From NYRB, Haleh Esfandiari on Iran’s state of fear. The making of a martyr: Some doubt the story of Mohamed Bouazizi whose suicide sparked the revolution in Tunisia. For all the worries about the region's turmoil, there is also cause for hope in the Middle East. From News & Letters, an article on philosophy and Iran's revolution: Where to now? Iraq is still very dangerous, though not dangerous enough to scare off investors with an appetite for risk. Can Turkey unify the Arabs? As the Arab world struggles with the traumas of its revolutions, something else is at work along connections from the Ottoman Empire. Barak Barfi on how to topple Qaddafi. An interview with Emmanuel Todd on the demographic roots of the Arab revolution. Can nonviolence work in Iran? Ramin Jahanbegloo and Roberto Toscano on the future of Iran's opposition (and more on the dignity of nonviolence in Iran). Tunisia's literary life is blossoming after the end of Ben Ali's dictatorship — now critical works are selling like hot cakes. The next version of Egypt could set an example for the Arab world — inside the struggle to imagine a new state (and more on Egypt’s next crisis). A Fourth Wave or false start? Larry Diamond on democracy after the Arab Spring. Inside Al Jazeera: Nothing prepared us for what we saw happening across the Arab world this year — one network knew damn well how to report a revolution. A review of Democracy in Modern Iran: Islam, Culture, and Political Change by Ali Mirsepassi. The Syrian Problem: Steve Coll on an uprising unlike the others. Franco Frattini on a Marshall Plan for the Arab world. The Silence of the Thinkers: Many intellectuals in the Arab world had already made their peace with the autocrats and dictators — few of them made an active contribution to the Arab Spring movements. Qaddafi’s Green Book mixes utopian socialism and Arab nationalism with a streak of Bedouin supremacism. A review of The People Reloaded: The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran’s Future. Christopher Caldwell on how Bernard-Henri Levy fought his way into chronic interventionism. Political Order in Egypt: Francis Fukuyama on how Samuel Huntington helps us understand the Jasmine Revolutions.

Lucian Dervan (Southern Illinois): Information Warfare and Civilian Populations: How the Law of War Addresses a Fear of the Unknown. From Rolling Stone, Tim Dickinson on how Roger Ailes built the Fox News fear factory: The onetime Nixon operative has created the most profitable propaganda machine in history — inside America's Unfair and Imbalanced Network (and more). From Brown Alumni Magazine, Ryan Goldberg on The Patients No One Wants: How much health care should prisoners receive? As much as we an afford, and here's why. Can we be awake and asleep at the same time? Here are 5 reasons pro wrestlers are the best actors in the world. A book salon on Black Tide: The Devastating Impact of the Gulf Oil Spill by Antonia Juhasz. Tea-bagger oil theory: A review of Power Grab: How Obama’s Green Policies Will Steal Your Freedom and Bankrupt America by Christopher C. Horner. Why is polygamy mostly practiced by males? The Rise of Backyard Biotech: Powered by social networking, file sharing, and e-mail, a new cottage industry is bringing niche drugs to market. A review of The Psychopath Test: A Journey Through the Madness Industry by Jon Ronson. Manliness and Morality: Harvey Mansfield on the transgressions of Arnold Schwarzenegger and Dominique Strauss-Kahn. The People’s Budget: The Congressional Progressive Caucus lays out a surprisingly popular vision of the future. Lively's Lies: A profile of antigay activist Scott Lively. Taco Bell and the Golden Age of Drive-Thru: Operational innovations at restaurants like Taco Bell rival those at any factory in the world — a view from the drive-thru window at how they do it. Cass Sunstein on 21st-century regulation — an update on the president's regulatory reforms. Why positive fantasies make your dreams less likely to come true.

David Coates on the strengths and weaknesses of American exceptionalism. Gavin McInnes on 10 things he learned about the South. Andrew Hartman on the new historiographic consensus on the 1970s. A review of Before the Revolution: America’s Ancient Pasts by Daniel K. Richter. Living in the Midwest: Does it make you complacent and likely to wear clogs? Richard Cohen on the myth of American exceptionalism. Lean and mean: Citizens of Colorado Springs are self-imposed subjects of a small government experiment. James Wilson signed the Declaration of Independence and was a key architect of the US Constitution, and served as one of the first justices of the Supreme Court — he was also a reckless land-speculator, jailed more than once for debt, who died a fugitive. Securing Arizona: What Americans can learn from their rogue state. How slavery really ended in America: The forgotten story of three “contrabands,” a pragmatic general and a shrug that made history. Condo Culture: Richard Reep on how Florida became Floridastan. Michael H. Hunt on the Bin Laden killing and American exceptionalism. The most peaceful states in America? Nonviolent New Englanders. Here are 6 Civil War myths everyone believes (that are total BS). A review of A Queer History of the United States by Michael Bronski (and more). Tiny towns may be an endangered species: Several states facing budget shortfalls are offering incentives for townships to share services or even merge. The introduction to Waves of Resistance: Surfing and History in Twentieth-Century Hawaii by Isaiah Helekunihi Walker. Yo Ho Ho and a Bottle of Ru: Robert Moss on the forgotten liquor of the South is finding fans around town. We're #1: Ten depressing ways America is exceptional. A review of The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States by Gordon S. Wood.