One-Soon Her (NCU): Ten Characters in Search of a Group: A Sketch of Bloomsbury. From Policy Review, a very rising man: Henrik Bering on Samuel Pepys and his world. Disease is also one's material: A review of Graham Greene: a Life in Letters. A review of Edmund Wilson: Literary Essays and Reviews of the 1920s & 30s and Edmund Wilson: Literary Essays and Reviews of the 1930s & 40s. A review of Betjeman: A Life by A.N. Wilson. Poe’s mysterious death: Matthew Pearl had wanted to write a novel exploring the mystery. But he never expected to uncover actual evidence that could help solve it. Whatever Wilde's talents were, originality was not one of them: A review of Henry James, Oscar Wilde and Aesthetic Culture. A review of Samuel Beckett: Anatomy of a Literary Revolution by Pascale Casanova. The man who invented the blockbuster: Harold Robbins’s racy bestsellers sold sex and glamour to the mass market – and his life was as lurid as his novels. Saul Bellow was filet mignon, Malamud was hamburger: A review of Bernard Malamud: A Writer's Life by Philip Davis. A review of D.H. Lawrence: The Life of an Outsider by John Worthen. From TLS, a review of Shakespeare Revealed by Rene Weis. Woe is Wodehouse and his biography: An article on Robert McCrum and what’s wrong with literary biographies.

From, a look at why the universe is all history. The universe is celebrating a birthday: It turns 13 and three-quarters billion today. The Great Cosmic Roller-Coaster Ride: Could cosmic inflation be a sign that our universe is embedded in a far vaster realm? A review of Endless Universe: Beyond the Big Bang by Paul J. Steinhardt and Neil Turok. From Rutherford Journal, Alan Musgrave (Otago): The "Miracle Argument" for Scientific Realism; and Cristian S. Calude and Gregory J. Chaitin (Auckland): A Dialogue on Mathematics and Physics. A Prayer for Archimedes: A long-lost work by Archimedes shows his subtle grasp of the notion of infinity, and how close he was to developing calculus. A review of Hypatia of Alexandria: Mathematician and Martyr by Michael A. B. Deakin. A review of Mathematics and Common Sense: A Case of Creative Tension by Philip J. Davis; and a review of The Art of Mathematics: Coffee Time in Memphis by Bela Bollobas. A review of The Tiger That Isn’t: Seeing Through a World of Numbers by Michael Blastland.

From New Statesman, a review of Why Are the Arabs Not Free? by Moustapha Safouan. Law of God versus law of man: A tantalising reform of the Saudi judicial system is under way. From American Heritage, an article on the Iraq War resolution: What was everyone really thinking five years ago? From Dissent, exit or no exit? Jean Bethke Elshtain, Sohail Hashmi, Gerard Powers, Trudy Rubin, and Michael Walzer on morality and the withdrawal from Iraq. An interview with PW Singer on privatizing terror and outsourcing diplomacy. From, is Iran truly a threat to the West and the United States in particular? And is military action against Iran likely or imminent? How the military can stop an Iran attack: Peace activists are reaching out to US military officials to dampen the Bush Administration's ardor for attacking Iran. Resign, retire, renounce: What should generals do if Bush orders a foolish attack on Iran? A look at why "soft" power in Iran is counterproductive. Scores of public hangings by the Iranian government have sparked harsh criticisms from human rights organizations, who question the given reasons for such punitive measures. From RAND Review, Afghanistan on the Edge: A world at risk of winning the urban battle, losing the rural war, abandoning the regional solution.

How does illiteracy help mankind progress? 10 ways to get you to read a book: What are the reasons a book sells well?  Did you ever meet a book you didn't like? Print-on-demand technology might not produce beautiful books, but it provides access to physical texts that otherwise wouldn't exist. Has txt kild the ritn wd? Shane Warne isn't the only one who loves to text. Like it or not it's coming soon to a phone near you. Is the Net good for writers? 10 professional writers answer the most important question of our time.  From The Wall Street Journal, a look at how business magazines face an ad slump and more rivals. From Financial Times, an article on the glossy and growing world of customer magazines. A look at how regional magazines are hitting their stride in niche markets. An interview with Brian Awehali, editor of Tipping the Sacred Cow: The Best of Lip : Informed Revolt, 1996-2007. A review of How Sassy Changed My Life: A Love Letter to the Greatest Teen Magazine of All Time by Kara Jesella and Marisa Meltzer.

