Richard Bellamy (UCL): “An Ever Closer Union Among the Peoples of Europe”: Republican Intergovernmentalism and Demoicratic Representation within the EU. David Friedman reviews The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century by Paul Collins. A review of Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy, from 1453 to the Present by Brendan Simms and German Europe by Ulrich Beck. Germany has created an accidental empire: An interview with Ulrich Beck. Doug Bandow on how Europe is turning into a continent without a military. Europe fails to learn the lessons of history: Brad DeLong on political union for Barry Eichengreen's "Future of the Euro" conference. What’s stopping Europe? Allan H. Meltzer wonders. From The New Federalist, should we fear the exit of a European Union Member State? Richard Reinsch on exiting the nation state.

Kathryn A. Watts (Washington): Judges and Their Papers. Michael D. Murray (Valparaiso): The Promise of Parentheticals: An Empirical Study of the Use of Parentheticals in Federal Appellate Briefs. Jamie Mackay on nationhood and the multitude: a new form of political subject? More than ever, we need the UN: Katrina vanden Heuvel interviews Jan Eliasson, UN Deputy Secretary-General. Omar Hammami is an American jihadist from Somalia; he intends to stay one, even as he's struck up a Twitter friendship with U.S. counterterrorists. Thatcher lives — in Moscow: Can you track the many ways in which Putin and Thatcher were alike? Wonkblog introduces its first book club, on Ira Katznelson’s Fear Itself. How many people have been unconstitutionally executed in Texas? David R. Dow and Safa Ansari-Bayegan investigate. Dove wants you to love yourself — but only momentarily.

Don't. Talk. To. A. Newspaper: If a hack ever says to you, “It would be great to hear your side of the story”, run a mile. Mainstream media meltdown: Newspapers will never be the same — but what happens to democracy if the Web business model can't fund journalism? David Schwartz interviews C.W. Anderson, author of Rebuilding the News: Metropolitan Journalism in the Digital Age. Inga Saffron on the end of the newspaper building: Struggling dailies are abandoning their grand old buildings — that's not a bad thing. Jack Shafer on the long, slow decline of alt-weeklies. Matthew Yglesias on the glory days of American journalism: Ignore the doomsayers — the news-reading public has never had more and better information at their fingertips. Don’t stop the presses: Newspaper club revives printing with personal gazettes.

Nicholas Vargas (Purdue): Off White: Colorblind Ideology at the Margins of Whiteness. Finding people on Twitter who are into violent extremism is easy, but finding out who's the most successful at spreading extremist ideologies online is a lot harder. Nicolas Maduro’s narrow victory in Venezuela’s presidential election raises an important question: Can populism thrive without a genuinely popular, charismatic leader? That's rich: Wealthy Americans, more than the middle class, say the Grand Old Party is out of touch. Think tanking has just gotten a little bit more intriguing in Washington, DC due to "The Panel Crasher", an anonymous blogger who is documenting his quest to get free meals at think tanks. Henry Farrell on ten years of Krauthammer Days. America feels increasingly like a nation united by spectacles of atrocity.

From 3:AM, on metaphysical foundations for science: E.J. Lowe is a frost-cool deep fry who goes to the heavy core of the metaphysical lodestone and thinks about kinds of being all the time by building a system in the old style in order to get a grip on the very nature of reality itself. The first chapter from On Physics and Philosophy by Bernard d'Espagnat. From Berfrois, Christopher Beckwith on how Western Europe developed a full scientific method. Alan Wall on pattern recognition and the periodic table: Is there a fundamental difference between the use of language in scientific discourse and the use of language in fiction or poetry? E.O. Wilson on how great scientists don't need math (and a response). How to write a scientific paper: Sort of scientist and sci-fi writer Greg Benford gives us the nuts and bolts. Scientific articles accepted (personal checks, too): Scientists stumble into a parallel world of pseudo-academia, complete with prestigiously titled conferences and journals that sponsor them.