Stijn Claessens, M. Ayhan Kose, Luc Laeven, and Fabian Valencia (IMF): Understanding Financial Crises: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses. Mathijs A. Van Dijk (Erasmus): The Social Costs of Financial Crises. Marion Fourcade (UC-Berkeley), Philippe Steiner (Sorbonne), and Wolfgang Streeck and Cornelia Woll (Max Planck): Moral Categories in the Financial Crisis. Roger A. Shiner (UBC): Corporations and the Presumption of Innocence. How many rotting apples do hedges hide? High-profile prosecutions only hint at the crime and ethical misbehavior rampant in America’s most rewarding high-finance suites. From Vanity Fair, did Goldman Sachs overstep in criminally charging its ex-programmer? Michael Lewis investigates. Lewis Bassett interviews Brett Scott, author of The Heretic’s Guide to Global Finance: Hacking the Future of Money. Our response to the 2008 financial crisis wasn't great, but it wasn't that bad either. From, Jon Moen reviews History and Financial Crises: Lessons from the 20th Century; and Kris James Mitchener reviews Ben Bernanke’s The Federal Reserve and the Financial Crisis. Greg Palast on the confidential memo at the heart of the global financial crisis. Those who follow developments in the derivatives market, and particularly in its sub-section, the options market, may be aware of the concept of Smirkness. Howard Davies reviews A World without Wall Street? by Francois Morin. Suzanne McGee on why an intern’s death won’t change Wall St. culture.

Mark Shirk (Maryland): Consequences of Combating Transnational Violence: The Golden Age of Piracy and the Creation of an Atlantic World. Neil Irwin on how Wall Street stopped worrying and learned to love global turmoil: Syria in flames, emerging markets crashing, a debt ceiling debate nearing — this is why financial markets are doing just fine, anyway. There's a new guideline for helping chemical-weapons victims in Syria — and it's brutal. Fruzsina Eordogh on how BuzzFeed is taking trolling to a new level by pandering to right-wing nuts. Caroline O’Donovan on the difference between a tablespoon and an ocean: Academic blog The Monkey Cage finds a home at The Washington Post. Why would anyone use nerve gas when the world loathes its existence? Joe Pappalardo on three reasons it probably makes sense to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The Middle East explained in one excellent “Letter to the Editor”. Max Fisher on the one map that shows why Syria is so complicated. Brian Beutler on the right’s black crime obsession: Conservative media's total fixation on black-on-black and black-on-white crime isn't going to end — here's why. Why do we pathologize gender nonconformity? Shaunacy Ferro on what Chelsea Manning's gender dysphoria reveals about the limits of psychiatric diagnoses. Meet 115, the newest element on the Periodic Table. Researchers take on crucial question: Are haters gonna hate?

Timothy J. Demy, Demetri Economos, and Jeffrey M. Shaw (NWC): Historical and Social Constructs of Technology: Contexts and Value for the Contemporary World. Hugo Chesshire (Brock): The Death of the Internet: Online Freedom and the Problem of Technology. Joel Mokyr on why technopessimism is bunk. The machine of a new soul: Computers will help people to understand brains better — and understanding brains will help people to build better computers. Do our brains pay a price for GPS? Leon Neyfakh on how a useful technology interferes with our “mental mapping” — and what to do about it. At the Draper University of Heroes, tech dreamers are taught to don capes and believe in Silicon Valley’s most idealized version of itself. Noam Cohen on the Internet’s verbal contrarian: The writer Evgeny Morozov has quickly become the most prominent critic of the utopian promises coming from Silicon Valley. Sam Biddle’s job at Valleywag is to note just how self-absorbed the tech industry in Silicon Valley and San Francisco (and occasionally New York) can be. Mr Geek goes to Washington: America’s tech tycoons are seeking to “hack” politics. John Judis on the GOP plan to crush Silicon Valley: What will become of Steve Jobs’s angel? Matthew Yglesias on why the Justice Department was absolutely right to go after Microsoft in the 1990s. Nicholas Thompson on why Steve Ballmer failed (and more). Nicholas Carson on the Truth about Marissa Mayer: An Unauthorized Biography.