Catherine Rowett (East Anglia): Philosophy's Numerical Turn: Why the Pythagoreans' Interest in Numbers Is Truly Awesome. From PUP, the introduction to Count Like an Egyptian: A Hands-on Introduction to Ancient Mathematics by David Reimer; the introduction to Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century by Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall; the introduction to Enlightening Symbols: A Short History of Mathematical Notation and Its Hidden Powers by Joseph Mazur (and more and more); the first chapter from Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy, and Computer Science by Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel and S. G. Sterrett; the first chapter from Math Bytes: Google Bombs, Chocolate-Covered Pi, and Other Cool Bits in Computing by Tim Chartier; and the introduction to The Best Writing on Mathematics 2014, ed. Mircea Pitici. Sean Walsh, Eleanor Knox, and Adam Caulton review Mathematics and Scientific Representation by Christopher Pincock. Seeker, doer, giver, ponderer: William J. Broad on James A. Simons: A billionaire mathematician’s life of ferocious curiosity. Amir Alexander on why the glory of math is to matter. A tenacious explorer of abstract surfaces: Erica Klarreich on how Maryam Mirzakhani’s monumental work draws deep connections between topology, geometry and dynamical systems. Watch Maryam Mirzakhani, the first woman to win mathematics' top prize, explain her work. Michael J. Barany on how math got its “Nobel”. From the Oughtred Society, dedicated to the preservation and history of slide rules and other calculating instruments, Robert A. James on the deaths of the slide rule. You can download The History of Mathematics: An Introduction by David M. Burton (2011).

Mary Ziegler (Florida State): The (Non-)Right to Sex. Gerald J. Russello reviews Insurrections of the Mind: 100 Years of Politics and Culture in America by The New Republic. In Israel, mocking hipsters is now a political statement. Mark A. Rothstein on the moral challenge of Ebola. What happened in the United States is that the remaining voices of the Cold War — the defenders of U.S. sanctions — have been overtaken by the voices of those who want a foreign policy toward Cuba that is appropriate for this century. Joy-Ann Reid interviews Eric Holder on anti-police protests, Obama's legacy, and his final battle as Attorney General. Land of the free and home of the enhanced interrogators: Chris Lehmann on why we need a truth and reconciliation commission to deal with our torture problem. The familiar philosophy of the dictator, at home within a major American political party: Jonathan Chait on torture, Russia, and conservative dictator-envy. Christopher Hartwell on how the next victim of the ruble's decline could be the Eurasian Union. Is Obama destroying the Russian economy? Michael Crowley on how sanctions helped sink the ruble, officials say privately. Obama's had a helluva good month since the midterms. Good politics, bad policy: Glen Olives on our disastrous war on drugs. #History: From the Romans to Twitter, the hash sign — or octothorpe — has had a rich history, and now this innocuous little character has found a mighty resurgence as the hashtag. The linguistics of LOL: What Internet vernacular reveals about the evolution of language. Smile, you’re speaking emoji: Adam Sternbergh on the rapid evolution of a wordless tongue. Maria Konnikova on how headlines change the way we think.

Luis Felipe Alvarez Leon (UCLA): Mao’s Steps in Monroe’s Backyard: Towards a United States-China Hegemonic Struggle in Latin America? Christian Houle (Michigan State) and Paul D. Kenny (ANU): Populism, Democracy, and Redistribution. Zoltan J. Acs (George Mason) and Paulo Guilherme Correa (World Bank): Identifying the Obstacles to High-Impact Entrepreneurship in Latin America and the Caribbean. Simone Cecchini and Fernando Filgueira (ECLAC) and Claudia Robles (UNICEF): Social Protection Systems in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Comparative View. Ligia M. De Jesus (Ave Maria): Abortion in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Comparative Analysis of Domestic Laws and Relevant Jurisprudence Following the Adoption of the American Convention on Human Rights. David S Berry (UWI): Transitions in Caribbean Law: An Introduction. Ivelaw Griffith (Fort Valley State): The United States and the Caribbean Thirty Years after the Grenada Invasion: Dynamics of Geopolitics and Geonarcotics. From Politica Comun, a special issue on John Beverley’s Latinamericanism after 9/11. Charles R. Clement (INPA), Daniel Zizumbo-Villarreal (CICY), Cecil H. Brown (NIU), R. Gerard Ward (ANU), Alessandro Alves-Pereira (Sao Paulo), and Hugh C. Harries (CTL): Coconuts in the Americas. "One of the most ridiculous things that has ever occurred in the history of the United States": An excerpt from Red Heat: Conspiracy, Murder and the Cold War in the Caribbean by Alex von Tunzelmann, on how the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion changed the balance of power during the Cold War. It's long past time to end America's idiotic embargo of Cuba — but Cuba's human rights record is terrible, no matter what you think of the embargo. What you will and won’t be able to do now that Obama is opening relations with Cuba. You can download Rethinking Intellectuals in Latin America, ed. Mabel Morana and Bret Gustafson (2010).