Josef Montag (Mendel) and Tomas Sobek (Masaryk): Should Paris Hilton Receive a Lighter Prison Sentence Because She's Rich? Evidence from a Survey Experiment. Robert Rigg (Drake): Are There No Prisons? Mental Health and the Criminal Justice System in the United States. Jay Borchert (Michigan): Denying Liberty: The Failure to Extend Lawrence v. Texas to Prisons and Prisoners. From Contexts, after serving a long prison sentence for murder, Bruce was released into a world he no longer knew — over ribs and shortbread, he shares the story of his re-entry and his passion for food; and Charis Kubrin explains the big — and problematic — picture for those who have served their time, but will now be put to new tests on the outside. Nicholas Clairmont explores the religious prisoner's dilemma. Matt Stroud understands there’s no money to be made in selling ads alongside prison journalism, so he considers himself lucky to be paid at all. Joaquin Sapien on how the ongoing effort to end prison rape hits a new snag. From NYRB, David Kaiser and Lovisa Stannow on the shame of our prisons: New evidence. Paul Waldman on six charts that explain why our prison system is so insane. With 2.3 million people incarcerated in the US, prisons are big business: Meet the corporations who are profiting off our prison system. The U.S. ranks 1st in locking people up. Doran Larson on why Scandinavian prisons are superior: “Open” prisons, in which detainees are allowed to live like regular citizens, should be a model for the U.S.

Lovorka Gruic-Grmusa (Rijeka): The Transformations in the Understanding of Temporality in Postmodern Literature. From The National Interest, Franz-Stefan Gady on lust, a hidden influence on foreign policy. To ousted boss Jose Bustani, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons was seen as an obstacle in Iraq. Experts needed; knowledge optional: Chris Lehmann on how the Beltway media embraced a fake Syria expert. Felix Salmon on Barack Obama vs zombies. Andrew Sullivan on the tea party as a religion. Michael Tomasky on how the Senate debt ceiling deal won’t mean this chaos is over — far from it. Matthew Yglesias on what's next for the federal budget. Andrew Rudalevige on overcoming the violence of faction: The Framers worried about factions and anarchy — what's old is new again. Lionel Rolfe on why Obama will go down in history as one of our greatest presidents. Emily Yoffe to college women: Stop getting drunk (and Ann Friedman to college men: Stop getting drunk). Jay Rosen on why Pierre Omidyar decided to join forces with Glenn Greenwald for a new venture in news (and more). From Cabinet, Aaron Schuster on a philosophy of tickling: A sensation between physics and metaphysics; and D. Graham Burnett on relational economics: Tabua and the question of currency. The Los Angeles Times will no longer publish letters from climate change deniers. Chris Bailey on 100 incredible things he learned watching 70 hours of TED talks.

Verlan Lewis (Cambridge): The Fallacy of Essential Ideological Constructs in American Political Science. What is ideology? It is more than just the sum total of our own individual political beliefs — an ideology is, in some ways, like a coalition of ideas. Dan Balz on the deep-seated roots of divisive U.S. politics. Are our political beliefs encoded in our DNA? Thomas B. Edsall investigates. The evolutionary roots of partisanship: A review of Our Political Nature: The Evolutionary Origins of What Divides Us by Avi Tuschman (and a look at why racist people tend to be conservative). Do people get their politics from their parents? A new study says conservatives react more strongly to insults than liberals. Want to reduce polarization? You need to improve political journalism. From Pacific Standard, what’s the appeal of angry, polarized media? A new sociological study suggests watching or listening to shows that confirm our political prejudices help us feel like part of a community; and people hold negative views of political and social activists, and their unwillingness to associate with such people dampens the likelihood of changing their behavior. What do liberals and conservatives look for in a date? New research suggests that people even solve math problems differently if their political ideology is at stake. Dylan Matthews on how people argue with research they don’t like: If you ever need to rebut a study whose conclusion you don't like, just follow this simple flowchart. Want to win a political debate? Try making a weaker argument.

