From Swans, student debt or freedom: Assume debt for diplomas chasing prosperity, or maximize freedom of action by staying debt-free? Doug Henwood on the economic consequences of student debt. Can you MOOC your way through college in one year? An academic with Impostor Syndrome: What it's like to live with the constant fear of being discovered to be a fraud. From Mother Jones, yes, liberals rule the ivory tower, but why? David Graeber, a scholar of the radical left, can't find a job — maybe American anthropology departments aren't as liberal as you think. A question of academic freedom: A Notre Dame history shows that it’s nothing new for faculty to speak their minds — and cause a stir. Jordan Weissmann on the ever-shrinking role of tenured college professors: For almost 40 years, we've been witnessing the rise of the adjuncts.
Nick Bostrom (Oxford): Existential Risk Prevention as Global Priority. From Say No to Life, is it moral to be happy in a world of suffering? L'affair Richard Falk should teach us that engagement helps make institutions like the Human Rights Council better, while a policy of blanket hostility backfires. From Businessweek, how did the world's rich get that way? Luck, says Charles Kenny. Steven Mazie on how governments really are good for something. Josh Wilburn reviews Plato's Erotic World: From Cosmic Origins to Human Death by Jill Gordon. Garance Franke-Ruta on why big cities make media liberal — and why the Koch brothers can't do anything about it. How a drug get its name: Street names aside, who comes up with crazy non-words like Zyrtec, tenofovir and Xeljanz? Erik Loomis on holding corporations responsible for workplace deaths.
From The Globalist, Amy Zalman makes the case that there are three distinct forms of terrorism — Hybrid, Multi-motivational and Narrative Terrorism. Testosterone, narrative, and theater: TNT, if you will — that’s the truly critical and explosive mix inside the terrorist’s mind. Robert Beckhusen on how studying extremist psychology can help prevent another bombing. The Tsarnaev brothers hail from a beautiful corner of the world that has known little beyond war, exile, anger, and grief. In the seconds after the explosions came an answer to an ancient question — are we by nature good, or bad? With the implementation of a state of military siege against the population of Boston last week, the American ruling class has crossed a historical, legal and political Rubicon. The most popular Boston bombing conspiracy theories are ripped off from Hollywood action films. From Russia!, Sean Guillory on a Tsarnaev Conspiracy Theory Simulacrum. #FreeJahar: When conspiracy theorists and One Direction fans collide.
A new issue of Fascism is out, including Nigel Copsey (Teesside): “Fascism but with an open mind”: Reflections on the Contemporary Far Right in (Western) Europe; and Manuel Mireanu (CEU): The Spectacle of Security in the Case of Hungarian Far-Right Paramilitary Groups. Dalibor Rohac on conspicuous frugality: Is cheap the new cool? David M. Maas reviews The Bible, Rocks and Time: Geological Evidence for the Age of the Earth by Davis A. Young and Ralph F. Stearley. Peter Schweiger on “History as Myth: On the Appropriation of the Past in Tibetan Culture”. Anashri Pillay reviews Children’s Socio-Economic Rights, Democracy and the Courts by Aoife Nolan. From Caribbean Business, when you’re talking about rum, how much does the Caribbean really matter? Yemeni Farea al-Muslimi loves America, hates al-Qaeda, and says drone strikes make them stronger.
Maria Francisca Carneiro (Parana): Law and Proportions: Interdisciplinary and Semiotic Foundations for an Idea of Justice. Daniela Cammack (Harvard): Plato and the Construction of Justice. Jacob Weinrib (Toronto): Permissive Laws and the Dynamism of Kantian Justice. John Tasioulas ‏(UCL): HLA Hart on Justice and Morality. Steven R. Ratner (Michigan): Ethics and International Law: Integrating the Global Justice Project(s). Loren King (Wilfrid Laurier): Concepts, Conceptions, and Principles of Justice. Luis Cabrera reviews Justice, Institutions and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality by Kok-Chor Tan. David A. Crocker reviews Habilitation, Health, and Agency: A Framework for Basic Justice by Lawrence C. Becker. Equality of opportunity: Steven Mazie on Obama’s Rawlsian vision. Edward Luce interviews Michael Sandel on his global lectures, Obama and education’s new frontiers. Michael Sandel’s famous Harvard course on Justice launches as a MOOC.
