John C. Dehn (Loyola): The Conflict of Laws in Armed Conflict and Wars. Ziv Bohrer (Bar-Ilan): Human Rights vs Humanitarian Law or Rights vs Obligations: Reflections Following the Rulings in Hassan and Jaloud. Malcolm B Savage (Richmond): The Evolution of the U.S. Extraordinary Rendition Program: Violations of International Law Under Ker-Frisbe and the Convention Against Torture; and Guantanamo Bay and the United States Military Commissions: The Perplexities of Trial and Punishment by the Laws of War. Jordan J. Paust (Houston): Human Rights on the Battlefield. Robert L. Tsai (American): Three Arguments About War. Jeremy Waldron (NYU): Death Lists and Death Squads: Targeted Killing and the Character of the State. Ganesh Sitaraman (Vanderbilt) and David Zionts (Harvard): Behavioral War Powers. Lucas Issacharoff and Samuel Issacharoff (NYU): Constitutional Disequilibrium in the Declining Marginal Cost of War. Ben Monarch (Kentucky): One Minute to Midnight: Amending the War Powers Resolution to Confront the Coming Cyber Wars.

Andreas Fischer (Heidelberg): Wisdom: The Answer to all the Questions Really Worth Asking. Will Franklin Graham lead an evangelical exodus from the GOP? Graham announced he was leaving the Republican Party as a result of the inclusion of Planned Parenthood funding in the spending bill that sailed through Congress last week; while he’s the first to formally bail, he might not be the last. Nonstop music is one sign Christmas isn’t fading: Some radio stations that play all-Christmas music begin switching as early as Nov. 2. Out with the old: Why the bottom has dropped out of the antiques market. Behind the iron cage: What can Max Weber tell us about Leo Tolstoy? Think tanks aren’t going extinct — but they have to evolve. From Slate, a calendar of the best things that happened during 2015. America’s lost generation: Matthew Crosston on Russian “expertise” within Generation X.

Scott Fitzpatrick (Oregon): The Pre-Columbian Caribbean: Colonization, Population Dispersal, and Island Adaptations. Gavin Fridell (St. Mary’s): On the Margins of the Rising South: ALBA and Petrocaribe in the Caribbean. Armand Claude De Mestral (McGill): The Constitutional Functions of the Caribbean Court of Justice. Grandfather’s backpay: F.S.J. Ledgister reviews Britain’s Black Debt: Reparations for Caribbean Slavery and Native Genocide by Hilary McD. Beckles. American media upped its coverage of the Dominican Republic’s internment and deportation practices, but the repression of Haitians continues (and more). Edwidge Danticat on the long legacy of occupation in Haiti. This is not your parents’ Caribbean: Change is coming from multiple directions, driven by a thawing of U.S.-Cuban relations, Puerto Rico’s debt crisis, and the decline of Venezuela’s regional influence. Only three Caribbean countries so far have beaches certified by Blue Flag, an international programme for assessing the health of coastal waters.

Maarten Boudry (Ghent), Michael Vlerick (Johannesburg), and Ryan McKay (Royal Holloway): Can Evolution Get Us Off the Hook? Evaluating the Ecological Defence of Human Rationality. Saying nice things about Hillary Clinton has become a subversive act. Sorry, conservatives, Obamacare is still working. Libertarians smell: If you take the demonization of employers and salvation by government literally, you end up with Marxism or something like it. A survey measured 38 countries' support for free speech — the US came out on top. Alasdair Wilkins on why childhood memories disappear. Beverly S. Stohl on what it’s like to be Noam Chomsky’s assistant: The renowned linguist’s longtime personal aide describes the view from the front row. John Maxwell Hamilton and Kevin Kosar on how the American government is trying to control what you think — is this the new propaganda?

Can Donald Trump lead a conservative movement he barely understands? Phyllis Schlafly, an icon of the conservative movement who has been active for half a century, is warning the nation: Donald Trump is the last hope for America. What if Trump is winning because of his bigotry? David Frum on the real secret to Trump’s success: The frontrunner’s support is mostly built on his confident projection of executive intelligence. Forget Donald Trump’s “schlong”, the sexist stuff other Republicans say is far more offensive.

From Behemoth, Sylvia Kuhne (Hamburg): Gambling with the “Gift”? On the Relationship between Security Technologies, Trust and Distrust: The Case of Fingerprinting; and John Philipp Baesler (SVSU): From Detection to Surveillance: U.S. Lie Detection Regimes from the Cold War to the War on Terror. Maurice Dawson (Missouri): A Brief Review of New Threats and Countermeasures in Digital Crime and Cyber Terrorism. Stephen Schulhofer (NYU): Access to National Security Information under the U.S. Freedom of Information Act. Alexandra H Perina (State): Black Holes and Open Secrets: The Impact of Covert Action on International Law. Zachary D. Clopton (Cornell): Territoriality, Technology, and National Security. Ashley Deeks (Virginia): Checks and Balances from Abroad. Nathan Alexander Sales (Syracuse): Can Technology Prevent Leaks? Stephen Humphreys (LSE): Conscience in the Datasphere. How our desires are woven into the surveillance state: Nausicaa Renner reviews Exposed: Desire and Disobedience in the Digital Age by Bernard Harcourt.