girls in different classrooms reinforces gender stereotypes — without helping anyone learn more. Why have homework? Beneath a pillar of our education system lies a troubling uncertainty. Is home economics class still relevant? Tough New York private schools try to lighten load: Some of New York City’s most competitive high schools, like Dalton, Trinity and Horace Mann, are working to address student stress. A review of The Right To Be Out: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in America's Public Schools by Stuart Biegel. From Cracked, here are 16 lessons you wish they'd taught in school; and a look at the 6 dumbest things schools are doing in the name of safety.

Neal Caren and Sarah Gaby (UNC): Occupy Online: Facebook and the Spread of Occupy Wall Street. From TNR, Franklin Foer on how Democrats are misreading the symbiotic relationship between liberals and the left; and Matt Yglesias on how Occupy Wall Street is a rational response to a system that's failed. On playing by the rules: David Graeber on the strange success of #OccupyWallStreet. From the Los Angeles Review of Books, more contributions on #OWS by Mike Davis, Sara Marcus, and more. Roger Berkowitz on the politics of anti-political protest: What to make of OWS. If #OWS needs a manifesto, they should look to John Rawls and his theory of "justice as fairness" (and a response). Mark Engler on the future of the #Occupy movement. Doug Henwood on how a major controversy of the moment is whether to make demands, and if so, of what kind (and more). Calling all liberals: Benjamin Barber on why it's time to fight. Andrew Sullivan on how he learned to love the "goddam hippies" and why their protests aren’t going to end. What the Occupy Wall Streeters are beginning to discover, and homeless people have known all along, is that most ordinary activities are illegal when performed in American streets. “Globalization” is coming home: With eyes focused on Wall Street, major protest plans grow in Europe. Why not occupy newsrooms? Media companies offer their own prime examples of the bonus excess that is driving the protests at Occupy Wall Street. From LARB, Todd Gitlin on the sense of the movement. n+1 announces that Occupy! An OWS-Inspired Gazette is now available for download. Anarchist organizer David Graeber draws condemnation and raves at Texas Book Festival panel. The Hipster Cop: The Ralph Lauren-obsessed plainclothes police officer spotted at the OWS protests has become an Internet sensation (and more: "It’s almost too good to be true. Gay hipster cop finds love at the anti-capitalist protest?")

Zachary D. Kaufman (GWU) and Phil Clark (Oxford): After Genocide. Kyle J. Hatton and Katharina Pistor (Columbia): Maximizing Autonomy in the Shadow of Great Powers: The Political Economy of Sovereign Wealth Funds. A review of The Hellhound of Wall Street: How Ferdinand Pecora’s Investigation of the Great Crash Forever Changed American Finance by Michael Perino. Kim Solez and Nikki Olson on the evolving dynamic of evil and love. Rightbloggers denounce the end of the Iraq occupation and the "horrific murder" of Gaddafi. The New Norquist: Meet Colin Hanna, the GOP’s latest hardline power broker. A review of On Second Thought: Outsmarting Your Mind's Hard-Wired Habits by Wray Herbert. Is the number of basic colour terms a language has reflected in the number of colours on its country’s flag? A review of Modernist America: Art, Music, Movies, and the Globalisation of American Culture by Richard Pells. Gavin Polone on why TV shouldn’t be so afraid of the word "fuck". An interview with Charlotte Gill, author of Eating Dirt: Deep Forests, Big Timber, and Life with the Tree-Planting Tribe. From Boing Boing, an interview with David Eagleman, neuroscientist. A look at he 6 most mind-blowing ways your brain can malfunction. From GQ, two days after the Japanese tsunami, after the waves had left their destruction, as rescue workers searched the ruins, news came of an almost surreal survival: Miles out at sea, a man was found, alone, riding on nothing but the roof of his house. A review of The Unity of Consciousness by Tim Bayne. Used to be that live-action role-playing (LARP) was nothing more than a bunch of full-grown virgins with action-figure collections. Do we need a third-party presidential candidacy? Ezra Klein debates Matt Miller. A review of The Origins of AIDS by Jacques Pepin.

