From Vox, David Roberts on the Green New Deal, explained. Why a Green New Deal is a great idea: It links public responsibility, ecological sanity, and economic justice at a moment of manifest political irresponsibility. John Quiggin on the Green New Deal: “The most important demand should be a reduction in working hours, with no offsetting change in wages”. We need more than solar and wind to power the Green New Deal. Stephanie Kelton, Andres Bernal, and Greg Carlock on how we can pay for a Green New Deal. Green Leftists prepare to give Democratic candidates hell. Here’s one fight the Green New Deal should avoid for now. Michael Grunwald on the trouble with the “Green New Deal”. Some of the biggest green groups have cold feet over the “Green New Deal”.

Susan L. Ross (San Jose State): Who Put the Super in Superhero? Why has China arrested award-winning photographer Lu Guang, and hundreds of other artists in Xinjiang? (and more) Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s 70 percent tax plan has American philosopher John Rawls to thank (and more and more and more and more and more). President Trump directed his attorney Michael Cohen to lie to Congress about the Moscow Tower project. Impeach Donald Trump: Starting the process will rein in a president who is undermining American ideals — and bring the debate about his fitness for office into Congress, where it belongs. Rich Lowry: “Trump’s probably not going anywhere. Get over it”. John Bogle’s investing philosophy is still the best.

Leo Mirani on how Indians are reshaping the Internet. Check Barr’s record, not his testimony. Brad Evans interviews Saskia Sassen, author of Expulsions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy. There’s nothing wrong with open borders. The American abortion rate is at an all-time low: We have better birth control to thank. The race to understand Antarctica’s most terrifying glacier. Nikole Hannah-Jones on the persistence of segregation in American life. The shutdown is breaking government websites, one by one. The government shutdown is exposing the stupidity of government shutdowns. Welcome to the next two years in America. Waiting for a shutdown to end in disaster. Can Aristotle make America great again?

Christopher Skovron (Northwestern): What Politicians Believe About Electoral Accountability. Politics aside, Pelosi made the right decision on SOTU. Democrats cannot give Trump what he wants — just look at the incentives and the demographics. Many Americans say they want politicians to compromise — but maybe they don’t. The IRS is recalling 46,000 workers to handle tax returns. WH economist admits economic strain after saying fed workers “better off”. What workers have lost in the shutdown, so far. The shutdown threatens the promise of government jobs — and a way of life. The longer the shutdown lasts, the more it hurts the economy. Here are 9 key questions about the longest government shutdown in history, answered.

Peter L. Strauss (Columbia): Separation of Powers in Comparative Perspective: How Much Protection for the Rule of Law? Quinta Jurecic and Benjamin Wittes on the real significance of the FBI’s probe into Trump. From LARB, Omer Aziz reviews Inglorious Empire: What the British Did to India by Shashi Tharoor. Pankaj Mishra reviews Gandhi: The Years That Changed the World, 1914-1948 by Ramachandra Guha. The census citizenship question was designed to discriminate — until incompetence doomed it. “Trump created a crack in the liberal centrist hegemony”: Slavoj Zizek on why catastrophe gives him hope. Actually, the numbers show that we need more immigration, not less.

What to expect when you’re expecting Brexit (and more). Clare Malone on how Kirsten Gillibrand could win the 2020 Democratic primary (and more). EPA nominee Andrew Wheeler’s confirmation hearing was all about climate change. Virginia could soon place the Equal Rights Amendment in the U.S. Constitution. How professionals of color say they counter bias at work. “Are you a doctor?” The unchecked racism faced by physicians of color. “This model of education is not sustainable”: Yes, raises are important, but LA’s teachers are striking so their students have a fair shot at an education. What makes a protest powerful? Micah L. Sifry reviews How to Read a Protest: The Art of Organizing and Resistance by L.A. Kauffman.

