Mario Coccia (CNR): What Is Science and Scientific Research? Why Do Nations Produce Scientific Research?; and The Laws of the Evolution of Research Fields. Gopal Sarma (Emory): Should We Train Scientific Generalists? (and more and more) We should teach all students, in every discipline, to think like scientists. Is science hitting a wall? Economists show increased research efforts are yielding decreasing returns (and part 2). The scientific paper is obsolete — here’s what’s next. Twitter for scientists: An idea whose time has finally come? Wes Henricksen (Barry): Scientific Knowledge Fraud. 400,000 scientists all over the world have been published in fake journals.

From TNR, the sexism of “genius”: Stephen Hawking was one of many male scientists described as geniuses, a term rarely bestowed on their female peers; and how science’s sex problem is getting harder to ignore. Julia Belluz on 4 big takeaways from a huge new report on sexual harassment in science: Science needs to have its #MeToo moment.

Jens David Ohlin (Cornell): Did Russian Cyber-Interference in the 2016 Election Violate International Law? New evidence contradicts theory that Easter Island society collapsed. Trump is mad that Turkey’s economic crisis has made their currency weaker, so now he’s making it even weaker. Why the Space Force is just like Trump University (and more). Brian Kemp, enemy of democracy: An expert on voter suppression, he will help keep Georgia red. Racism is a problem of white elites, and Kris Kobach proves it. Edward Said, 40 years later: The academy evolved, but has anyone else? Did Kabila just bring democracy to Congo? Why the FBI firing Peter Strzok, a frequent Trump target, matters (and more).

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is not your manic pixie dream girl. Thread: “Just a quick reminder that in-person debates are a terrible way to test the merits of ideas”. Thread: “No question that could really be decisively settled in 90 minutes of argument between four smart people would actually be WORTH debating, because the question would already be settled”.

Daniel Drezner on Dinesh D’Souza’s cramped quarters in the Ideas Industry. David Frum on Dinesh D’Souza and the decline of conservatism (and more). Your everyday Republican has some galling views. QAnon is about much more than Trump — it reveals the deep pathologies of the Republican Party. GOPus delendus est: The modern Republican Party no longer serves any legitimate purpose — it needs to be crushed and the earth salted behind it. The Republican Party is dead: Gregg LaGambina interviews Dan Pfeiffer. The conservative movement is a few Supreme Court decisions away from having unlimited power, and one sees no Cincinnatus among them. Are you still sure there’s no need to worry? The rule of law in the United States is in dismal shape. Democracy is what we make of it: Institutions won’t save us — we have to save them.

Kieran Setiya (MIT): Must Consequentialists Kill? Eva Erman (Stockholm) and Niklas Moller (KTH): The Interdependence of Risk and Moral Theory. Ivar R. Hannikainen (PUC-Rio), Edouard Machery (Pitt), and Fiery A. Cushman (Harvard): Is Utilitarian Sacrifice Becoming More Morally Permissible? Michael Davis (IIT): How Applied Should Applied Ethics Be? Samuel Kahn (IUPUI): Kant and the Duty to Promote One’s Own Happiness. Paul Diduch reviews The Socratic Turn: Knowledge of Good and Evil in an Age of Science by Dustin Sebell. The introduction to The Moral Psychology of Compassion, ed. Carolyn Price and Justin Caouette.

Rachel Fredericks (Ball State): Moral Responsibility for Concepts. Raff Donelson (LSU): Three Problems with Metaethical Minimalism. Pekka Vayrynen (Leeds): A Simple Escape from Moral Twin Earth. Yair Levy (Tel Aviv): Does the Normative Question about Rationality Rest on a Mistake? Garrett Cullity (Adelaide): Stupid Goodness. Brian Cutter (Notre Dame): The Metaphysical Implications of the Moral Significance of Consciousness. Thomas Nagel reviews As If: Idealization and Ideals by Kwame Anthony Appiah (and more). Ami Harbin reviews When Doing the Right Thing is Impossible by Lisa Tessman. Suffering, not just happiness, weighs in the utilitarian calculus.

From Syndicate, a symposium on Moral Psychology by Mark Alfano. David McPherson (Creighton): Manners and the Moral Life. Yishai Cohen (Southern Maine): An Analysis of Recent Empirical Data on “Ought” Implies “Can”. John Basl (Northeastern) and Christian Coons (Bowling Green): Ought to Is: The Puzzle of Moral Science. Mahrad Almotahari (UIC) and Adam Hosein (Northeastern): Is Anything Just Plain Good? Richard Marshall interviews Agnes Callard on ancient philosophy and ethics. Time to abandon grand ethical theories? Julian Baggini argues that morality is often merely a case of muddling through. Are money matters moral matters?