Prakash Kashwan (UConn): Greening a Machiavellian State? Insights for International Environmental Governance. Alyssa Johl (CIEL) and Sebastien Duyck (Lapland): Promoting Human Rights in the Future Climate Regime. Sandra B. Zellmer (Nebraska): Treading Water While Congress Ignores the Nation's Environment. We need a war on coal: Peter Singer on why it’s wrong for affluent Westerners to inflict the damages of climate change on the world’s poor. Will coal survive the EPA’s new carbon rules? The EPA unveils a rule that could make it impossible to build new coal plants for years to come (and more and more and more). Nora Caplan-Bricker on how the EPA case could determine the fate of Obama's ambitious climate plan. What have we actually learned about global warming in the last 25 years? Climate science has advanced a lot since 1990 — but it's striking how many basic conclusions have stayed the same. How much global warming will happen before you kick the bucket? Stephan Lewandowsky, James Risbey, and Naomi Oreskes on how climate change is not all disaster and uncertainty. Lindsay Abrams interviews Bill McKibben: “Being green won’t solve the problem”. Can we finally have a serious talk about population? Chris Mooney reviews Countdown: Our Last, Best Hope for a Future on Earth? by Alan Weisman (and more). Who, we ask now, will populate the Greenland of the melting princess, fill the single clear window we have on climate change? They’re taking over: Tim Flannery reviews Stung! On Jellyfish Blooms and the Future of the Ocean by Lisa-ann Gershwin.

Hu Shuqin (Qingdao): A Relevance Theoretic Analysis of Verbal Humor in The Big Bang Theory. Neil Irwin interviews Robert Shiller: “When I look around I see a lot of foolishness, and I can’t believe it’s not important economically”. Justin Fox on what the Great Fama-Shiller Debate has taught us. From PopMatters, Jane Potthast on reconsidering aesthetic anachronism; and A. Bowdoin Van Riper on Hollywood, history, and the art of the Big Anachronism. Timothy B. Lee on how the Tea Party broke the Constitution: The American system of government requires compromise — and the tea party is making the GOP incapable of compromising. From Crime Library, a look at the most compelling crime photos of all time and the most famous murders of every US city; and no murders occurred in New York City last week. John Sides on how the electoral ramifications of the shutdown are far from clear: Democrats are excited and Republicans are gloomy — it's far too soon for either reaction. Nate Cohn on how the GOP can't survive without the Tea Party. Alex Howard on how the first Internet president produced the government’s biggest, highest-stakes Internet failure. Brad Plumer on why hitting the debt ceiling would be terrible even if we didn’t default. Felix Salmon on how the default has already begun: Every day that goes past is a day where trust and faith in the US government is evaporating — and once it has evaporated, it will never return.

A new issue of Ryerson Review of Journalism is out. Tim Groeling (UCLA) and Matthew Baum (Harvard): Partisan News Before Fox: Newspaper Partisanship and Partisan Polarization, 1881-1972. Kenneth S. Rogerson (Duke): Fact Checking the Fact Checkers: Verification Web Sites, Partisanship and Sourcing. Rosie Gray and Jessica Testa on the inside story of Mint Press News’ defense of Assad: A small Minnesota news outlet caused a storm when it ran a story claiming Syria’s rebels carried out a chemical attack near Damascus in August. Is Barrett Brown a journalist or an activist? Regardless of the answer, his case is an outrage. Freedom of information: Ken Auletta on the newspaper that took on the N.S.A. Meet the NSA-proof Drop Box for whistleblowers: A new way for sources to reach journalists, based on technology developed by the late activist and coder Aaron Swartz. From the Tow Center, a look at the effects of mass surveillance on journalism. Amy Davidson on when journalists are called traitors. Glenn Greenwald on the perfect epitaph for establishment journalism. Philip Di Salvo on the rise of the drone-journalists. Peta Krost Maunder on the future of investigative journalism. Street-beat confidential: Journalist Juan Gonzalez has been writing about wrongs for thirty-five years — what's he got today? Alex Pareene on how Politico invents/generates “news”. Laura Bennett on the weird, desperate world of Washington Post TV. Matthew Engel reviews Romps, Tots and Boffins: The Strange Language of News by Robert Hutton.

Peter H. Schuck (Yale): James Q. Wilson and American Exceptionalism. The vanity of American exceptionalism: Richard Gamble reviews American Exceptionalism: An Experiment in History by Charles Murray. Gracy Olmstead on American exceptionalism revisited. America's exception deception: Paul Waldman on coming to terms with the potential fallout from our superiority complex. Ajamu Baraka on an African American perspective on US exceptionalism. American exceptionalism has been in full view of the world in the last few days, but not in the way that people usually mean. Ronald Inglehart on how Putin was right about American exceptionalism. When cynicism is a virtue and sincerity a vice: Andrew Levine on the moralization of American exceptionalism. Pepe Escobar on “Breaking” American exceptionalism. Lewis Lapham on the death of American exceptionalism and the changing American idea of mortality. Katrina vanden Heuvel on American exceptionalism, according to Oliver Stone. Is America exceptional? Sure it is, in ways that can be measured and felt and, just as important but rarely considered, debated. Cass Sunstein on the real meaning of American exceptionalism. The fragile ego of imperialism: Rodolfo Acuna on the problem with American exceptionalism. Has the belief in American exceptionalism helped the U.S. protect its national interests or led it into military and diplomatic quagmires? Joel S. Hirschhorn on the Greatest Nation Fantasy: Replace U.S. with Scandinavia. Danny Quah on the end of US exceptionalism.