Sionaidh Douglas-Scott (Oxford): Britain and the European Union: Federalism and Differentiation; and Brexit, Boundaries and the Power of Images. Theresa May experiences a historic parliamentary humiliation — but the Brexit disaster is a failure of the entire British political class. Britain is a nation in desperate need of a driver (and more). As Brexit deal goes down in flames, exasperated Europe wonders what the Britons want. Richard Seymour on the strategic perplexity of the Left on Brexit. Donald Tusk says Brexit deal looks impossible. Does the government’s Brexit defeat mean a Norway-style deal? The Brexit deal was defeated in Parliament — here’s what happens next (and more).

Greece with its bailout, the UK with Brexit: The European Union is the reigning champion in this game of chicken. How does the E.U. think this is going to end? In the standoff over Italy’s debt, Brussels is playing a very dangerous game. The rough year ahead for France: Macron’s concessions to the Yellow Vest protesters won’t fix a problem that’s fundamentally about the European Union. Broken Europe: Helen Thompson on why the EU is stuck in perpetual crisis. The anti-Europeans have a plan for crippling the European Union.

Gary Bolton (Texas), Eugen Dimant (Penn), and Ulrich Schmidt (Kiel): When a Nudge Backfires: Using Observation with Social and Economic Incentives to Promote Pro-Social Behavior. Welcome to the People’s Democratic Republic of America: Reporters need to start treating DC like a foreign posting. You should care that Richard Spencer’s wife says he abused her. Democrats are wondering what the hell happened to Lindsey Graham. How to think about empire: Avni Sejpal interviews Arundhati Roy on censorship, storytelling, and her problem with the term “postcolonialism”. How much do you trust Bill Barr? Diversity on Capitol Hill starts with paying interns. Why archaeology is so much more than just digging.

From The Atlantic, a look at the 50 moments that define an improbable presidency. Curtis Bradley, Oona Hathaway, and Jack Goldsmith on the death of Article II treaties. The verdict is in: Aung San Suu Kyi is an authoritarian. Should federal workers walk off the job? Federal workers potentially have the leverage to stick it to Trump and put an end to the shutdown. Trump confronts the prospect of a “nonstop political war” for survival. Often aided and inspired by social media, an increasing number of young Saudi women are taking enormous gambles to escape the country, rights groups say. The Border Patrol has been a cult of brutality since 1924. Here’s what’s really happening at the border.

Hannes Bajohr (ZfL Berlin): The Sources of Liberal Normativity. Sean Phelan (Massey) and Simon Dawes (UVSQ): Liberalism and Neoliberalism. Michael A. Wilkinson (LSE): Authoritarian Liberalism as Authoritarian Constitutionalism. Michael K. Connors (Nottingham): Liberalism Against the People: Learning to Live with Coups D’Etat. Slavery-entangled philosophy: John Locke took part in administering the slave-owning colonies — does that make him, and liberalism itself, hypocritical? Amanda Fugandkiss on why the idea of “Classical Liberalism” is a myth and not supported by any rigorous historical survey, and why John Locke's status as the “father of Liberalism” should be reevaluated.

What cafes did for liberalism: They were essential social institutions of political modernity — caffeinated pathways out of clan society and into a cosmopolitan world. The many lives of liberalism: David A. Bell reviews Can Democracy Work?: A Short History of a Radical Idea, from Ancient Athens to Our World by James Miller; The Lost History of Liberalism: From Ancient Rome to the Twenty-First Century by Helena Rosenblatt (and more); and On the Spirit of Rights by Dan Edelstein. Liberalism in theory and practice: Contemporary liberals are temperamentally conservative — and what they want to conserve is a morally bankrupt political order.

From Commonweal, has liberalism failed? An exchange. How liberalism failed: Sheri Berman reviews The Captured Economy: How the Powerful Enrich Themselves, Slow Down Growth, and Increase Inequality by Brink Lindsey and Steven M. Teles; Go Back to Where You Came From: The Backlash Against Immigration and the Fate of Western Democracy by Sasha Polakow-Suransky; and Counter-Revolution: Liberal Europe in Retreat by Jan Zielonka. Liberals need to fight for their values again: Formerly tough underdogs, liberals need to rekindle a fighting spirit.