From the Fletcher Forum, Aigerim Zikibayeva on Kazakhstan’s delicate balancing act. Alfrid Bustanov reviews Soviet and Muslim: The Institutionalization of Islam in Central Asia, 1943-1991 by Eren Murat Tasar. Goodbye Lenin: Eleanor Dalgleish on Tajikistan's new historical narrative. Annabelle Chapman reviews Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia by Alexander Cooley. Why is the dictatorship of Kazakhstan getting such good PR? Liz Carolan reviews Presidents, Oligarchs and Bureaucrats: Forms of Rule in the Post-Soviet Space. Was the Eurasian economic union a good deal for Kazakhstan? Melinda Haring and Michael Cecire on why the color revolutions failed: Toppling dictators isn't enough — successful revolutions also embrace the rule of law. Kazakhstan’s and Uzbekistan’s strongmen and their daughters ponder succession. Martin W. Lewis on Zoi’s fantastic Central Asia water map, and Turkmenistan’s geo-engineering projects.
Jessie Allen (Pittsburgh): Theater of International Justice. From Slate, the legacy of George W. Bush is having a bit of a revival — and some Republicans can’t stand it. Is American nonviolence possible? Facing ourselves squarely at this difficult moment might provide a better lesson for the future than allowing ourselves to once again give in to blind fury. Against wishful thinking: Brian Tomasik on how some people hold more hopeful beliefs about the world and the future than are justified. Is it wrong to care more about 4 deaths in Boston than 80 in Syria? Santiago Zabala on the art of Filippo Minelli: When the language that defines our virtual lives is taken beyond the frame of the computer, new meanings emerge. Hatebase is a new initiative from the Sentinel Project, a Canadian group that aims to use social media and other technology to identify early warning signals for ethnic conflict.
From Prospect, the relatively new science of human behaviour might also define ethics for us — ethical economics would then emerge from one of the least likely places: economists themselves. Mark Thoma on why politics and economics are a toxic cocktail. Jeffrey Frankel on the economist’s stone. Mark Buchanan on the insupportable equilibrium of economic thought. Steven Horwitz reviews Friedrich Hayek: The Ideas and Influence of the Libertarian Economist by Eamonn Butler. Is Austrian economics too popular for its own good? Stan Tsirulnikov investigates. Neil Irwin on what the Reinhart-Rogoff debacle tells us about the mysteries of macroeconomics. Dylan Matthews goes inside the Political Economy Research Institute at the University of Massachusetts, the offbeat economics department that debunked Reinhart-Rogoff. Which (macro)-economists are worth listening to? Dean Baker on worms, pond scum and economists.
Stefan Voigt (Hamburg): Veilonomics: On the Use and Utility of Veils in Constitutional Political Economy. It's not like American politics has become boring and thrill-seekers need to look north, but the current political scene in Canada is actually interesting. From Gawker, here's the jihadist magazine that taught the Boston bombers to kill; and this is what it's like to be a Muslim in Boston right now. Kevin Mahnken on why there's nothing wrong with properly politicizing a tragedy. Is the think tank scene becoming too saturated? Rolf Dobelli on how news is bad for you — and giving up reading it will make you happier (and a response). Jinah Roe on exit, voice, and loyalty at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal: Should the international community stay or go? Let's face it: Americans don't care if the U.S. tortured. Yes, zines still exist, and they’re not antiques.
Paul Katsafanas (BU): Philosophical Psychology as a Basis for Ethics. Travis Riddle on how your moral decisions are shaped by a bad mood: Weighty choices can be shifted by surprising factors. Continuing breakthroughs in neuroscience have given rise to shelves full of new books on the neurochemistry of right and wrong. Want to be a better person? Spend more time thinking about science. Philip Bethge and Johann Grolle interview Edward O. Wilson on the origin of morals. Frans de Waal's bottom-up morality: We're not good because of God. Ruy Teixeira on the good news about human nature: Most people aren’t jerks (and part 2). Infants as young as nine months old prefer individuals who are nice to people like them and mean to people who aren't like them (and more). Has morality become a skeuomorph? Doug Hill wonders. From Forbes, Joseph Grenny on how there's nothing like a financial crisis to bring out the best in people.