From Technology Review, a look at how the financial engineers known as "quants" contributed to Wall Street's summer of scary numbers (and part 2). Have we learned the lessons of Black Monday? Why another financial meltdown is more likely than ever. History as written by grumpy old men: A review of Blue Blood and Mutiny: the Fight for the Soul of Morgan Stanley by Patricia Beard. John Kay reviews Imperfect Knowledge Economics by Roman Frydman and Michael D. Goldberg.  What is "mechanism design"? Explaining the research that won the 2007 Nobel Prize in Economics, and why you should care; here is a summary of the contributions, and why it matters for policy-making. When it comes to economics, it is the award itself that has sometimes come in for sneers; even a couple of its winners have suggested it be abolished.

Ekai Txapartegi (UC-Berkley): Functionalism and the Qualia Wars. Tan Kock Wah (Sarawak): Heterophenomenology Debunked. A review of Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness by Daniel C. Dennett. A review of Making Up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World by Christopher D. Frith. An interview with Tim Crane on how the mind relates to the body. A review of When the Impossible Happens: Adventures in Non-ordinary Reality by Stanislav Grof. With consciousness, there is no agreement on anything, except it's very difficult. An article on the ethics of erasing a bad memory. A review of The Head Trip: Adventures on The Wheel of Consciousness by Jeff Warren (and more).

From Vision, a review of Nurture the Nature: Understanding and Supporting Your Child’s Unique Core Personality by Michael Gurian; Right From Wrong: Instilling a Sense of Integrity in Your Child by Michael Riera and Joseph Di Prisco; Raising Kids with Character: Developing Trust and Personal Integrity in Children by Elizabeth Berger; and Building Moral Intelligence: The Seven Essential Virtues That Teach Kids to Do the Right Thing by Michele Borba. The power of birth order: Parents insist that how kids turn out depends on when they were born, and more and more, science agrees. The tickle monster needs to lie down now: Why don't parents like to play with their kids? Snooze or Lose: Overstimulated, overscheduled kids are getting at least an hour’s less sleep than they need, a deficiency that, new research reveals, has the power to set their cognitive abilities back years.

From NPR, an interview with Bernard Kouchner (and more from Der Spiegel). He talks a good talk, but it is harder to say what the policies of France's new foreign minister will add up to. It used to be that France would respond with a predictable "non" to any saber-rattling coming out of the US. Now, though, Paris seems eager to lead the way and has taken clear aim at Iran (more). From Le Figaro, Andre Glucksmann: "You said 'war', Mr Kouchner, and you were not mistaken". From Mute, why the endo-colonial guerrilla warfare in the peripheries of French society is a dangerous piece of political myth making. Ready or not, France opens museum on immigration. Parisian attitudes toward the sporting life turn up in politics, philosophy, and what fashionable joggers choose to wear for "le running". Here are 30 reasons why we hate the French.

From Not Bored!, an essay on the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Situationist International; and a look at the worst book ever written by a Situationist. From, Slavoj Zizek on Stalinism and on Alain Badiou and Logiques des mondes. From Ephemera, a review of Slavoj Zizek's The Parallax View and a review of Jodi Dean's Zizek’s Politics. From Logos, an essay on the life and work of Erich Fromm; an article on thinking about Fromm and Marxism; and a look at modes of authority and the crisis of higher education. A review of Michel Foucault's Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1977-78. Form Ovi, an article on Edward Said on cultural imperialism (and part 2). A Marxist rates Thomas Jefferson above Vladimir Lenin: A review of Michael Hardt Presents the Declaration of Independence. A look at the cantankerous dispatches Karl Marx wrote as London correspondent for the New York Tribune puts the father of communism in a new light. Father of History: Bettina Aptheker's recent memoir has incited fierce debate over the legacy of her father, Marxist historian of slavery Herbert Aptheker. A year before their joint suicide French philosopher Andre Gorz penned a confession of devotion to his ill wife. Now it's a bestseller (and more from Monthly Review).

A review of -30-: The Collapse of the Great American Newspaper. As struggling newspapers across the country cut back on investigative reporting, Paul E. Steiger and a pair of wealthy Californians are assembling a group of investigative journalists who will give away their work to media outlets. What do Herbert and Marion Sandler want? Investigating the funders of ProPublica, the new investigative journalism outfit. Is this the end of news? Even a guy burned by one failed Internet start-up can't resist the idea that this latest technology—like Linotype, TV, and cable before it—could remake the news. So here goes, the author's attempt to rescue a common narrative of public life. There is no truth: An article on the problem with Jon Stewart's media criticism. News flash: New research concludes that the sensationalism sweeping local news is bad for ratings.