A new issue of Armed Forces Journal is out. From Military Review, fighting the information war but losing credibility — what can we do? Attempting to make public affairs a nonlethal weapon renders it ineffective — professional journalists will resist accepting press releases full of polemics and propaganda; and the military-media relationship — an exercise in strategic patience: To succeed, the military and the media need each other, no matter how good or strained the relationship. Fareed Zakaria on why defense spending should be cut. Think before you cut: PW Singer on ten simple rules for how to slash the Pentagon's budget without endangering U.S. national security. A secret war in 120 countries: Nick Turse on the Pentagon’s new power elite. Could the Pentagon be responsible for your death? Tom Engelhardt on the military’s marching orders to the jihadist world. From FDL, a book salon on Unmaking War, Remaking Men: How Empathy Can Reshape Our Politics, Ours Soldiers and Ourselves by Kathleen Barry. Military combat and mental health: Resul Cesur, Joseph Sabia, and Erdal Tekin on the psychological costs of war. Joyce S. Goldberg on why she can no longer teach U.S. military history. America's atheist warriors: Like Pat Tillman before them, up to 40,000 US soldiers don't believe in God — meet Jason Torpy, the man who would bring secular wisdom to their ranks. Can Captain Jason Torpy make the intensely Christian U.S. military a better place for atheists? The zombie deployment guide: Jon R. Anderson on a semi-serious look at surviving the undead horde. Translating the Coast Guard uniform: When you see a Coast Guardsman, you can’t help but notice the ribbons, devices and insignias. The Last of the First Club: Who’ll make that poignant and final toast?

S. Adam Seagrave (Notre Dame): Darwin and the Declaration. Kevin Butterfield (Oklahoma): The Right to Be a Freemason: Secret Societies and the Power of the Law in the Early Republic. A review of The New Deal: A Modern History by Author Michael Hiltzik. In Drew Faust’s interpretation, the Civil War was a tragic but necessary component of national progress, but the more provincial reenactors intuitively understand a more fundamental story, that war is a result of the fallen human condition. How did Woodrow Wilson become America's most hated president? A review of The President is a Sick Man: Wherein the Supposedly Virtuous Grover Cleveland Survives a Secret Surgery at Sea and Vilifies the Courageous Newspaperman Who Dared Expose the Truth by Matthew Algeo. When money brought us together: The euro may be struggling, but history shows that a currency union really can thrive; the evidence? We’re living in it. A review of This Violent Empire: The Birth of an American National Identity by Carroll Smith-Rosenberg. American politics at ten paces: Strict codes of conduct marked the relationships of early American politicians, often leading to duels, brawls, and other — sometimes fatal — violence. A review of Civic Passions: Seven Who Launched Progressive America by Cecelia Tichi. The Rodney Dangerfield of presidents: Two hundred years after his birth, Franklin Pierce still gets no respect. Fallout Shelters: Jeff Nilsson on the underground movement that failed. A review of The American Crucible: Slavery, Emancipation and Human Rights by Robin Blackburn. An interview with Ken Burns on his latest documentary, on Prohibition. A war lost and found: After decades of doubt and confusion, the Union turns out to have been worth fighting for after all. A review of The Farfarers: A New History of North America by Farley Mowat.

From Boston Review, T.M. Scanlon on Libertarianism and Liberty: How not to argue for limited government and lower taxes. From TNR, a symposium on Liberalism and Occupy Wall Street, with contributions by Paul Berman, Todd Gitlin, William Galston, David Greenberg, and more. From Jacobin, here is a debate on left politics and strategy. Conor Friedersdorf on 8 well-intentioned ideas that Occupy Wall Street should reject. Should protesters have just voted instead? Rep. Barney Frank sympathizes with OWS, but wonders where protesters were a year ago, when the anti-regulation GOP cleaned up at the ballot box. David Meyer on what Occupy Wall Street learned from the Tea Party. From Downtown Express, a month in, O.W.S. and community are trying to coexist (and more and more). Active-duty gays: Coming out has been nonevent. Men are funnier than women, but only just barely and mostly to other men — so says a psychology study. Jane Miller on why the English language ain’t that bad. It's odd that Facebook makes us worried we can't forget enough, while Google makes us worried we'll forget too much. A review of Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius by Sylvia Nasar (and more and more). A solution in search of a problem: Eric Hunting on nationalism, environmentalism, and space’s struggle for cultural relevance. Robots at War: A review of Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the Twenty-first Century by P.W. Singer and Predator: The Remote-Control Air War over Iraq and Afghanistan: A Pilot’s Story by Lieutenant Colonel Matt J. Martin with Charles W. Sasser. Language 50,000 BC: Our ancestors like Yoda spoke. Big Talk: Alex Mensing on the possibilities of large linguistic databases. Separating the wheat from the chaff: Will industrialized foods be the end of us?

