Evan J. Criddle (William and Mary): A Sacred Trust of Civilization: Fiduciary Foundations of International Law. Joe McMahon (UCD): The Responsibility to Protect: Questions and Answers? Jacqueline Mowbray (Sydney): International Authority, the Responsibility to Protect and the Culture of the International Executive. James G. Stewart (UBC): Ten Reasons for Adopting a Universal Concept of Participation in Atrocity. Cassandra Steer (Amsterdam): Ranking Responsibility? Why We Should Differentiate between Participants in Mass Atrocity Crimes. Leora Bilsky (Tel Aviv): The Eichmann Trial: Toward a Jurisprudence of Eyewitness Testimonies of Atrocity? R A Duff (Stirling): Can We Punish the Perpetrators of Atrocities? Shaun Larcom (Cambridge), Mare Sarr (Cape Town), and Tim Willems (Oxford): What Shall We Do with the Bad Dictator? Margaret M. DeGuzman (Temple): Harsh Justice for International Crimes? The first chapter from Responding to Genocide: The Politics of International Action by Adam Lupel and Ernesto Verdeja. Why hasn’t the principle adopted by the UN in 2005 to prevent genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing — known as the Responsibility to Protect — helped to stop the war crimes in Syria? Adam Lupel interviews Jennifer Welsh. Anjli Parrin on the politics of preventing genocide. Michael Ignatieff on Raphael Lemkin, the unsung hero who coined the term "genocide". Samantha R. Williams writes in defence of Raphael Lemkin's definition of genocide: To what extent has the definition of genocide developed since Lemkin's initial conception of it? Jay Ulfelder on a multimodel ensemble for forecasting onsets of state-sponsored mass killing.