Francisco Garcia Gibson (UBA): Against Moral Purism. Melis Erdur (OUI): Moral Realism and the Incompletability of Morality. Jessica Isserow (ANU) and Colin Klein (Macquarie): Hypocrisy and Moral Authority. Attila Tanyi (Tromso) and Andras Miklos (Rochester): Consequentialism and Its Demands: The Role of Institutions. Seth Lazar (ANU): Moral Sunk Costs. Michael Cholbi (Cal Poly Pomona): Why Moral Expertise Needs Moral Theory. Antti Kauppinen (Helsinki): Who’s Afraid of Trolleys? Paul Hurley (Claremont McKenna): Exiting The Consequentialist Circle: Two Senses of Bringing It About. People aren’t as morally superior as they think they are.

Arnon Levy (HUJI) and Yair Levy (Tel Aviv): Evolutionary Debunking Arguments Meet Evolutionary Science. H. E. Baber (San Diego): Is Utilitarianism Bad for Women? Mark Sheskin (Yale) et al.: The Needs of the Many Do Not Outweigh the Needs of the Few: The Limits of Individual Sacrifice across Diverse Cultures. Janyne Sattler (UFSC): Playing Ethics and Teaching Morality: How Wittgenstein Could Help Us to Apply Games to the Moral Living. Nathan Nobis and Victor F. Abundez-Guerra on responding to morally flawed historical philosophers and philosophies. An Oxford scholar of moral responsibility had his ideas tested in court after he hit a child while driving.

Mozes Noda (Babes-Bolyai): A Paradigm Shift in the Catholic Church: Recognising Religious Freedom and Secular Autonomy. From Vox, Pope Francis says Catholics should care as much about the poor as about abortion; the conservative case against Pope Francis and why it matters: Tara Isabella Burton reviews To Change the Church: Pope Francis and the Future of Catholicism by Ross Douthat (and more); and Pope Francis’s divisive papacy, explained in 5 moments. No, Pope Francis isn’t more political than his predecessors, after all. “A good Catholic meddles in politics”: John Gehring on Fr. Conway’s political prayer. Sarah Shortall reviews Catholic Modern: The Challenge of Totalitarianism and the Remaking of the Church by James Chappel (and more).

Vincent Arel-Bundock, Andre Blais, and Ruth Dassonneville (Montreal): Do Voters Benchmark Economic Performance? James Malin (NYU): Why NASA Developed a Cookbook. Bashar al-Assad is winning the battle for Syria. For Jeff Bezos, space is the place: Why Amazon’s founder has his sights set on the stars. Donald Trump should be impeached now because “the constitution demands it”. It’s the year of Democratic women — the GOP remains a party of men. Fascinating conversations at a gathering for the 50th anniversary of Telos, the lively and independent journal of ideas. From domestic concentration camps to the war on terror: Udi Greenberg on the logic of militant democracy. Trump voting commission had no evidence of widespread voter fraud, former member says. World acclaimed Marxist thinker Samir Amin dies.

Peter Catron (Washington): The Citizenship Advantage: Immigrant Socioeconomic Attainment across Generations in the First Half of the Twentieth Century. The Trump administration will stop at nothing to keep America white: White House adviser Stephen Miller now has his sights set on legal, not illegal, immigration. David S. Glosser: Stephen Miller is an immigration hypocrite — I know because I’m his uncle. Trump and Sessions never had a plan — except cruelty: The United States’ current policies towards asylum-seekers are morally repugnant.

Sam Baron (UWA): Time, Physics, and Philosophy: It’s All Relative. C. D. McCoy (Edinburgh): Understanding the Progress of Science. Steven French (Leeds): Toying with the Toolbox: How Metaphysics Can Still Make a Contribution. Christian Loew (Luxembourg): Fundamentality and Time’s Arrow. Richard Marshall interviews Michela Massimi on metaphysics, science and philosophy. Questioning truth, reality and the role of science: In an era when untestable ideas such as the multiverse hold sway, Michela Massimi defends science from those who think it hopelessly unmoored from physical reality. Philosophy of science isn’t pointless chin-stroking — it makes us better scientists.