From Discover, when will we be transhuman? Seven conditions for attaining transhumanism; and “I would hope that saner minds would prevail”: An interview with Mary DeMarle on the ethics of transhumanism. A history of transhumanism: How old is the transhumanist desire in man? The key is to see “transhumanism” as a philosophy being just a temporary crutch, a tool for humanity to safely make the leap to transhumanity — transhumanism is really only simplified humanism. A review of The Hacking of Human 2.0 by Richard Yonck. Humanity 2.0: Steve Fuller says we are moving away from seeing ourselves as "normal" humans as we increasingly embrace technological and medical advances — if we can afford them (and more). The cyborg in us all: When will we be able to direct computers with our thoughts? Sooner than you think. Nicholas Agar, Brad Allenby, and Kyle Munkittrick debate extreme human enhancement. Too smart for our own good: Will cognitive enhancement destroy the human race? A review of Technological Nature: Adaptation and the Future of Human Life by Peter H. Kahn. Michael Anissimov on mitigating the risks of artificial superintelligence. Does humanity need an AI nanny? Ben Goertzel wonders. A review of Beyond Humanity? by Allen Buchanan. The early rumblings of the coming Singularity are becoming increasingly evident and obvious — make no mistake: It’s coming. The Singularity isn't near: Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen and Mark Greaves say the singularity itself is a long way off. From the 2011 Singularity Summit, Tyler Cowen and Michael Vasser debate the Singularity. George Musser on how life arose on Earth, and how a Singularity might bring it down.

Marc Lynch (George Washington): After Egypt: The Limits and Promise of Online Challenges to the Authoritarian Arab State. Harris Breslow and Ilhem Allagui (AUS): A Decade of Internet Time in the Arab World: Or How to Stop Worrying and Love the Internet. What Wikileaks tells us about Al Jazeera: Is the rapidly expanding Middle East satellite television network and voice of the Arab Spring as independent as it claims? From Le Monde diplomatique, what to do about Al-Jazeera? Al-Jazeera has great influence in the Arab world, now in ferment, and it is able to embarrass Qatar’s government by contradicting its diplomatic moves; and from oil to business tourism: In just a few years Qatar has risen to the forefront of the global economic scene (and more and more). The Pink Hijab: The Arab revolts of 2011 have transformed the image of the Islamic world; one young Egyptian woman’s struggle reflects the scope of change — and shows how long it has been in coming. The Egyptian impasse raises a sobering question: whether a revolution can succeed without violence. Have the Arab uprisings made Israel less secure? A review of Rock the Casbah: Rage and Rebellion Across the Islamic World by Robin Wright (and more). Hussein Agha and Robert Malley on the Arab Counterrevolution. In post-Mubarak Egypt, the big decision is whether to face an uncertain future at home or abroad. Turbulence in the Fourth Wave: Even if the Arab spring does create a surge of regional democracy, expect the tide to ebb and flow. Is the Arab Spring doomed to end in tribal violence and strongman rule? Why the pessimists about Libya, Yemen, and the rest may have it wrong. A review of The Arab Revolution: Ten Lessons from the Democratic Uprising by Jean-Pierre Filiu. Sons of no one: Syria’s rebel youth have had to teach themselves everything.

Charles M. Yablon (Yeshiva): Madison's Full Faith and Credit Clause: A Historical Analysis. William W. Van Alstyne (William and Mary): One Man’s Stand for Freedom: Opinions and Lectures of Mr. Justice Hugo Black. From The New York Times Magazine, a special issue on food and drink. The human capacity for self-deception knows no bounds, but why do we do it? According to biologist Robert Trivers the simple answer is that it helps us have more children. Daniel Kahneman on the hazards of confidence: It afflicts us all, because surety in our own judgments is part of being human. A review of What Is a Palestinian State Worth? by Sari Nusseibeh. Tune In: How five groundbreaking, teen-intoxicating videos got made. How MTV held pop culture hostage: A review of I Want My MTV by Craig Marks and Rob Tannenbaum. The eternal adolescence of Beavis and Butt-Head: In the 1990s, Mike Judge unleashed a pair of giggling cultural commentators — now they’re back, returning to a very different culture. Eric Cantor’s America: The House majority leader is trying to stop the U.S. government in its tracks — and so far, he’s doing a pretty effective job. A review of Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson. From Vanity Fair, a special section on the New Establishment 2011. North Korean leader Kim Jong-il's grandson has applied to study in Bosnia and is awaiting a visa before attending classes at an international college in the town of Mostar. But I just know: An excerpt from Believing Bullshit by Stephen Law. An excerpt from Uncreative Writing: Managing Language in the Digital Age by Kenneth Goldsmith (and more). Trippy Tales: Here is a history of 8 hallucinogens. Why won't Playboy die? Nora Ephron on the creepy resilience of Hugh Hefner, who has thrived even as his empire withers. A look at 6 laws you've broken without even realizing it.