Christine M. Korsgaard (Harvard): A Kantian Case for Animal Rights. From Brock Review, a special issue on Animals in Human Societies, including Patricia Denys on Animals and Women as Meat; Carol L. Glasser on Tied Oppressions: An Analysis of how Sexist Imagery Reinforces Speciesist Sentiment; John Sorenson on the Myth of “Animal Rights Terrorism”; Paul Hamilton on Animal Liberation: A View from Political Science; a review of Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Thought by Gary Steiner; a review of A Rat is a Pig is a Dog is a Boy by Wesley J. Smith; and an interview with Ronnie Lee, one of the founding members of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). A review of Speciesism, Painism and Happiness: A Morality for the Twenty-First Century by Richard D. Ryder. Do animals have rights? It's complicated. Peter Singer on moral progress and animal welfare, and a planet for all apes. Here are 5 reasons why we should worry about an ape revolution. The ethics of animal enhancement: By increasing the rational faculties of animals, and by giving them the tools to better manage themselves and their environment, they stand to gain everything that we have come to value as a species. Born with autism, Temple Grandin doesn't think like most people — but when it comes to understanding animals, she's in a league of her own. Zooists seek to normalise erotic contact between humans and animals, but the principle of consent must retain primacy. Women Who Run With the Wolves: Jill Abramson’s The Puppy Diaries, Julie Klam’s You Had Me at Woof, and why dog women get more respect than cat ladies. Pets with problems: Does spaying cause depression in dogs and cats? Josh Ozersky on the gastronomic case against eating baby animals.

Hitoshi Nasu (ANU): The Expanded Conception of Security and International Law: Challenges to the UN Collective Security System. Fred Grunfeld (Utrecht): International Law and International Relations: Norm and Reality or Viceversa. Cindy Daase (FUB): The United Nations and the Secretary-General as Mediators and Norm-Promoters Global Norms and Standards in the Mediation of Intra-State Conflicts. From the Goettingen Journal of International Law, Alexander R. J. Murray (Lancaster): Does International Criminal Law Still Require a "Crime of Crimes"? A Comparative Review of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity; and Mayeul Hieramente (Max Planck): The Myth of "International Crimes": Dialectics and International Criminal Law. From Vision, David Hulme on Global Problems, Global Solutions: Weapons and warfare; inadequate food and water; and injustice. Daniele Archibugi on why international courts and tribunals need to become real instruments of justice — and not simply tools for the strong — if the promise of Immanuel Kant's universal community is to become a reality. A review of The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions Are Changing World Politics by Kathryn Sikkink. Avoiding the scourge of war: Donald Hempson on the challenges of United Nations peacekeeping. Making UN peacekeeping more robust: Patrice Sartre on protecting the mission, persuading the actors. Non-state actors and human rights: Gustavo Mauricio Bastien Olvera on the case of arms manufacturers. The pink elephant in the corner of the room that nobody wants to acknowledge: Michael E Harris on the dichotomy of multinational corporations, instruments of foreign policy, development, and impediments to corporate criminal prosecutions for gross human and humanitarian rights violations.