From the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, here is the entry on Metaphysics of Time by Natalja Deng. Sara Bernstein (Notre Dame): Could a Middle Level be the Most Fundamental? Jonathan Beale (Reading): Wittgenstein’s Anti-scientistic Worldview. Richard Marshall interviews Bill Child on Wittgenstein and the limits of science. Science asks and answers its big questions, so why is philosophy taking its time? Because it’s only just getting started. The defeat of reason: Tim Maudlin reviews What Is Real? The Unfinished Quest for the Meaning of Quantum Physics by Adam Becker and The Ashtray (Or the Man Who Denied Reality) by Errol Morris.

From Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science, a special issue on Pierre Duhem’s Philosophy and History of Science. Sean M. Carroll (Caltech): Why Is There Something, Rather Than Nothing? Federico Laudisa (Milan): Is Science Really What Naturalism Says It Is? Finnur Dellsen (INN): Scientific Progress: Four Accounts. Christian Wuthrich (Geneva): The Emergence of Space and Time. Richard Morey, Saskia Homer, and Travis Proulx (Cardiff): Beyond Statistics: Accepting the Null Hypothesis in Mature Sciences. The more we know, the more mystery there is: John Horgan interviews Marcelo Gleiser on the paradoxes of scientific progress.

From Synthese, a special issue on Systematicity: The Nature of Science by Paul Hoyningen-Huene. Susan Haack (Miami): The Future of Philosophy, the Seduction of Scientism. Carlo Rovelli (CPT): Physics Needs Philosophy. Philosophy Needs Physics. Is there a limit to scientific understanding? Martin Rees on how we can measure black holes, but we still can’t cure the common cold.

A study says that 24 million Americans have alt-Right beliefs — what does that number mean? Psychologists surveyed hundreds of alt-Right supporters — the results are unsettling. Think Confederate monuments are racist? Consider pioneer monuments. It’s not just Confederate monuments that need to come down. This is not a time for civility: White-nationalist rallies are calls for genocide, and must be treated as such. The alt-Right is debating whether to try to look less like Nazis: “Optics-cucking”, the debate roiling white nationalists, explained. Jane Coaston on what the Unite the Right 2 rally tells us about the state of the alt-Right in America. Unite the Right 2018 was a pathetic failure.

The alt-Right and other ethno-nationalist groups are falling apart, but their ideas are still in power. The white nationalists are winning: Fox News anchors and high-profile politicians are now openly pushing the racism of the alt-Right — the fringe movement’s messages have permeated the mainstream Republican Party. White supremacy has always been mainstream: Stephen Kantrowitz reviews The Second Coming of the KKK: The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and the American Political Tradition by Linda Gordon; Mothers of Massive Resistance: White Women and the Politics of White Supremacy by Elizabeth Gillespie McRae; and Bring the War Home: The White Power Movement and Paramilitary America by Kathleen Belew.

Ingmar Persson (Gothenburg): The Fundamental Problem of Philosophy: Its Point. What do we do when we do philosophy? Down with the philosophy factory: Marx said the point of philosophy is to change the world — the neoliberal university thinks the point is to sell books. David V. Johnson on philosophy in the public interest. A growing number of philosophers are conducting experiments to test their arguments — is this the future for philosophy? Crooks, elitists, and the progress of philosophy: Daniel Rhodes interviews Julian Baggini.

Why is philosophy important? Kieran Setiya on why philosophers should be keener to talk about the meaning of life. Even in old age, philosopher Bryan Magee remains wonder-struck by the ultimate questions. Is philosophy absurd? Only when you’re doing it right. Philosophy is dead: Jonathan Ree considers the verdict from a “bad boy” of the discipline.

Richard T. Karcher (Eastern Michigan): Big-Time College Athletes’ Status as Employees. Whites oppose — and blacks support — paying NCAA athletes, especially when they’re thinking about race. A fair wage for elite athletes: How about $750,000? How to pay college athletes without ruining NCAA sports. Adam Epstein (Central Michigan): The NCAA and Whistleblowers: 30-40 Years of Wrongdoing and College Sport and Possible Solutions. Kelly A. Childs (Seton Hall): If the Slipper Fits: The Relationship Between a Cinderella Appearance in the NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament and Institutional Financial and Admissions Factors. Urban Meyer and the new era of college football: Winning isn’t everything. Marc Tracy on how college sports killed summer vacation. Here are the hottest college sports — and the ones in decline.