Francine J. Lipman and Dawn Davis (UNLV): Heal the Suffering Children: Fifty Years after the Declaration of War on Poverty. Susannah Camic Tahk (Wisconsin): The Tax War on Poverty. Joseph M. Dodge (FSU): The Fair Income Tax. Atif Mian and Amir Sufi on the most important economic chart. Danny Vinik on the real reason liberals support higher taxes on the rich: It's not about tearing the rich down — it's about raising everyone else up. Matt Bruenig on America's class system across the life cycle. Why don't the 1 percent feel rich? The merely rich are making more, but they're not worth more — it's the 0.01 percent that are creating our new Gilded Age. Andrew Prokop on the new study about oligarchy that's blowing up the Internet, explained. What oligarchy means: Sahil Kapur interviews Princeton's Martin Gilens. Boer Deng on the silver lining to our oligarchy. Tina Dupuy on how not to talk about wealth inequality. Hamilton Nolan on how the mega-rich get the best government welfare. David Cay Johnston on the shocking numbers behind corporate welfare: Boeing and its stockholders fly high on tax dollars. Orlando Sotomayor on Puerto Rico’s billionaires strategy. We have met the enemy: A review of Creditocracy and the Case for Debt Refusal by Andrew Ross (and more). Some conservatives say income inequality is a good thing — the evidence suggests otherwise. Begging the inequality question: Many of us dislike inequality not because we envy the mega-rich but because it is (sometimes) a symptom of malfunctioning markets, that “the system is rigged". Are teen jobs becoming a luxury good? A sharp decline in work for youth is depriving a generation of key skills — especially the kids who need them most. Helaine Olen on how our brains aren't to blame for our financial woes.

From Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Alexandre Billon (Lille): Why Are We Certain That We Exist? Jo Ann Cavallo (Columbia): On Political Power and Personal Liberty in The Prince and The Discourses. An interview with Philip Bobbitt, author of The Garments of Court and Palace: Machiavelli and the World That He Made. The first chapter from Redeeming The Prince: The Meaning of Machiavelli's Masterpiece by Maurizio Viroli. The Dear Leader and the Prince: Sergio E. Sanchez on Kim Chong-Il’s exploitation of Machiavelli’s masterpiece. Don MacDonald wrote a graphic novel, Machiavelli, and he is now launching a Kickstarter campaign in order to raise money for the conversion of the novel from an online text, which is what it is now, into a printed text, an e-book, and a website. George Skouras on the commons, capitalism, and the constitution. Lewis Powell writes an open letter to Neil deGrasse Tyson. Martin Medina on the Aztecs of Mexico: A zero waste society. Who polices the world's police? Once the preserve of Nazis and clock-watching bureaucrats, the international crime-fighting organisation Interpol is now good at its job — so why is it mired in controversy? Two new letters for the DNA alphabet: Life created A, C, G, and T — now, say hello to X and Y. You just need a good f*ck: Pussy Riot, street protesters, and the proletariat all just need a robust roll in the hay to get over their political grievances, according to one Russian diplomat. Cliven Bundy is now offering awful U.S. history lessons on YouTube.

Reyam El Molla and Mary Ellen O'Connell (Notre Dame): The Prohibition on the Use of Force for Arms Control: The Case of Iran’s Nuclear Program. Jordan J. Paust (Houston): Armed Attacks and Imputation: Would a Nuclear Weaponized Iran Trigger Permissible Israeli and U.S. Measures of Self-Defense? Derek Tyler Johnson (Wisconsin): The New Jerusalem and Middle Eastern Nationalism. Milena Sterio (Cleveland State): Humanitarian Intervention Post-Syria: Legitimate and Legal? Peter Neumann argues that Assad has himself to blame. A red-brown alliance for Syria: Neo-Nazis, Stalinists, Catholic fundamentalists and pacifists may seem like strange political bedfellows, but they have found common ground in a diffuse brand of anti-imperialism. Turkey goes out of control: Christopher de Bellaigue reviews The Rise of Turkey: The Twenty-First Century’s First Muslim Power by Soner Cagaptay; Gulen: The Ambiguous Politics of Market Islam in Turkey and the World by Joshua D. Hendrick; and The Imam’s Army by Ahmet Sik. Will the next world war start in the Middle East? Isaac Chotiner interviews Richard Evans on who caused WWI, the best books to read on it, and whether the modern Middle East will spark the next World War. Curt Jones on the battle for control of the Middle East. The next Arab-Israeli war will be fought with drones: Hezbollah, weaponized robots, DIY air forces — an unnerving look at the future of Middle East conflicts. The secret world of American spies in the Middle East: Frederick Deknatel reviews America’s Great Game: The CIA’s Secret Arabists and the Shaping of the Modern Middle East by Hugh Wilford. Israel in the eye of the hurricane: The Middle East is imploding, America is pulling back — time for a new regional strategy. No Exit: Michael J. Totten on why the US can’t leave the Middle East.