Nancy Leong (Denver): The Open Road and the Traffic Stop. Joseph Blocher (Duke): Rights To and Not To. From Der Spiegel, a special report on the Ticking Euro Bomb: How a good idea became a tragedy (and part 2 and part 3). America the Brutiful: Yanks are starring on foreign screens — and it ain't a pretty sight. Did a massive comet almost wipe out humans in 1883? From U.S. Intellectual History, an article on Occupy Wall Street and the culture wars of the “New Class”. Should Occupy Wall Street take up arms? American history is full of revolutionary violence — will the Occupy movement follow John Brown’s example? United Nations expert on torture Juan Mendez calls on all countries to ban the solitary confinement of prisoners except in very exceptional circumstances and for as short a time as possible. Has empathy become the new scapegoat? Empathy doesn’t always lead to more moral behavior, but it can lead to more intelligent behavior. Why did the approval ratings of President George W. Bush — who was perceived as indecisive before September 11, 2001 — soar over 90 percent after the terrorist attacks? Because Americans were acutely aware of their own deaths. What's in a logo? A search is underway for a universal logo for human rights. Where to get the world’s best service: International travelers rank the level of service they experienced in 24 countries. Nate Silver on the geography of college football fans (and realignment chaos). Who profits from unpaid labor? Emily Witt and Marc Smirnoff go head to head about Ross Perlin's Intern Nation: How to Earn Nothing and Learn Little in the Brave New Economy (and more at Bookforum). Is Craig Venter going to save the planet, or is this more hype from one of America’s most controversial scientists? A look at the 6 most badass families of all-time.

A new issue of Freethought Today is out. Daniel Philpott (Notre Dame), Timothy Samuel Shah (Georgetown) and Monica Toft (Harvard): From Faith to Freedom: The Role of Religious Actors in Global Democratic Progress. Victor M. Muniz-Fraticelli (McGill): The Distinctiveness of Religious Liberty. Rupert Read (East Anglia): Religion as Sedition: On Liberalism's Intolerance of Real Religion. Zachary R. Calo (Valparaiso): Catholicism, Liberalism and Human Rights. Elizabeth Oldmixon (North Texas), Brian Calfano (Missouri State) and Jane Suiter (Cork): Clergy as Political Elites. James V. Schall on liberal education and the priesthood. Is religion above the law? In supposedly avoiding certain questions, a ministerial-exception case raises other, unanswerable ones. From Skeptic, a review of Jesus Potter Harry Christ by Derek Murphy; and a look at religion in Harry Potter: Do J. K. Rowling’s novels promote religion or undermine it? Brook Wilensky-Lanford on Edens Everywhere: It wouldn’t be paradise if it weren’t already lost. Peter Laarman on why liberal religious arguments fail. A seminary for nonbelievers: Is A. C. Grayling creating his own religion? Tom Bradley on baptizing dead people for fun and profit: Organized religion's most imaginative scam. From Science, did an unholy trinity kill Jesus? Converts vs. Cradle Catholics: Are believers-by-birth less motivated witnesses? Believing in Johnny Cash: An open letter to atheists. A review of Tri-Faith America: How Catholics and Jews Held Postwar America to Its Protestant Promise by Kevin M. Schultz. From The New Individualist, beyond belief: Is the world ready for a fully rational outlook? Varieties of irreligious experience: There are many ways not to believe — Jonathan Ree on the evoluton of atheist thought. The Dating Game: How Jehovah's Witnesses meet their match.

From Modern Age, a review of Majority Rule versus Consensus: The Political Thought of John C. Calhoun by James H. Read; and a review of The Golden Age of the Classics in America: Greece, Rome, and the Antebellum United States by Carl J. Richard. A review of The Declaration of Independents: How Libertarian Politics Can Fix What’s Wrong With America by Nick Gillespie and Matt Welch. A review of The Neoconservative Persuasion: Selected Essays, 1942-2009 by Irving Kristol. From The University Bookman, a symposium on Conservatism and Empire, including Paul Gottfried on how the GOP swallowed the conservative movement; and James Kalb on empire and the crisis of American conservatism. A review of The Reactionary Mind: Conservatism from Edmund Burke to Sarah Palin by Corey Robin (and a response by Robin, and more). Ben Alpers on the Frankfurt School, right-wing conspiracy theories, and American conservatism (and more). Libertarians and conservatives must choose: Competitive enterprise or idolatry of property. Gavin McInnes on ten things to hate about the Right. Sam Tanenhaus on imperial conservatism’s last gasp. Marx’s Tea Party: The populist right has forgotten an older form of class analysis. A review of The Roots of Modern Conservatism: Dewey, Taft, and the Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party by Michael Bowen. The moral foundation of a free society: Craig Biddle on Ayn Rand's theory of rights. Capitalists of the world, unite: Peter Frase on the "capital strike", the right’s favorite strike. James Joyner on the changing definition of "conservative": Since John McCain's defeat in 2008, the right has rejected the people and ideas it once praised. A review of Libertarianism Today by Jacob H. Huebert. Diplomats, demagogues and innocents abroad: Tristan Abbey on why conservatives should resist pressure from within to retreat from world affairs and embrace their diplomatic heritage.

