S. Adam Seagrave (Notre Dame): Darwin and the Declaration. Kevin Butterfield (Oklahoma): The Right to Be a Freemason: Secret Societies and the Power of the Law in the Early Republic. A review of The New Deal: A Modern History by Author Michael Hiltzik. In Drew Faust’s interpretation, the Civil War was a tragic but necessary component of national progress, but the more provincial reenactors intuitively understand a more fundamental story, that war is a result of the fallen human condition. How did Woodrow Wilson become America's most hated president? A review of The President is a Sick Man: Wherein the Supposedly Virtuous Grover Cleveland Survives a Secret Surgery at Sea and Vilifies the Courageous Newspaperman Who Dared Expose the Truth by Matthew Algeo. When money brought us together: The euro may be struggling, but history shows that a currency union really can thrive; the evidence? We’re living in it. A review of This Violent Empire: The Birth of an American National Identity by Carroll Smith-Rosenberg. American politics at ten paces: Strict codes of conduct marked the relationships of early American politicians, often leading to duels, brawls, and other — sometimes fatal — violence. A review of Civic Passions: Seven Who Launched Progressive America by Cecelia Tichi. The Rodney Dangerfield of presidents: Two hundred years after his birth, Franklin Pierce still gets no respect. Fallout Shelters: Jeff Nilsson on the underground movement that failed. A review of The American Crucible: Slavery, Emancipation and Human Rights by Robin Blackburn. An interview with Ken Burns on his latest documentary, on Prohibition. A war lost and found: After decades of doubt and confusion, the Union turns out to have been worth fighting for after all. A review of The Farfarers: A New History of North America by Farley Mowat.

From Boston Review, T.M. Scanlon on Libertarianism and Liberty: How not to argue for limited government and lower taxes. From TNR, a symposium on Liberalism and Occupy Wall Street, with contributions by Paul Berman, Todd Gitlin, William Galston, David Greenberg, and more. From Jacobin, here is a debate on left politics and strategy. Conor Friedersdorf on 8 well-intentioned ideas that Occupy Wall Street should reject. Should protesters have just voted instead? Rep. Barney Frank sympathizes with OWS, but wonders where protesters were a year ago, when the anti-regulation GOP cleaned up at the ballot box. David Meyer on what Occupy Wall Street learned from the Tea Party. From Downtown Express, a month in, O.W.S. and community are trying to coexist (and more and more). Active-duty gays: Coming out has been nonevent. Men are funnier than women, but only just barely and mostly to other men — so says a psychology study. Jane Miller on why the English language ain’t that bad. It's odd that Facebook makes us worried we can't forget enough, while Google makes us worried we'll forget too much. A review of Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius by Sylvia Nasar (and more and more). A solution in search of a problem: Eric Hunting on nationalism, environmentalism, and space’s struggle for cultural relevance. Robots at War: A review of Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the Twenty-first Century by P.W. Singer and Predator: The Remote-Control Air War over Iraq and Afghanistan: A Pilot’s Story by Lieutenant Colonel Matt J. Martin with Charles W. Sasser. Language 50,000 BC: Our ancestors like Yoda spoke. Big Talk: Alex Mensing on the possibilities of large linguistic databases. Separating the wheat from the chaff: Will industrialized foods be the end of us?

Christine M. Korsgaard (Harvard): A Kantian Case for Animal Rights. From Brock Review, a special issue on Animals in Human Societies, including Patricia Denys on Animals and Women as Meat; Carol L. Glasser on Tied Oppressions: An Analysis of how Sexist Imagery Reinforces Speciesist Sentiment; John Sorenson on the Myth of “Animal Rights Terrorism”; Paul Hamilton on Animal Liberation: A View from Political Science; a review of Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Thought by Gary Steiner; a review of A Rat is a Pig is a Dog is a Boy by Wesley J. Smith; and an interview with Ronnie Lee, one of the founding members of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). A review of Speciesism, Painism and Happiness: A Morality for the Twenty-First Century by Richard D. Ryder. Do animals have rights? It's complicated. Peter Singer on moral progress and animal welfare, and a planet for all apes. Here are 5 reasons why we should worry about an ape revolution. The ethics of animal enhancement: By increasing the rational faculties of animals, and by giving them the tools to better manage themselves and their environment, they stand to gain everything that we have come to value as a species. Born with autism, Temple Grandin doesn't think like most people — but when it comes to understanding animals, she's in a league of her own. Zooists seek to normalise erotic contact between humans and animals, but the principle of consent must retain primacy. Women Who Run With the Wolves: Jill Abramson’s The Puppy Diaries, Julie Klam’s You Had Me at Woof, and why dog women get more respect than cat ladies. Pets with problems: Does spaying cause depression in dogs and cats? Josh Ozersky on the gastronomic case against eating baby animals.