A new issue of the Latin American Review of Books is out. The inaugural issue of Brasiliana: Journal for Brazilian Studies is out, including Anthony Pereira (King’s College): Brazilian Studies Then and Now. Tamlyn Monson reviews The Rule of Law in Central America: Citizens’ Reactions to Crime and Punishment by Mary Fran T Malone. Jonny Gordon-Farleigh interviews Marina Stirin, author of Everyday Revolutions: Horizontalism and Autonomy in Argentina. Dreaming of El Dorado: In La Rinconada, Peru, the highest human habitation in the world, legions of miners seek gold and one young girl seeks an education. The Nazi Cholo: A dangerous anti-Semitic movement is emerging in the land of Tupac Amaru and Vargas Llosa — the Andean Peru National Socialism Movement. Chavismo without Chavez? Venezuela is at a “major inflection point”. Nyki Salinas-Duda on how Latin America’s left turn collides with indigenous movements. For indigenous peoples in Latin America, land rights are only half the battle. Felipe Cruz reviews Conquistadors of the Sky: A History of Aviation in Latin America by Dan Hagedorn. A report finds Latin America is increasingly middle class. A survey ranks Latin Americans as the happiest people on planet.
A new issue of Columbia Political Review is out. Eric Lane (Hofstra): On Madison, Muslims, and the New York City Police Department. The conclusion is unavoidable: for women, at least, age trumps race — every time. Randy Rieland on the best inventions of 2012 you haven’t heard of yet (and part 2). Jacqueline Briggs reviews Young People and Politics: Political Engagement in the Anglo-American Democracies by Aaron J. Martin. What does a futurist do? Derek Woodgate explains. Matthew O’Brien on everything you need to know about the economy in 2012, in 34 charts. Cabinets of curiosity: Benjamin Breen on the Web as Wunderkammer (and more). Bruce Bartlett on how Democrats became liberal Republicans. Music, meaning and money: Robert Loss on the special ingredients of media and consumerism in pop. How one woman made budget scolding chic: Noam Scheiber profiles Maya MacGuineas, doyenne of debt. The 12 Months of Crazy: Roy Edroso on rightbloggers' greatest hits of 2012. You can download several articles from Democratization, a SAGE four-volume set, ed. Jean Grugel.
Shima Baradaran (BYU): The Presumption of Punishment. R. A. Duff (Minnesota): Who Must Presume Whom to Be Innocent of What? Adil Ahmad Haque (Rutgers): Retributivism: The Right and the Good. Vincent Chiao (Toronto): Punishment and Permissibility in the Criminal Law. John F. Pfaff (Fordham): The Micro and Macro Causes of Prison Growth. Julia Kensy, Camille Stengal, Marie Nougier, and Ruth Birgin (IDPC): Drug Policy and Women: Addressing the Negative Consequences of Harmful Drug Control. Johannes Wheeldon reviews Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security by Deborah Drake. A prescription for criminal justice: Embrace errors, then fix them. American conservatives shift on mass incarceration. The sleepwalker's defense: Katherine Ramsland on automatism. Lizzie Borden took an axe: New details uncovered in New England’s most famous unsolved mystery. Seeing is believing: Eyewitness testimony is unreliable and leads to wrongful convictions — why has the judicial system not taken note? Raiding consciousness: Lewis Lapham on why the War on Drugs is a war on human nature. J. Patrick O’Connor on our broken justice system.
A new issue of Cryonics is out. Timothy Sandefur (PLF): So It's a Tax, Now What? Some of the Problems Remaining after NFIB v. Sebelius. From Swans, a special issue on Perspectives: A review of 2012 (and predicitions for 2013). From Chicago, four-star dining, luxury cars, European getaways: An exclusive investigation reveals how Illinois politicians are living large on their campaigns’ dime. What you might call the ideology of “come togetherism” is, ironically, one of the big reasons that nothing in Washington ever seems to get solved and that the two sides never seem to come together. To mark the 200th year since the Brothers Grimm first published their Kinder-und Hausmarchen, Jack Zipes explores the importance of this neglected first edition and what it tells us about the motives and passions of the two folklorist brothers. On essays and letters: James V. Schall on the real charm of Oxford. Next City will unrolls short profiles of 77 people, places and ideas that have changed cities this year. So what is an asshole, exactly? How is he (and assholes are almost always men) distinct from other types of social malefactors? The Talking Points Memo’s Golden Dukes winners are announced.
From The Space Review, what’s the purpose of a 21st century space agency? Jeff Foust wonders; and is history — human events — just never-ending repetition, or does it progress, with humanity learning and avoiding the mistakes of the past? Dwayne Day on history’s rhymes. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA's leading space science lab, started by a co-founder with deep ties to the occult. What would a starship actually look like? Science fiction likes to imagine interstellar vehicles as sleek, aerodynamic ships — but there’s no air in space, and voyaging to the stars will require something that looks much different than an oversized jet. Property rights in space: Rand Simberg on the legal framework needed to settle the final frontier. Our imperiled world: It took billions of years to make the earth habitable for humans — Owen Gingerich warns the United Nations how quickly that can be reversed. Austin Considine on a time-capsule launched into space for aliens to find when all the humans are gone. The first chapter from Near-Earth Objects: Finding Them Before They Find Us by Donald K. Yeomans. Are you healthy enough to be a space tourist? Almost being there: Adam Mann on why the future of space exploration is not what you think.