Lynne Rudder Baker (UMass): The Metaphysics of Everyday Life. Deepa Varadarajan (St. John's): A Trade Secret Approach to Protecting Traditional Knowledge. From Humanist Studies and the Digital Age, here are the proceedings of the international symposium, "Francesco Petrarca: From Manuscript to Digital Culture". A review of Can Intervention Work? by Rory Stewart and Gerald Knaus. A video of a horrendous hit-and-run accident in China involving a two-year-old child has sparked outcry in the nation and questions over the price of modernity. More and more and more and more and more and more and more on Steven Pinker's The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined. A review of Supergods: What Masked Vigilantes, Miraculous Mutants, and a Sun God from Smallville Can Teach Us About Being Human by Grant Morrison. Rightbloggers work on the Nixonization of Occupy Wall Street. Nate Silver on the geography of Occupying Wall Street (and everywhere else). A geography lesson for the Tea Party: Even as the movement’s grip tightens on the GOP, its influence is melting away across vast swaths of America, thanks to centuries-old regional traditions that few of us understand. Tea Party Death Trip: Why are some Americans so comfortable letting fellow citizens die? Readers have "discovered" a so-called rogue caption writer for the Globe and Mail; catchy quips from this caption-crusader have been fascinating fans for quite some time but his clever pot-shots directed at the ultra-wealthy seem to have struck a nerve. The Internet Intellectual: Evgeny Morozov reviews Public Parts: How Sharing in the Digital Age Improves the Way We Work and Live by Jeff Jarvis. Harold Pollack on why liberals need to rethink everything they knew about housing policy.

Anna Cesari (Bologna): Oil and Democracy. Melinda Harm Benson (UNM): Are We Addicted to Oil? Lessons from Mental Health. Mahdi Rastad (Illinois): Do Oil Producers Extract More as They Become Richer? A Natural Experiment Using Unanticipated Reserve Discoveries. Issam A.W. Mohamed and Abdelaziz Marhoum (Al-Neelain): Oil, Referendum and the Economic Impacts of Southern Sudan Secession. Abdul Sattar A. Musa (Mustansiriya): The Realty of Iraqi Oil Sector and the Future Options. Erik Voeten (Georgetown) and Michael L. Ross (UCLA): Unbalanced Globalization in the Oil Exporting States. How the West was drilled: From Alberta to the Brazilian Coast, a tour of the new American oil frontier that could eclipse the Middle East. The return of the BP disaster: Oil is resurfacing again not far from the location of the BP Macondo Well off the Gulf of Mexico, 15 months on. A review of The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World by Daniel Yergin (and more and more and more and more and more and more). David Roberts on Fareed Zakaria, Daniel Yergin, and the elite disdain for clean energy deployment (and more). Johnny West on Iraq’s Last Window: Diffusing the risks of a petro-state. Michael T. Klare on America and oil: Declining together? Why the whole idea of the US achieving "energy independence" is a sham that enriches Big Oil and Coal. Is OPEC dead? You'd think that OPEC would be laughing it up right now — all the way to the bank. Russ Baker on what they don’t tell you about oil industry tax breaks. Johann Hari on the deal we dare not turn down: It is coming from the people of Ecuador, led by their President Rafael Correa, and it would begin to deal with two converging crises. A review of Surviving the Apocalypse in the Suburbs: The Thrivalist's Guide to Life Without Oil by Wendy Brown. What is "peak oil", anyway? Brad Plumer investigates.