Kwabena Boamah (SMC): The Collapse of Lehman Brothers: How it Happened. Rainer Masera (LUISS): Taking the Moral Hazard Out of Banking: The Next Fundamental Step in Financial Reform. Richard W. Painter (Minnesota): The Moral Responsibilities of Investment Bankers. Doc Zone, a documentary series produced by CBC Television, is now airing "Meltdown", a four part investigation into the great financial debacle of 2008. Darrell Duffie on his book How Big Banks Fail and What to Do about It. When will the walls of the central banks fall? Dean Baker on the cult of incompetent bankers. Sylvia Nasar on Keynes, Schumpeter and the great post-war mistake. The boom was the illusion: The world economy is on the edge of a precipice; the best we can hope for now is a managed retreat from the wilder shores of globalisation — the alternative is the collapse of the euro, protectionism and even war (and more) Nouriel Roubini on how to prevent a depression. Joseph Stiglitz on how to end the global recession: more public spending and financial reform. The Curious Capitalist on state capitalism vs the free market: Which performs better? The media likes to talk about markets as if they were just a force of nature — in fact, markets and their outcomes are largely shaped by political power. The capitalist network that runs the world: An analysis of the relationships between 43,000 transnational corporations has identified a relatively small group of companies, mainly banks, with disproportionate power over the global economy. History’s missed moment: Why did the greatest failure of laissez-faire capitalism since the Great Depression lead to a turn to the right rather than the left in both Europe and the U.S.? The revolution of capitalism: Karl Marx may have been wrong about communism but he was right about much of capitalism.

Kenneth W. Abbott and David Gartner (ASU): The Green Climate Fund and the Future of Environmental Governance. Markets can be very, very wrong: Consumers are paying much too low a price for coal-generated electricity, because the price they pay does not take account of the very large external costs associated with generation. Coal is the enemy of the human race, mainstream economics edition. A review of The Ethics of Global Climate Change. A review of A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change by Stephen M. Gardiner (and more). Where did global warming go? Elisabeth Rosenthal wants to know (and more). From Climate Access, a look at seven reasons why the public is not engaged on climate. Kevin Drum on how climate skeptics take another hit. A look at how conservatives want to end support for America’s fastest growing industry. A review of Green Is the New Red: An Insider’s Account of a Social Movement Under Siege by Will Potter. Eric Biber (UC-Berkeley): Which Science? Whose Science? How Scientific Disciplines Can Shape Environmental Law. From Conservation, a review of Rat Island: Predators in Paradise and the World’s Greatest Wildlife Rescue by William Stolzenburg; a look at how a provocative essay calling on conservation biologists to stop bad-mouthing nonnative species has sparked a testy showdown in the pages of the prestigious journal Nature (and more); and struggling to survive in the twenty-first century, naturalists might take a page from their own playbook: evolve, adapt and use technology to woo people back to nature. The Plastic Bag Wars: The world consumes 1 million plastic shopping bags every minute — and the industry is fighting hard to keep it that way (and more and more).

Brian F. Havel and Gabriel S. Sanchez (DePaul): The Emerging Lex Aviatica. Stephen Ruth (George Mason): The Dark Side of Telecommuting: Is a Tipping Point Approaching? From ProPublica, just how much can the state restrict a peaceful protest? An FBI official calls for safe, alternate Internet. A brief history of the brain: David Robson tracks the evolution of our brain from its origin in ancient seas to its dramatic expansion in one ape — and asks why it is now shrinking. The Tsuris: Barack Obama is the best thing Israel has going for it right now — why is that so difficult for Netanyahu and his American Jewish allies to understand? Ron Cowen the mathematics of basketball. Cognitive biases in sports: Samuel McNerney on the irrationality of coaches, commentators and fans. Lt Col D. J. Western on how to say “national security” in 1,001 languages. Predictable evolution: If one could rewind the history of life, would the same species appear with the same sets of traits? Razib Khan on the last 100,000 years in human history. How do households allocate their time when someone loses a job? G.D.P. doesn’t measure happiness: The size of our economy is one measure of success, but it’s not the only measure. Where women are winning: Fair hiring in China, literacy in Mali — rankings reveal where women are leaving their mark, and where the gains are slow to come. Hexidecimally Lingual: Websites must speak 16 languages to go global. Here are 5 scientific reasons your idea of happiness is wrong. Here is the foreword (by Tony Judt) to Religion in America: A Political History by Denis Lacorne. Philosopher of B.S.: Stephen Law is intent on warning people about the perils of bullshit. Quirkiest cultural practices from around the world: With business now a global affair, it is essential to learn the customs, practices and habits of a foreign office.