Geert Lovink (Amsterdam): What Is the Social in Social Media? Hey, 2005, your meme is calling: C.T. May on learning to hate the Internet. Hennie Weiss reviews I Know Who You Are and I Saw What You Did: Social Networks and the Death of Privacy by Lori Andrews. Why are dead people liking stuff on Facebook? Facebook's lack of a dislike button is no surprise: our public sphere is structured to favor approval and consent over disapproval and dissent. Is Wikipedia biased? Shane Greenstein and Feng Zhu on verifying the “neutral point of view”. Herding cats: Glenn Derene on how YouTube processes 72 hours of video in 1 minute. Reddit is making us stoopid: Ted Rall on how online popularity contests are killing politics. Finally, the one true purpose of Wikipedia has been revealed: It’s a GIF repository. Alt Text: Lore Sjoberg on the Nine Muses of the Internet. Dear Facebook: Without the Commons, we lose the sharing web. MetaFilter founder Matt Haughey on how Reddit's “creepy stuff” shows how hard it is to run an open community, why Facebook is like AOL in the '90s, and the best and worst developments in online communities. Mike Novak on fun places on the Internet (in 1995).
David Dittrich (Washington): The Ethics of Social Honeypots. Duncan Murrell (Duke): The Anxiety of Authenticity. Catherine Baker reviews The New World of UN Peace Operations: Learning to Build Peace? by Thorsten Benner, Stephan Mergenthaler and Philipp Rotmann. Michael Ignatieff reviews Interventions: A Life in War and Peace by Kofi Annan with Nader Mousavizadeh (and more). Simon Balto on James Baldwin’s America and the paradox of race. Alden Young reviews Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable. From Ryerson Review of Journalism, many journalists believe fashion and beauty books are easy targets for aggressive advertisers — but it’s a lot more complicated than that; and to report or to rescue: When is it okay to cross the line from journalist to humanitarian? The end of the map: Apple Maps stands at the end of a long line of cartographic catastrophes; say goodbye to the Mountains of Kong and New South Greenland — the enchanting era of geographic gaffes is coming to a close. How diabetes swept the US: Asya Pereltsvaig on using a series of maps to represent changes in time.
Alison L. LaCroix (Chicago): What If Madison Had Won? Imagining a Constitutional World of Legislative Supremacy. Derek A. Webb (Stanford): The Original Meaning of Civility: Democratic Deliberation at the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention. The introduction to The Story of America: Essays on Origins by Jill Lepore (and more). From Common-place, Patrick Spero reviews Founding Rivals: Madison vs. Monroe, The Bill of Rights, and the Election that Saved a Nation by Chris DeRose. From City Journal, Myron Magnet on the Americanness of the American Revolution: Why the Founders succeeded. David V. Johnson interviews William Hogeland, author of Founding Finance: How Debt, Speculation, Foreclosures, Protests, and Crackdowns Made Us a Nation (and more). Gordon S. Wood reviews The Founders and Finance: How Hamilton, Gallatin, and Other Immigrants Forged a New Economy by Thomas K. McCraw. Henry Wiencek reviews Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power by Jon Meacham. Nicholas Guyatt reviews The Amistad Rebellion: The Atlantic Odyssey of Slavery and Freedom by Marcus Rediker.
Lisa Maria Dellmuth and Jonas Tallberg (Stockholm): The Social Legitimacy of International Organizations: Interest Representation, Institutional Performance, and Cosmopolitan Identities. May it go to the heart: The story of Jewish prisoners performing Verdi’s Requiem at Terezin taught conductor Murry Sidlin just how powerful music can be. Andrew Clark reviews A History of Opera: The Last Four Hundred Years by Carolyn Abbate and Roger Parker. Indigenous to the hood: Leslie Jamison on Los Angeles's gang tours. Nine-year-old girl Sam Gordon plays football, kicks ass and maybe changes the world. An interview with Andrei S. Markovits, co-author of Sportista: Female Fandom in the United States. Do orchestras really need conductors? Shankar Vedantam investigates. From Intellectual Conservative, what would Jesus shoot? Jesus actually ordered the apostles to acquire swords. Jon Wiener on the largest mass execution in US history: Lincoln ordered the execution of thirty-eight Dakota Indians for rebellion — but never ordered the execution of Confederate officials or generals. Here are the top 25 Cracked articles of 2012.
From The Examined Life, a special issue on pursuing goodness without a payoff. Philosophy as an art of living: Costica Bradatan reviews Examined Lives: From Socrates to Nietzsche by James Miller; How to Live: Or A Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at an Answer by Sarah Bakewell; and The Hemlock Cup: Socrates, Athens and the Search for the Good Life by Bettany Hughes. From Being Human, evolved trait or evolutionarily useless spinoff? Dean Falk on the adaptive value of happiness; the highest good: Carol Ryff on pleasure versus purpose in determining happiness; negotiating with our future selves: Paul Bloom on how we trade off happiness today against tomorrow; and the non-pursuit of happiness: Daniel M. Haybron on how meaningful well-being comes from leading a better life. The art of living well: Rosalind Hursthouse reviews Intelligent Virtue by Julia Annas. Tyler Cowen on why he’s a happiness optimist but an economic pessimist. Susan Hassler on the pursuit of corporate happiness: Biometric sensors can gauge worker productivity but carry real risks as well. How should we live? Jonathan Glover tells us about some of those who've looked for answers, from Plato to Primo Levi. Douglas McDermid reviews Stoic Pragmatism by John Lachs.