A new issue of Griffith Review is out. Ariel Alvarez (Montclair State): The Constitutionality of the Inevitable Regulations of All Tax Return Preparers. Nancy Fraser on how feminism became capitalism's handmaiden and how to reclaim it: A movement that started out as a critique of capitalist exploitation ended up contributing key ideas to its latest neoliberal phase. From Archeology, Eric A. Powell on telling tales in Proto-Indo-European. Steve Kolenberg on 5 dumb myths about prehistoric times that everyone believes. Marc Tracy interviews National Review's Robert Costa on dominating shutdown coverage: “I’m not on the conservative team”. Matt Welch interviews Jeremy Scahill author of Dirty Wars: The World Is a Battlefield. Here’s why you really don’t want a strip club next door: A new spatial analysis of sexually oriented businesses finds crime is indeed higher in their wake. Ezra Klein on five thoughts on the Obamacare disaster. Brad DeLong wants to turn the Nobel Prize in Economics into an opportunity to advance the ball with respect to public knowledge of the financial sector and how it works in the economy — but it won’t happen. Charlie Jane Anders on 10 myths about science fiction (and why they matter). Impeach Obama: Hendrik Hertzberg on the G.O.P. insurrection. Joel Heller on Shelby County and the end of history. Can America survive parliamentary norms in a presidential system? The Furies Never End: Amid the government shutdown, pundits have expressed great shock at the radical nature of these new “upstart” Republicans — even though their cause, tactics, and influence are as old as American history itself.

Welcome to an Economy for the 1%: A full 95 percent of all of the new income generated during the 2009-2012 recovery went to a very small group of individuals. Michael Todd on the benefits of wealth inequality (and why we should not fear it). Billionaire Buzzkill: They’re ruining the fun for mere millionaires. Adam Waytz on the problem with rich people and ethics. Those at the top take all the credit in the best of times and blame everyone beneath them the rest of the time — at all times, though, they take the money. Daniel Goleman on how rich people just care less: The poor are more attuned to social relations, because they have to be — reducing the economic gap may be impossible without also addressing the gap in empathy. Plutocrats feeling persecuted: Paul Krugman on the rise of a small but powerful group of what can only be called sociopaths. The poor might’ve been hardest hit by the housing crisis, but the rich complain most. Poor little rich guys: The Supreme Court clamors to protect the right of Richie Rich, Scrooge McDuck, and the Koch brothers to further corrupt American politics. Scott Lemieux on McCutcheon, the next victory for the 1 percent. Keith Payne on the myth of executive stress: How tough is it, really, to be the boss? “Shame on us”: How businesses brought thedebt limit mess onto themselves. Sorry, rich people: Even you will be affected by the shutdown.

Matthew M. Heekin and Bruce W. Burton (Charlotte): When is Minority Not Minority: NCAA Ignores Two Centuries of Anglo-American Contract Law Respecting Legal Status. Jonathan Chait on why markets are not the solution to the NCAA’s problems. College F-ing Football: Johnny Manziel is not the issue — it's finally time to occupy the NCAA. If the NCAA ran the country: Josh Levin on how the college sports business model would fix Hollywood, Wall Street, and every other industry. Rachel Bachman on saving college football's greatest rivalries: Why are the most historic of rivals ducking out of their annual spectacles? The most loved, hated college football team: Notre Dame Fighting Irish. What if American colleges abolished football? David Macaray wonders. Matt Connolly on why college football video games are done. Zachary Miner on infantilization and fantasy football. Is it o.k. to watch football? Ian Crouch wonders. The safest sport? Everything that you’ve heard about football is wrong. You won’t watch football the same after League of Denial. Marc Tracy on why we are all to blame for the NFL's concussion crisis. Gregg Easterbrook on how the NFL fleeces taxpayers: Public subsidies, tax breaks, and exorbitant salaries — it's time to stop enriching the league, and the feudal lords who own its teams. President Obama says the Redskins should “think about changing” the team's name. Obama doesn’t bring us together — football does. John J. Miller on football and the American character.