Josh Chafetz (Cornell): Constitutional Maturity, or Reading Weber in the Age of Trump. A nation “bored of Brexit” risks sleepwalking into disaster. Sophie Smith on John Finnis and academic freedom. “Senior Trump official” on shutdown: “We do not want most employees to return”. The economic cost of the shutdown will soon be the cost of the wall. Lisa Ryan on the real effects of the government shutdown. The government shutdown is making airports even more hellish. It’s time for T.S.A. workers to strike: The shutdown is painful, but it is also an opportunity for labor to take a stand. Female economists push their field toward a #MeToo reckoning. Can economics fix its gender-imbalance problem? It’ll take more than research, women say.

Los Angeles teachers go on strike: The number of students in public school classrooms is irrefutably political. What we know about the 5 meetings between Trump and Putin (and more). Did the FBI “overstep” by investigating Trump? Five dealbreakers for confirming Trump’s next attorney general. You know you’re in a constitutional crisis when: The health of the republic may seem imperiled, but this is in many ways a slow-moving catastrophe. The House Democrats’ colossal election reform bill could save American democracy. John Bolton’s obsession with fighting Iran is making Trump policy more dangerous. They are here because we are there. Louise Matsakis on MacKenzie Bezos and the myth of the lone genius founder.

Javier Zarracina and Li Zhou on The astonishing effects of the shutdown, in 8 charts. How can the government expect people to work without pay indefinitely? Federal workers don’t need financial advice — they need a paycheck. The shutdown reveals just how automated our government is. Trump’s border wall creates deep divisions among Texas landowners in its path. Traffickers at the El Chapo trial say drugs aren’t smuggled through open parts of the border. Forget Mexico: Democrats turn focus to porous Canadian border. A border is not a wall — it’s much more interesting. Q&A: How the government shutdown might end.

Why autocrats love emergencies: Crises — real and imaginary — loosen normal constitutional constraints. This is Mitch McConnell’s shutdown. We’re all to blame for the shutdown — that’s what the game theorists say, anyway. This is now the longest government shutdown in US history and there’s no end in sight. “In the White House waiting”: Inside Trump’s defiance on the longest shutdown ever. Don’t make a deal — unless it’s a better deal than Trump is likely to accept. Waiting for a national emergency: Republicans and Democrats have stopped negotiating an end to the government shutdown — it’s crisis-declaring time.

Deborah Tuerkheimer (Northwestern): Unofficial Reporting in the #MeToo Era. An imperfect victory for democracy in Congo: This is not the outcome that the incumbent president initially wanted. African nations call for recount in DRC election. What if the obstruction was the collusion? Benjamin Wittes on the New York Times’s latest bombshell (and more). Strobe Talbott on how it’s already collusion. On what grounds can the FBI investigate the president as a counterintelligence threat? The FBI can’t neutralize a security threat if the president is the threat. Why the FBI’s investigation into the president was unavoidable. What humpback whales can teach us about alien languages. The Millions will live on, but the indie book blog is dead.

Here is Foreign Policy’s annual list of the top 100 Global Thinkers. The Louvre is returning sculptures to West Africa — here’s how and why Emmanuel Macron made it happen. Rep. Rashida Tlaib cursing got 5 times more coverage on cable news than Rep. Steve King embracing white supremacy. A hard Brexit after all? The dismantling of the State since the 1980s: Brexit is the wrong diagnosis of a real crisis. What Europeans talk about when they talk about Brexit. Why the Singapore model won’t work for the UK post-Brexit. Brexit: Banks are moving $1 trillion out of the UK. Carme Font plans to shed new light on women writers overlooked for centuries. Harry Reid has a few words for Washington. Sure, Pelosi is unpopular — but another Democratic Speaker likely would be too.