Michael Tonry (Minnesota): Sentencing in America, 1975-2025. Melissa Hamilton (Houston): McSentencing: Mass Federal Sentencing and the Law of Unintended Consequences. Craig S. Lerner (George Mason): Life Without Parole as a Conflicted Punishment. Alexander Volokh (Emory): Prison Accountability and Performance Measures. Harry Levine on the scandal of racist marijuana arrests and what to do about it. Lauren Kirchner on mapping (and potentially preventing) crime with math. As federal prison population spiked 790 percent: Prison overcrowding is projected to get even worse in the coming years — the one single fix that could stem the trend is reform to mandatory minimum sentences, a new study finds. Haunting new pictures of women in prison: Oklahoma has the world's highest incarceration rate for women — Yousef Khanfar traveled there and took these pictures of them. Why are prison riots declining while prison populations explode? Joseph Bernstein visits the corrections officers’ annual Mock Prison Riot. The American Police State: Sociologist Alice Goffman interrogates the criminal-justice system, and tries to stay out of the spotlight. Congress is poised to bury “tough-on-crime” — Obama should hang back and let them work. Al From and Jose Cerda on why American politicians don't talk about crime anymore. Christian Lorentzen reviews Manson: The Life and Times of Charles Manson by Jeff Guinn.

Evie Browne (Birmingham): State Fragility and Social Cohesion. The introduction to The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction by David Wengrow. Arindrajit Dube on the minimum we can do: A 10 percent increase in the minimum wage would reduce poverty by around 2 percent. Higher calling: Steve Coll on raising the minimum wage. Better pay now: Raising the minimum wage would help many Americans, and might actually be politically possible. Jared Bernstein on the minimum wage and the laws of economics. Kevin Hartnett on the most important people who ever lived: A new ranking system puts Napoleon above Shakespeare and Darwin, and finds some very overrated artists. Statistically, who's the greatest person in history? Cass Sunstein on why quants can't measure historic significance. What if Edward Snowden was made to disappear? Welcome to the Memory Hole. Healthcare.Gov is not like Amazon.com — should we care? Brian Beutler on how Obamacare became its own culture war. Richard Brody on Hannah Arendt's failures of imagination. The greatest trick the Supreme Court ever pulled was convincing the world Roe v. Wade still exists. GOP debunked on food stamps: Forget the nonsense about them breeding dependency — food stamps increase self-sufficiency, research shows. This is every Millennial trend piece ever written. ungrammatical language is awseome u guys srsly.

Taylor Davis (UBC): Group Selection in the Evolution of Religion: Genetic Evolution or Cultural Evolution? Rob Ninowski on the origins of religion: A historical and methodological review. The rise of religion might be all about sex: A study suggests religion might have arisen to protect certain reproductive strategies, like long-term partnership. The introduction to God, Sexuality, and the Self by Sarah Coakley. Andrea Castillo on New Atheism, moral orders, and the psychology of sanctity. David E. Campbell on how it’s social ties — not religion — that makes the faithful give to charity. What good is religion? Sigfried Gold wonders. Can you have religion without God? Moshe Halbertal on Ronald Dworkin and a religious worldview for secularists (and more). Deeper than God: Stanley Fish on Ronald Dworkin’s religious atheism. Isaac Chotiner interviews Richard Dawkins on the Pope, fiction, and why Jews win Nobel Prizes. Scientists try to reconcile Adam and Eve story, whiff — again. What are the odds that Jesus rose from the dead or Moses parted the waves? Even with the best witnesses, vanishingly small. From Vice, was Jesus a Roman hoax to trick the Jews? Piercarlo Valdesolo on the psychological power of Satan: How a belief in “pure evil” shapes people’s thinking. Is secularism unprincipled? Ian Pollock wonders. Billy Sichone on why Bertrand Russell rejected Christianity. London-based “atheist church” launches new congregation in Nashville. Adam Lee on why people are flocking to a new wave of secular communities: Atheist churches.